Sur Lípez Province
Sur Lípez / Sud Lípez
Location of the Sud Lípez Province within Bolivia
Provinces of the Potosí Department
|• Total||8,631 sq mi (22,355 km2)|
|• Density||0.8/sq mi (0.3/km2)|
Sur Lípez is one of sixteen provinces in the Potosí Department. Also the southwesternmost point of Bolivia is located here, at 22° 49' 41.016" South, 67° 52' 35.004" West, at an elevation of approximately 5,400 m on the northeastern slope of the Licancabur volcano.
It is bordered by the Nor Lípez Province in the north and northwest, Enrique Baldivieso Province in the west, the Republic of Chile in the southwest and south, the Republic of Argentina in the southeast and east, and Sud Chichas Province in the northeast.
The province extends from the northeast to the southwest, at a length of 230 km and an average width of 100 km.
In its southwestern part, the Quetena Grande Canton which lies in the Eduardo Avaroa Andean Fauna National Reserve, the province has a couple of lakes and salt pans, the largest being Laguna Colorada, which is 6 km in diameter at an elevation of 4,278 m. Other lakes, such as Laguna Verde, Laguna Blanca and Laguna Celeste are also well known for their respectively green, white and blue colors. There is a geyser field called "Sol de Mañana" in south-western Sur Lípez.
The tourist circuit La Ruta de las Joyas Altoandinas passes through the spectacular geography of this area.
|1st||San Pablo de Lípez Municipality||San Pablo de Lípez|
|3rd||San Antonio de Esmoruco Municipality||San Antonio de Esmoruco|
The population increased from 4,158 (1992 census) to 4,905 inhabitants (2001 census), an increase of 18%.
99.4% of the population have no access to electricity, 90% have no sanitary facilities. 69% of the population are employed in agriculture, 4% in mining, 4% in industry, 23% in general services. 86% of the population are Catholics, 9% Protestants.
|Ethnic group||San Pablo de Lípez Municipality (%)||Mojinete Municipality (%)||San Antonio de Esmoruco Municipality (%)|
|Guaraní, Chiquitos, Moxos||0.0||0.0||0.0|
|Other indigenous groups||0.1||0.0||0.02|
The languages spoken in the province are mainly Spanish and Quechua.
|Language||San Pablo de Lípez Municipality||Mojinete Municipality||San Antonio de Esmoruco Municipality|
|Native and Spanish||1,419||503||1,146|