Santiago (commune)

The Commune of Santiago is the central commune of the Santiago Province, located at the center of the Santiago Metropolitan Region in Chile's Central Zone. Locally, Santiago is usually abbreviated Stgo. It is also called as "Santiago Centro" (Downtown Santiago) in order to differentiate it from Greater Santiago, a larger entity which includes Santiago Commune along with other 36 communes.

Santiago
The Skyline of Santiago Commune Financial and Commercial Center
The Skyline of Santiago Commune Financial and Commercial Center
Flag of Santiago
Coat of arms of Santiago
Location of Santiago
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Santiago
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 33°26′14″S 70°39′02″W / 33.43722°S 70.65056°W / -33.43722; -70.65056Coordinates: 33°26′14″S 70°39′02″W / 33.43722°S 70.65056°W / -33.43722; -70.65056
CountryChile
RegionSantiago Metro.
ProvinceSantiago
EstablishedFebruary 12, 1541
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • MayorIrací Hassler (PCCh)
Area
 • Total22.4 km2 (8.6 sq mi)
Elevation
579 m (1,900 ft)
Population
 (2002 Census)[4]
 • Total200,792
 • Density9,000/km2 (23,000/sq mi)
 • Urban
200,792
 • Rural
0
Sex
 • Men99,155
 • Women101,637
Time zoneUTC-4 (CLT[5])
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (CLST[6])
WebsiteMunicipality of Santiago

HistoryEdit

The city of Santiago was founded on February 12, 1541 as "Santiago de la Nueva Extremadura" by Pedro de Valdivia. It is officially the provincial, regional and national capital. It encompasses the oldest part of the city —that enclosed by old rail lines—, including downtown, and houses all major government infrastructure, including the government palace La Moneda.[7]

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, the commune has an area of 22.4 km2 (9 sq mi) and a population of 200,792 (99,155 men and 101,637 women), giving it a population density of 8,963.9/km2 (23,216/sq mi). The population shrank by 13.1% (30,185 persons) in the ten years since the 1992 population of 230,977.[4] In 2002, there were 17,514 households,[1] each with an average income of $38,648 in PPP US dollars in 2006.[citation needed]

The commune is subdivided into 29 census districts.

AdministrationEdit

As a commune, Santiago is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by a mayor who is directly elected every four years. Since 2021 the mayoress is Irací Hassler (PCCh).[2][3] The communal council has the following members:[8]

  • Dafne Concha Ferrando (PCCh)
  • Camila Davagnino Reyes (PCCh)
  • Virginia Palma Erpel (PCCh)
  • Rosario Carvajal Araya (Ind-PI)
  • Yasna Tapia Cisternas (COM)
  • Ana María Yáñez Varas (RD)
  • Marcela Urquiza Díaz (Ind-PEV)
  • Paola Melo Cea (PS)
  • Juan Mena Echeverría (RN)
  • Santiago Mekis Arnolds (RN)

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Santiago is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Gonzalo Winter (CS), Lorena Fries (Unir), Emilia Schneider (COM), Alejandra Placencia (PCCh), Helia Molina (PPD), Jorge Alessandri Vergara (UDI), María Luisa Cordero (Ind-RN) and Johannes Kaiser (PLR) as part of the 10th electoral district.[9] The commune is represented in the Senate by Fabiola Campillai Rojas (Ind), Claudia Pascual (PCCh), Luciano Cruz Coke (EVO), Manuel José Ossandon (RN) and Rojo Edwards (PLR) as part of the 7th senatorial constituency (Santiago Metropolitan Region).[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Administrative and Censual Political Division" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 September 2010.
  2. ^ a b "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Municipality of Santiago" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d "INE 2002 Census of Population and Housing" (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 September 2010.
  5. ^ "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Archived from the original on 11 September 2007. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
  6. ^ "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Archived from the original on 11 September 2007. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
  7. ^ "Santiago NATIONAL CAPITAL, CHILE".
  8. ^ "Concejo". Ilustre Municipalidad de Santiago (in Spanish). 2021-06-28. Retrieved 2022-03-17.
  9. ^ "Honorable Cámara de Diputadas y Diputados - Chile". www.camara.cl (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-03-17.
  10. ^ www.senado.cl https://www.senado.cl/appsenado/templates/senadores/regiones_2018.html#mtabrm. Retrieved 2022-03-17. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)

External linksEdit