The Ñuble Region (Spanish: Región de Ñuble), officially the Region of Ñuble (Spanish: Región de Ñuble), is — since 5 September 2018 – one of Chile's sixteen regions. It spans an area of 13,178.5 km2 (5,088 sq mi), making it the smallest region in Chile in terms of area, and is administratively constituted by 21 communes. It has a population of 480,609 inhabitants. Its capital is the city of Chillán.
Región de Ñuble
|Provinces||Diguillín, Itata, Punilla|
|• Governor||Óscar Crisóstomo (PS)|
|• Total||13,178.5 km2 (5,088.2 sq mi)|
|• Density||36/km2 (94/sq mi)|
|Website||(in Spanish) Gobierno Regional de Ñuble|
This region has played a distinguished role in the history and culture of Chile. Many patriots who fought for independence, presidents, politicians, and artists, like pianist Claudio Arrau and folklorist Violeta Parra, were born here.
On August 20, 2015, President Michelle Bachelet signed the bill that converted the Ñuble Province into a Region, and its legislative process began on the 1 September 2015, while on 10 January 2017, the project was approved in the first constitutional process in the Senate with 28 votes in favor and 2 against. The project was processed in the Chamber of Deputies, where it was approved and dispatched on July 5 of the same year On 12 July 2017 the project was approved by the Senate chamber, with 26 votes in favor and only 2 against.
For 2017, after approval in the National Congress, the deputy Marcelo Chávez sends this project to the Constitutional Court of Chile to consider three articles as unconstitutional: the proportionality with respect to the number of senators in the region, the regional councilors who are elected for the Biobío Region they would move to the new region and the lack of consultation with the indigenous peoples In the defense of the bill, Senator Felipe Harboe presented himself. The court approved the creation of the Ñuble Region on 2 August 2017 and on August 19 of the same year, the law is signed by President Michelle Bachelet at the Sport's House of Chillán. In September 2017 the law was published in the Official Gazette, with the stipulation that it would come into force until one year after its publication, e.g., 5 September 2018.
Geography and demographyEdit
According to the 2002 census by the National Statistics Institute (INE), the region spans an area of 13,178.5 km2 (5,088 sq mi) with a population of 438,103 inhabitants (217,024 men and 221,079 women), giving it a population density of 33.2/km2 (86/sq mi). 285,108 (65.1%) of the inhabitants were in urban areas and 152,995 (34.9%) in rural areas. Between the 1992 and 2002 censuses, the population grew by 4.5% (18,854 people).
Provinces and CommunesEdit
The Ñuble Region has 3 provinces and 21 communes.
|Communes of the Ñuble Region|
Culture and tourismEdit
Ñuble has a lot of attractions for tourists, including:
- The Spas of Chillán are a winter and, more importantly, summer tourist complex of the region, located among millenarian forests and inexhaustible thermal water sources.
- The comuna of Pinto, located 24 km (15 mi) to the southeast of Chillán, is an agricultural area with some beautiful rural areas where native flora and fauna can be found.
- The Lleuques is a cordillerano bath located next to the Rengado River and which has beautiful places surrounded by mountains.
- Cobquecura located in the coastal sector, and has several beaches and places to make excursions (like the Calvario Hill).
- The commune of Quillón is home of the Avendaño Lagoon, for water-skiing, swimming, sailing, and rowing.
- The commune San Fabián de Alico, has beautiful landscapes is an excellent locality for excursions, camping and fishing.
Other places of interest are the Market and Fair of Chillán, one of the more beautiful and important artisan centers of Chile. Murals by Siqueiros were donated by the Government of Mexico. There is also Bernardo O'Higgins Monumental Park in the locality of Chillán Viejo.
Among the activities characteristic of Ñuble are crafts, in particular in the localities of Quinchamalí (considered like one of the country's more important places of artisan production of white clay pottery), Coihueco (characterized by the wood carvings and loom weaving), Ninhue and San Fabián de Alico.
In recent years Ñuble has consolidated an important forest sector, thanks to favorable climatic conditions land for the development of plantations of such rapidly growing trees as pinus radiata and eucalyptus globulus.
Ñuble has a variety of celebrations and events. Outstanding among these are the Rodeo, a celebration huasa that takes place between September and February. The Agro-Expo of San Carlos is an agricultural, cattle and artisan exhibition, with strong accent on dairying.
- The Carnival of Quillón, traditional celebration with artistic spectacles and dances.
- The Celebration of the Vendimia, the celebration of autumn in the locality of Santacruz de Cuca.
- The Festival of Creole Roots in Coihueco, which revives folkloric traditions.
- The gathering of Folkloric Roots of Portezuelo in the month of November brings together an important group of singers, artisan and cultural singers and expressions of rural sectors of Ñuble and the country.
- The celebrations of the Cherry and Esquila; this first occurs in December in Quinchamalí, with typical folkloric activities, meals, exhibitions and tasting of cherries, jams and liqueurs; second the Cardal "in the commune of Yungay takes place in the sector".
Chillán, the capital of Ñuble, may be reached by the following routes:
- By automobile: From Santiago: towards the south by Route 5 (Pan-American Highway), they are 399 km (248 mi) of freeway. From Concepción: towards the east by route 152, they are 112 km (70 mi) of freeway.
- In airplane: Concepción is the nearest airport.
- In train: Terrasur of EFE (the national railway) Av. Brazil s/n Chillán Station.
Itata Valley wine regionEdit
The Itata Valley is a wine region in southern Chile and a Denomination of Origin (DO) is defined by the Chilean Appellation system, the legally defined and protected geographical indication used to identify where the grapes for a wine were grown. The valley is located in Ñuble, 420 kilometres (250 mi) from Santiago, the capital of Chile, and 65 kilometres (40 mi) of the major port of Concepción. It is the northernmost of Chile's three southern wine regions and stretches roughly 60 miles (100 km) from north to south and a similar distance from east to west, but although it is extensive, it has a low density of vineyard plantations. The area is defined by the convergence of the Itata and Ñuble Rivers, and vineyards plantations are mostly found around the towns of Chillan, Quillon and Coelemu. The valley's western border is the Pacific Ocean, which has a cooling influence over the valley due to the cold Humboldt current that runs along most of Chile's coastline. The cool Mediterranean climate suits Pais, Muscat of Alexandria and Carignan vines, and more recently, producers have begun to plant more modern grape varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon.
The soils are alluvial, made up of sand and clay from the Itata and Ñuble rivers. The region is located at a latitude of 36°S, a similar distance from the Equator as southern Spain or the central valley of California.
Grape distribution by varietalEdit
- Climate: Cool Mediterranean climate. 1,100 mm (43.3 in) of rain per year.
- Soils: Alluvial soils, clay and sand.
- Primary wines: Cabernet Sauvignon, Pais and Carignan.
|Cabernet Sauvignon: 442 ha (1093 acres)||Moscatel de Alexandria: 5,576 ha (13779 acres)||Mission: 4,572 ha (11298 acres)|
|Carignan: 98 ha (242 acres)||Semillon: 87 ha (215 acres)|
Total hectares planted: 636 ha (1,572 acres).
- "Censo 2017". Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
- "Presidenta Bachelet firma decreto que crea la Región de Ñuble" (in Spanish). La Tercera. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- "Creación de la XVI Región de Ñuble". Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
- Vega M., Nicolás Andrés. Measuring Nepotism and Overrepresentation in the Chilean Public Service: Analysis of Paucity and Diversity of Surnames (PDF) (M.Sc. thesis). Politecnico di Torino.
- "Territorial division of Chile" (PDF) (in Spanish). National Statistics Institute. 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- Itata Valley Wine Published by Wine-Searcher.com | Last updated 02-Aug-2013 by Wine-Searcher Staff retrieved October 25, 2013
- See Itata Valley Chart www.winesofchile.org all right reserved, retrieved September 23, 2013/