Supreme Assembly (Uzbekistan)
The Supreme Assembly (Uzbek: Oliy Majlis, Cyrillic Олий Мажлис) is the parliament of Uzbekistan. It succeeded the Supreme Soviet in 1995, and was unicameral until a reform implemented in January 2005 created a second chamber.
Oliy Majlis / Олий Мажлис
Олий Мажлис / Oliy Mazhlis
|5th Supreme Assembly|
since 21 June 2019
Senate (100) (84 directly elected and 16 appointed by the president)
Legislative Chamber (150) (elected for 5-year terms in single-seat constituencies using the two-round system)
Senate political groups
Legislative Chamber political groups
|Government coalition (89)|
Liberal Democratic Party (53)
National Revival Democratic Party (36)
Justice Social Democratic Party (24)
People's Democratic Party (22)
Ecological Party (15)
|Party-list proportional representation|
Legislative Chamber last election
|22 December 2019 and 5 January 2020|
|Senate and Legislative Assembly Building, Tashkent|
The Legislative Chamber has 150 deputies elected from territorial constituencies. The Senate has 100 members, 84 elected from the regions, from the Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan and from the capital, Tashkent, and an additional 16 nominated by the President of Uzbekistan.
Both houses have five-year terms.
The Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek SSR (Uzbek: Ўзбекистон ССР Олий Совети, Russian: Верховный Совет Узбекской ССР) operated in the country during the Soviet era as its main legislature. Since its establishment in July 1938, when it succeeded the All-Uzbek Congress of Soviets, it has held 12 convocations:
- 1rst convocation (1938–1946)
- 2nd convocation (1947–1950)
- 3rd convocation (1951–1954)
- 4th convocation (1955–1959)
- 5th convocation (1959–1962)
- 6th convocation (1963–1966)
- 7th convocation (1967–1970)
- 8th convocation (1971–1974)
- 9th convocation (1975–1979)
- 10th convocation (1980–1984)
- 11th convocation (1985–1989)
- 12th convocation (1990–1994)
On 31 August 1991, during an extraordinary 6th session of the Supreme Soviet, the independence and sovereignty of Uzbekistan was proclaimed. In 1992, the Soviet was renamed to reflect the country's new independence status. After the last convocation, the Supreme Soviet was dissolved and converted in to the Supreme Assembly in February 1995.
From February 1995 to January 2005, the Chairman of the unicameral Supreme Assembly of Uzbekistan was Erkin Khalilov, who had been Acting Chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 1993 to 1995. Since 2005 the Senate and Legislative Chamber have each had their own presiding officer.
Speaker of the Legislative ChamberEdit
- Erkin Khalilov (January 27, 2005 – January 23, 2008)
- Diloram Tashmukhamedova (January 23, 2008 – January 12, 2015)
- Nuriddinjon Ismailov [uz] (since January 12, 2015, Incumbent)
Chairman of the SenateEdit
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs website Archived 2009-04-14 at the Wayback Machine
- Legislative Chamber website
- "President Islam Karimov Attends the First Meeting of the Lower House". UzA. 2015-01-15. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
- Senate website
- "Uzbekistan's Senate Convenes for Its First Meeting". UzA. 2015-01-23. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
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