Los Lagos Region

Los Lagos Region (Spanish: Región de Los Lagos pronounced [loz ˈlaɣos], lit. Region of the Lakes) is one of Chile's 16 regions, which are first order administrative divisions, and comprises four provinces: Chiloé, Llanquihue, Osorno and Palena. The region contains the country's second largest island, Chiloé, and the second largest lake, Llanquihue. Its capital is Puerto Montt; other important cities include Osorno, Castro, Ancud, and Puerto Varas. The mainland portion of Los Lagos Region south of Reloncaví Sound (Palena Province) is considered part of Patagonia.

Los Lagos Region
Región de Los Lagos
Corcovado National Park
Coat of Arms of Los Lagos Region
Map of Los Lagos Region
Map of Los Lagos Region
Coordinates: 41°28′18″S 72°56′12″W / 41.47167°S 72.93667°W / -41.47167; -72.93667Coordinates: 41°28′18″S 72°56′12″W / 41.47167°S 72.93667°W / -41.47167; -72.93667
Country Chile
CapitalPuerto Montt
ProvincesOsorno, Llanquihue, Chiloé, Palena
Government
 • IntendantHarry Jürgensen Caesar (RN)
Area
 • Total48,583.6 km2 (18,758.2 sq mi)
Area rank5
Highest elevation
2,450 m (8,040 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2017 census)[1]
 • Total823,204
 • Rank7
 • Density17/km2 (44/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeCL-LL
HDI (2019)0.795[2]
high
WebsiteOfficial website (in Spanish)

Historically, the Huilliche have called this territory between Bueno River and Reloncaví Sound Futahuillimapu, meaning "great land of the south". The region hosts Monte Verde, one of the oldest archaeological sites of the Americas. The largest indigenous group of the region are the Huilliche who lived in the area before the arrival of the Spanish. The Spanish crown settled Chiloé Archipelago in 1567[3] while the rest of the region begun to be slowly colonized by non-indigenous people only in the late 18th century. In the 1850s Germans arrived to colonize the shores of Llanquihue Lake under a Chilean state-sponsored program.

Los Lagos Region economy is dominated by the service sector but based in fishing, salmon aquaculture, forestry and cattle farming. Tourism is economically important in The Andes where ski resorts, hot springs and recreational fishing are popular offers.

GeographyEdit

The region is bordered on the north by Los Ríos Region, on the south by Aisén Region, on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the east by Argentina (provinces of Neuquén, Río Negro and Chubut). Wild environments can be seen along the coastal area, such as Caleta Zorra.

DemographyEdit

The region has an area of 48,585 km2 (18,759 sq mi) and its population, according to the 2017 INE Census was 823,204, with a population density of 16.9 /km².

Principal TownsEdit

This section is translated from the corresponding Spanish page

The Región de Los Lagos has seventeen towns according to the 2017 census, of which eleven have more than 10000 inhabitants each.

No. Town Population Province
1. Puerto Montt 169 736 Llanquihue
2. Osorno 147 666 Osorno
3. Alerce 42 267 Llanquihue
4. Castro 33 417 Chiloé
5. Ancud 28 162 Chiloé
6. Puerto Varas 26 172 Llanquihue
7. Quellón 17 552 Chiloé
8. Calbuco 15 903 Llanquihue
9. Llanquihue 12 945 Llanquihue
10. Frutillar 12 876 Llanquihue
11. Purranque 12 614 Osorno
12. Los Muermos 7928 Llanquihue
13. Fresia 7328 Llanquihue
14. Dalcahue 7120 Chiloé
15. Río Negro 6978 Osorno
16. Chonchi 5632 Chiloé
17. Chaitén 1639 Palena

ClimateEdit

 
Köppen climate types in Los Lagos Region

The region, in general, has a natural vegetation of Valdivian temperate rain forest. The coastal part, except for the south of the Chiloé Island, has a temperate climate with cold winter rain. To the south, the climate is characterized by constant rain and not having dry seasons.

Protected areasEdit

Protected areas include 7 national parks, 2 private-owned parks and 2 natural monuments.

National Parks

EconomyEdit

The region is the center of aquaculture in chile.

TransportationEdit

El Tepual Airport lies a few miles west of Puerto Montt and Cañal Bajo Carlos Hott Siebert Airport a few miles east of Osorno. Also east of Osorno, the Cardenal Antonio Samoré Pass is a major mountain pass across the Andes to Argentina via Route 215.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Los Lagos Region". Government of Chile Foreign Investment Committee. Retrieved 13 March 2010.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  3. ^ Hanisch, Walter. La Isla de Chiloé. 1982. pp. 11–12.

External linksEdit