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Coordinates: 27°29′23.2″N 89°38′17.5″E / 27.489778°N 89.638194°E / 27.489778; 89.638194

The National Assembly is the elected lower house of Bhutan's new bicameral Parliament which also comprises the Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King) and the National Council. It is the more powerful house.

National Assembly
གི་རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་ཚོགས་འདུ་
Gyelyong Tshogdu
Type
Type
Leadership
Speaker
Wangchuk Namgyel, DNT
since 7 November 2018
Deputy Speaker
Tshencho Wangdi, DNT
since 7 November 2018
Lotay Tshering, DNT
since 7 November 2018
Leader of the Opposition
Pema Gyamtsho, DPT
since 7 November 2018
Structure
Seats47
2018 Assemblee nationale du Bhoutan.svg
Political groups
Government (30)
  •      DNT (30)

Opposition (17)

  •      DPT (17)
Elections
Round 1: Party-only first-past-the-post
Round 2: Two-party first-past-the-post
Last election
15 September 2018 and 18 October 2018
Meeting place
National Assembly Bhutan.jpg
Gyelyong Tshokhang, Thimphu
Website
Official Website of the National Assembly of Bhutan

Contents

Current National AssemblyEdit

The current National Assembly has 47 members, the first of which were elected in the first ever general elections on March 24, 2008. Jigme Thinley's Druk Phuensum Tshogpa (DPT) Party won a landslide victory, securing 45 seats. The People's Democratic Party (PDP) won the other two,[1] but its leader Sangay Ngedup lost the election in his constituency.[2]

Under the 2008 Constitution, the National Assembly consists of a maximum of 55 members directly elected by the citizens of constituencies within each Dzongkhag (District).[3] (Art. 12) Under this single-winner voting system, each constituency is represented by a single National Assembly member; each of the 20 Dzongkhags must be represented by between 2–7 members. Constituencies are reapportioned every 10 years.[3] (Art. 12, §§ 1–2) The National Assembly meets at least twice a year, and elects a Speaker and Deputy Speaker from among its members. Members and candidates are allowed to hold political party affiliation.

The 2013 National Assembly election resulted in a large swing to the PDP, who will hold 32 seats to the DPT's 15 when the new assembly convenes.[4]

HistoryEdit

The National Assembly was originally decreed in 1953 by King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck. The National Assembly began as a unicameral parliament within the King's framework for democratization. In 1971, King Jigme Dorji empowered the National Assembly to remove him or any of his successors with a two-thirds majority. The procedure for abdication remains a part of Bhutan's Constitution of 2008, with the addition of a three-fourth majority in a joint sitting of Parliament (i.e., including the National Council) to confirm the involuntary abdication as well as a national referendum to finalize it.[3] (Art. 2)

Electoral systemEdit

The 47 members of the National Assembly are elected from single-member constituencies. Primary elections are held in which voters cast votes for parties. The top two parties are then able to field candidates in the main round of voting, in which members are elected using first-past-the-post voting.[5]

SpeakersEdit

Complete list of Speakers of the National Assembly.[6]

Name Entered Office Left Office
Dasho Kesang Dawa 1953 1955
Dasho Thinley Dorji 1956 1963
Dasho Tamji Jagar 1964 1965
Nidup Yanglop 1966 1968
Dasho Kesang Dawa 1969 1971
Dasho Shingkhar Lam 1971 1974
Nidup Yanglop 1974 1977
Dasho Tamji Jagar 1977 1988
Lyonpo Sangye Penjor 1988 1989
Dasho Passang Dorji 1989 1997
Lyonpo Kinzang Dorji 1997 2000
Dasho Ugyen Dorji 2000 2007
Lyonpo Jigme Tshultim 2008 2013
Lyonpo Jigme Zangpo 2013 2018
Lyonpo Wangchuk Namgyel 2018 Present

ConstituenciesEdit

The 47 constituencies of the National Assembly of Bhutan were:

District Constituencies
Bumthang Chhoekhor-Tang
Chhume-Ura
Chhukha Phuentsholing
Bongo-Chapcha
Dagana Druzeygang-Tseza
Lhamoy Zingkha-Trashiding
Gasa Goenkhatoe-Laya
Goenkhamey-Lunana
Haa Bji-Katsho-Uesu
Sombaykha
Lhuentse Gangzur-Minjay
Menbi-Tshenkhar
Mongar Mongar
Dremitse-Ngatshang
Kengkhar-Weringla
Paro Lamgong-Wangchang
Doga-Shaba
Pema Gatshel Nganglam
Khar-Yurung
Nanong-Shumar
Punakha Lingmukha-Toewang
Kabji-Talo
Samdrup Jongkhar Deothang-Gomdar
Jomotshangkha-Martshala
Samtse Pagli-Samtse
Sipsu
Dorokha-Tading
Ugentse-Yoeseltse
Sarpang Shompangkha
Gelephu
Thimphu North Thimphu Throm-Kawang-Lingshi-Naro-Soe
South Thimphu Throm-Chang-Dagala-Genye-Mewang
Trashigang Radhi-Sakteng
Bartsham-Shongphu
Thrimshing Kanglung
Kanglung-Samkhar-Uzorong
Wamrong
Trashi Yangtse Bumdeling-Jamkhar
Khamdang-Ramjar
Trongsa Nubi-Tangsibji
Drakteng-Langthel
Tsirang Pataley-Tsirangtoe
Kikhorthang-Mendrelgang
Wangdue Phodrang Nyisho-Sephu
Athang-Thedtsho
Zhemgang Bardo-Trong
Panbang

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Majumdar, Bappa (March 27, 2008). "CORRECTED: Bhutan corrects poll results, opposition shrinks". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
  2. ^ "Bhutan votes for status quo", France 24, March 24, 2008
  3. ^ a b c "Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan (English)" (PDF). Government of Bhutan. 2008-07-18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2010-10-13.
  4. ^ "Bhutan's Election Commission completes polls process, hands over MP list to King". DNA India. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  5. ^ Electoral system IPU
  6. ^ Past Speakers National Assembly of Bhutan.

External linksEdit