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The Druk Gyalpo (འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་པོ་; lit. Dragon King) is the head of state of the Kingdom of Bhutan.[1] In the Dzongkha language, Bhutan is known as Drukyul which translates as "The Land of the Thunder Dragon". Thus, while Kings of Bhutan are known as Druk Gyalpo ("Dragon King"), the Bhutanese people call themselves the Drukpa, meaning "Dragon people".

Druk Gyalpo of Bhutan
Incumbent
King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (edit).jpg
Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuk
5th Dragon King
Details
StyleHis Majesty
Heir presumptiveJigme Namgyel Wangchuck
First monarchUgyen Wangchuck
Formation17 December 1907
ResidenceSamteling Palace, Thimphu

The current ruler of Bhutan is Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, the 5th Druk Gyalpo.[2] He wears the Raven Crown which is the official crown worn by the kings of Bhutan. He is correctly styled "Mi'wang 'Ngada Rimboche" ("His Majesty") and addressed "Ngada Rimboche" ("Your Majesty").[3][4]

King Jigme Khesar is the second-youngest reigning monarch in the world.[5] He ascended the throne on 6 November 2008 after his father, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, abdicated the throne in his favor.[2]

List of Druk GyalposEdit

The Hereditary Dragon Kings of Bhutan:[6]

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Ugyen
  • 1st Druk Gyalpo
1862 – 21 August 1926
(aged 64)
17 December 190721 August 1926Wangchuck 
Jigme
  • 2nd Druk Gyalpo
1905 – 24 March 1952
(aged 47)
21 August 192624 March 1952Son of UgyenWangchuck 
Jigme Dorji
  • 3rd Druk Gyalpo
(1929-05-02)2 May 1929 – 21 July 1972(1972-07-21) (aged 43)24 March 195221 July 1972Son of JigmeWangchuck 
Jigme Singye
  • 4th Druk Gyalpo
(1955-11-11) 11 November 1955 (age 63)21 July 197214 December 2006
(abdicated)
Son of Jigme DorjiWangchuck 
Jigme Khesar Namgyel
  • 5th Druk Gyalpo
(1980-02-21) 21 February 1980 (age 39)14 December 2006IncumbentSon of Jigme SingyeWangchuck 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Article 2: The Institution of Monarchy" (PDF). The Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan. ISBN 99936-754-0-7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 July 2011.
  2. ^ a b "A Legacy of Two Kings". Bhutan 2008. Archived from the original on 15 December 2010.
  3. ^ "༈ རྫོང་ཁ་ཨིང་ལིཤ་ཤན་སྦྱར་ཚིག་མཛོད། ༼མི༽" [Dzongkha-English Dictionary: "MI"]. Dzongkha-English Online Dictionary. Dzongkha Development Commission, Government of Bhutan. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  4. ^ "༈ རྫོང་ཁ་ཨིང་ལིཤ་ཤན་སྦྱར་ཚིག་མཛོད། ༼མང-༽" [Dzongkha-English Dictionary: "MNGA"]. Dzongkha-English Online Dictionary. Dzongkha Development Commission, Government of Bhutan. Archived from the original on 2 August 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  5. ^ "Himalayan state crowns youngest king in the world". France 24. 6 November 2008. Archived from the original on 31 January 2009.
  6. ^ "Hundred years of Monarchy: A walk down the memory lane". Bhutan 2008. Archived from the original on 1 March 2010.