National Assembly (Cameroon)

The National Assembly (French: Assemblée Nationale) is the lower house of the Parliament of Cameroon. It has 180 members, elected for five-year terms in 49 single and multi-seat constituencies.[3] Together with the senate, it constitutes the legislative arm of government.[4]

National Assembly

Assemblée nationale
10th Legislature
FoundedApril 10, 1960
(64 years ago)
Cavayé Yéguié Djibril, CPDM
since 31 March 1992
Seats180 members
Political groups
Government (162)
  •   CPDM (152)
  •   UNDP (7)
  •   FNSC (3)

Opposition (28)

Length of term
5 years
Mixed electoral system
First election
24 April 1964
Last election
9 February 2020[2]
Next election
Meeting place
Palace of Congress, Yaoundé
Standing Orders of the National Assembly (English)

Although multiparty elections have been held since 1992, the Cameroon People's Democratic Movement (RDPC), the ruling party since independence, has always retained control of the National Assembly. The Cameroonian political system invests overwhelming power in the hands of the President of the Republic, Paul Biya, and the RDPC exists essentially to support Biya and his policies. As a result, for most of Cameroon's history since independence, the National Assembly has done little more than approve the President's policies.

From 1992 to 1997, the RDPC relied on alliances with two smaller parties to secure a parliamentary majority. This has been the only period since independence that saw any meaningful opposition to presidential decisions. Beginning in 1997, the RDPC has won an outright majority in each election; its majorities have consistently improved as the opposition has weakened. Prior to 2013 and the creation of the Senate, the National Assembly was a unicameral chamber.

2008 constitutional changes


On 10 April 2008, the National Assembly overwhelmingly voted a bill to change the Constitution of Cameroon to provide the President of the Republic with immunity from prosecution for official acts and to allow him to run for an unlimited number of seven-year terms (it was previously limited to two terms) along with a number of other changes. The changes took place after a walk-out of the National Assembly by the opposition SDF representatives and just one month after widespread violence resulting in dozens of deaths and hundreds of arrests protesting price rises and the proposed constitutional changes.[5] Five members of parliament voted against the bill.[citation needed] Opposition lawmakers and at least one deputy from the ruling RDPC, Paul Abine Ayah, criticised the bill as a setback for democracy and the country in general.[6]

See also



  1. ^ "Parliamentary history".
  2. ^ "Biya's party maintains grip on parliament as Cameroon election results announced". RFI. 2020-02-28. Retrieved 2020-10-11.
  3. ^ "Cameroon". Parline: the IPU's Open Data Platform. 2018-07-05. Retrieved 2020-10-11.
  4. ^ "The Parliament".
  5. ^ "Cameroon assembly clears way for Biya third term". Reuters. 10 April 2008.
  6. ^ "Cameroon makes way for a king". BBC. 11 April 2008.

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