Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party

The Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party (UzLiDeP) (Uzbek: Oʻzbekiston Liberal Demokratik Partisi, OʻzLiDeP) is a political party in Uzbekistan and the country's ruling party. The four other parties in the Oliy Majlis, Uzbekistan's parliament, are pro-government.[2]

Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party
Oʻzbekiston Liberal Demokratik Partiyasi
AbbreviationUzLiDeP
Official leaderAbdulla Aripov
PresidentShavkat Mirziyoyev
FoundedNovember 15, 2003; 18 years ago (2003-11-15)
Split fromPeople's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan
HeadquartersMirobod tumani, 700015 Tashkent
NewspaperXXI asr
Youth wingUzLiDeP Youth Wing
Membership (2016)324,881
IdeologyEconomic liberalism[a]
Secularism[1]
Nationalism[1]
National affiliationBloc of Democratic Forces
Colours  Azure
Legislative Chamber
53 / 150
Senate
41 / 100
Party flag
Flag of the Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party (mid-2021).png
Website
uzlidep.uz
Logo until mid-2021
Logo during the summer of 2021

HistoryEdit

The party was founded in 2003 by Islam Karimov as a split from People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan, which was led by Karimov from 1991 to until 1996, at which point Karimov stepped down and resigned his membership.[3]

Despite self-identifying with different ideologies, the parties are seen as no different from each other, with the Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party being created to give an illusion of a competitive multi-party system; this is supported by the fact that the People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan has remained supportive of Karimov's policies and retained his favor.[4]

IdeologyEdit

As the party of the middle class and private property owners, as well as businesspeople, farmers, and the service sector, it promotes economic liberalism and economic liberalization, having liberalized the foreign currency market. The party is nominally liberal and promotes liberal democratic values;[5] however, its liberal practice on economic issues has not been reflected in practice at the political level, as it has ruled an authoritarian state, despite reforms following the death of long-time leader Islam Karimov in 2016.[2]

Electoral historyEdit

During the 2004–05 Uzbek parliamentary election, the party won 41 out of 120 seats. In the 2009–10 Uzbek parliamentary election, it won 55 out of 150. It has allied with the Uzbekistan National Revival Democratic Party, a conservative and right-wing party.[2]

In October, the party said that it intended to nominate President Islam Karimov as its candidate in the 2007 Uzbek presidential election, although many considered Karimov to be legally ineligible to run for another term.[6] On 6 November, Karimov was unanimously chosen as the party's presidential candidate at a party convention in Tashkent, and Karimov accepted the nomination.[7] Karimov remained the president until his death in 2016. After the death of Karimov, long-time prime minister and party member Shavkat Mirziyoyev won the 2016 Uzbek presidential election to finish out Karimov's term.[2] Mirziyoyev was re-elected in the 2021 Uzbek presidential election.[8]

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Party candidate Votes % Votes % Result
First round Second round
2007 Islam Karimov 13,008,357 90.8% Elected  Y
2015 17,122,597 90.4% Elected  Y
2016 Shavkat Mirziyoyev 15,906,724 88.6% Elected  Y
2021 12,988,964 80.3% Elected  Y

Legislative Chamber electionsEdit

Election Leader Seats +/– Position
2004–05
41 / 120
  41   1st
2009–10 Muhammadusuf Teshabaev
53 / 135
  12   1st
2014–15 Sodiqjon Turdiev
52 / 150
  1   1st
2019–20 Aktam Haitov
53 / 150
  1   1st

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ See also § Ideology.
  1. ^ a b McCullough, Aoife (July 2015). "The legitimacy of states and armed non-state actors".
  2. ^ a b c d Abdurasulov 2019.
  3. ^ Lansford 2015, pp. 1601.
  4. ^ Lansford 2015, p. 1604.
  5. ^ United Nations 2016.
  6. ^ Saidazimova 2007.
  7. ^ Sharifov 2007.
  8. ^ Eurasianet 2021.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit