People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan

The People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (Uzbek: O'zbekistan Xalq Demokratik Partiyasi, O'zXDP) is a political party in Uzbekistan. It was founded in 1991 as the legal successor of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan. Under its founder Islam Karimov, it oversaw the dissolution of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic and the establishment of the Republic of Uzbekistan. After Karimov resigned from the party in 1996[1] and later formed the Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party, it lost its ruling party status.[2]

People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan
O'zbekistan Xalq Demokratik Partiyasi
AbbreviationXDP
PresidentUlugbek Inoyatov
FounderIslam Karimov
Founded1 November 1991; 30 years ago (1991-11-01)
Registered1 December 1991; 30 years ago (1991-12-01)
Preceded byCommunist Party of Uzbekistan
HeadquartersTashkent
NewspaperOzbekiston Ovozi
Youth wingIstikbol
Women's wingFaol Ayollar
Membership (2009)368,214
IdeologySocial democracy
Political positionCentre-left
Colours  Purple
Legislative Chamber
22 / 150
Senate
28 / 100
Website
xdp.uz

While nominally a centre-left, social democratic party, it is one of the four pro-government parties.
  Green was the party colour until 2021.

The party identifies with social democracy and centre-left politics, and is the more left-wing party in the Legislative Chamber of Uzbekistan. It promotes egalitarianism and a regulated social market economy within a welfare state, while supporting non-interventionism in foreign policy. Its core supporters are people who rely on social welfare, pensioners, people with disabilities, and employees;[3] despite this, it is one of the four parties who acts as a pro-government opposition.[4]

HistoryEdit

 
Party logo until 2021

The party was founded in October 1991 after the Communist Party of Uzbekistan voted to cut its ties with the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. It has been led by president Islam Karimov since its foundation until 1996, at which point Karimov stepped down and resigned his membership.[1]

Karimov created the Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party (UzLiDeP) in 2003, and despite self-identifying with different ideologies, the parties are widely seen no different from each other, with the UzLiDeP being created to give an illusion of a competitive multi-party system; this is supported by the fact that XDP has remained supportive of Karimov's policies and retained his favor.[1] In 2013, Hotamzhon Ketmonov was elected chairman of XDP.[5][6]

After the 2014–15 Uzbek parliamentary election, the party positioned at the parliamentary opposition of the centre-right, ruling party, UzLiDeP, and the Uzbekistan National Revival Democratic Party, a right-wing and moderate national conservative-oriented party. [3] Ketmonov ran as the party's candidate in the 2015 Uzbek presidential election, receiving 2.92% of the vote.[7]

In the 2021 Uzbek presidential election, Maqsuda Vorisova pledged to solve issues regarding education and medicine,[8] and ran in a series of platforms related to egalitarian and social priorities in spheres to living standards, justice and equality, and democracy,[9] which were seem to have correlated with the Nordic model.[10] Although losing the race to incumbent Shavkat Mirziyoyev, Vorisova became one of the runner ups in the election, earning second place with 6.6% vote share, making her the first person since Muhammad Salih in 1991 to gain more than 5% as a highest-performing non incumbent in the presidential vote.[11]

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Candidate Votes % Votes % Result
First round Second round
1991 Islam Karimov 8,514,136 87.1% Elected  Y
2000 Abdulhafiz Jalolov 505,161 4.3% Lost  N
2007 Asliddin Rustamov 468,064 3.27% Lost  N
2015 Khatamjan Ketmanov 552,309 2.92% Lost  N
2016 669,187 3.73% Lost  N
2021 Maqsuda Vorisova 1,075,01 6.7% Lost  N

Legislative Chamber electionsEdit

Election Seats +/– Position
1994–95
69 / 250
  69   2nd
1999
49 / 250
  20   2nd
2004–05
28 / 120
  21   2nd
2009–10
32 / 135
  4   2nd
2014–15
27 / 150
  5   3rd
2019–20
22 / 150
  5   4th

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Lansford, Tom (2015). Political Handbook of the World 2015. SAGE Publications. ISBN 9781483371580. Retrieved 2 November 2021 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ Gunnar Songstad, Nils (2005). "The Republic of Uzbekistan: Parliamentary Elections – 2004" (PDF). Norwegian Centre for Human Rights. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 April 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  3. ^ a b "What ideas do political parties advance?". The Permanent Mission of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the United Nations. 15 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  4. ^ Abdurasulov, Abdujalil (20 December 2019). "Questions over Uzbekistan's new era of 'openness'". BBC News. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  5. ^ "Biography of Hotamzhon Abdurahmonovich Ketmonov, the candidate for the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan". Embassay of Uzbekistan in the United States. 28 February 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  6. ^ "Biography of Hotamzhon Abdurahmonovich Ketmonov, the candidate for the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan". The Permanent Mission of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the United Nations. 25 November 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  7. ^ Saipov, Zabikhulla (19 January 2016). "Quiet Changes In Uzbek Presidential Election Law Come As New Year's Surprise". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  8. ^ "Presidential candidate Maksuda Vorisova: I am an ordinary mother, an ordinary woman who knows about the problems of the people from the inside". Uzreport News. Uzreport TV. 8 August 2021. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  9. ^ "Saylovoldi dasturi" [Electoral program] (in Uzbek). People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan. August 2021. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  10. ^ "Skandinavskiy sotsializm. Kakoye budushcheye dlya Uzbekistana gotova postroit' kandidat v prezidenty Maksuda Varisova" Скандинавский социализм. Какое будущее для Узбекистана готова построить кандидат в президенты Максуда Варисова [Scandinavian socialism. What future for Uzbekistan is the presidential candidate Maksud Varisova ready to build?]. Podrobno (in Russian). 18 September 2021. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  11. ^ "Uzbekistan: Mirziyoyev romps to victory, but with reduced vote share". Eurasianet. 25 October 2021. Retrieved 2 November 2021.

External linksEdit