Ecolo, officially Écologistes Confédérés pour l'organisation de luttes originales, (English: Confederate ecologists for the organization of original struggles) is a French-speaking political party in Belgium based on green politics.[1][2] The party is active in Wallonia, the Brussels-Capital Region, and the German-speaking Community of Belgium.

Ecolo
LeaderRajae Maouane and Jean-Marc Nollet [fr]
Founded1980
HeadquartersEspace Kegeljan
Av. de Marlagne 52, Namur
IdeologyGreen politics[1][2]
Political positionCentre-left[3] to left-wing[4]
European affiliationEuropean Green Party
International affiliationGlobal Greens
European Parliament groupThe Greens–European Free Alliance
Flemish counterpartGroen
ColoursGreen
Chamber of Representatives
(French-speaking seats)
13 / 61
Senate
(French-speaking seats)
5 / 24
Parliament of Wallonia
12 / 75
Parliament of the French Community
16 / 94
Brussels Parliament
(French-speaking seats)
15 / 72
Parliament of the German-speaking Community
3 / 25
European Parliament
(French-speaking seats)
2 / 8
Website
www.ecolo.be

Ecolo's Flemish equivalent is Groen; the two parties maintain close relations with each other.

NameEdit

Ecolo is officially a backronym for Écologistes Confédérés pour l'organisation de luttes originales "Confederated Ecologists for the Organisation of Original Struggles", but is really just short for écologistes, French for environmentalists.

HistoryEdit

 
Then- co-party leaders Zakia Khattabi and Patrick Dupriez in March 2015

Ecolo was part of the 1999 Verhofstadt I Government, but withdrew from the coalition before the 2003 general election, which saw it lose nearly two thirds of its 14 federal parliamentary seats in the face of a resurgent Socialist Party. The party made quite a comeback, however, in the 2007 general election, though failing to match the peak popularity it had enjoyed in 1999. In the general election of 10 June 2007, the party won eight out of 150 seats in the Chamber of Representatives and two out of the 40 directly elected seats in the Senate.

In the 2010 elections the party again won eight seats in the Chamber of Representatives and two in the Senate.[5]

Electoral resultsEdit

Chamber of RepresentativesEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/- Government
1977[6] 3,834 0.1
0 / 212
  0 Extra-parliamentary
1978[7] 21,224 0.4
0 / 212
  0 Extra-parliamentary
1981[8] 132,312 2.2
2 / 212
  2 Opposition
1985[9] 152,483 2.5
5 / 212
  3 Opposition
1987[10] 157,988 2.6
3 / 212
  2 Opposition
1991[11] 312,624 5.1
10 / 212
  7 Opposition
1995[12] 243,362 4.0
6 / 150
  4 Opposition
1999[13] 457,281 7.4
11 / 150
  5 Coalition
2003[14] 201,118 3.1
4 / 150
  7 Opposition
2007[15] 340,378 5.1
8 / 150
  4 Opposition
2010[16] 313,047 4.8
8 / 150
  0 Opposition
2014[17] 222,524 3.3
6 / 150
  2 Opposition
2019[18] 416,452 6.1
13 / 150
  7 External support (2020)
Coalition (2020-)

SenateEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/-
1977[19] 7,558 0.1
0 / 106
1978[20] 43,883 0.8
0 / 106
 
1981[21] 153,989 2.6
3 / 106
  3
1985[22] 163,361 2.7
2 / 106
  1
1987[23] 168,491 2.8
2 / 106
 
1991[24] 323,683 5.3
6 / 106
  4
1995[25] 258,635 4.3
2 / 40
  4
1999[26] 458,658 7.4
3 / 40
  1
2003[27] 208,868 3.2
1 / 40
  2
2007 385,466 5.8
2 / 40
  1
2010 353,111 5.5
2 / 40
  0

RegionalEdit

Brussels ParliamentEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/- Government
F.E.C. Overall
1989 44,874 10.2 (#5)
8 / 75
Opposition
1995 37,308 9.0 (#4)
7 / 75
  1 Opposition
1999 77,969 21.3 (#2) 18.3 (#2)
14 / 75
  7 Opposition
2004 37,908 9.7 (#4) 8.3 (#4)
7 / 89
  1 Coalition
2009 82,663 20.2 (#3) 17.9 (#3)
16 / 89
  9 Coalition
2014 41,368 10.1 (#5) 8.9 (#5)
8 / 89
  8 Opposition
2019 74,246 19.1 (#2) 16.2 (#2)
15 / 89
  7 Coalition

German-speaking Community ParliamentEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/- Government
1990 5,897 15.0 (#5)
4 / 25
Opposition
1995 5,128 13.9 (#4)
3 / 25
  1 Opposition
1999 4,694 12.7 (#5)
3 / 25
  0 Coalition
2004 2,972 8.2 (#5)
2 / 25
  1 Opposition
2009 4,310 11.5 (#5)
3 / 25
  1 Opposition
2014 3,591 9.5 (#6)
2 / 25
  1 Opposition
2019 4,902 12.5 (#5)
3 / 25
  1 Opposition

Walloon ParliamentEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/- Government
1995 196,988 10.4 (#4)
8 / 75
Opposition
1999 347,225 18.2 (#3)
14 / 75
  6 Coalition
2004 167,916 8.5 (#4)
3 / 75
  11 Opposition
2009 372,067 18.5 (#3)
14 / 75
  11 Coalition
2014 141,813 8.6 (#4)
4 / 75
  10 Opposition
2019 294,631 14.5 (#3)
12 / 75
  8 Coalition

European ParliamentEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/-
F.E.C. G.E.C. F.E.C. G.E.C. Overall
1979 107,833 5.1 (#5)
0 / 24
1984 220,663 9.9 (#4)
1 / 24
  1
1989 371,053 16.6 (#4)
2 / 24
  1
1994 290,859 5,714 13.0 (#4) 14.9 (#4)
1 / 25
  1
1999 525,316 6,276 22.7 (#3) 17.0 (#3) 8.4
3 / 25
  2
2004 239,687 3,880 9.8 (#4) 10.5 (#4) 3.7
1 / 24
  2
2009 562,081 6,025 22.9 (#3) 15.6 (#3) 8.6
2 / 22
  1
2014 285,196 6,429 11.7 (#3) 16.7 (#2) 4.3
1 / 21
  1
2019 485,655 6,675 19.9 (#2) 16.4 (#2) 7.2
2 / 21
  1

Elected politiciansEdit

CurrentEdit

European Parliament

Chamber of Representatives

  • 2010 – 2014:
  1. Ronny Balcaen
  2. Juliette Boulet
  3. Olivier Deleuze (resigned in 2012; replaced by Lahssaini Fouad)
  4. Zoé Genot
  5. Muriel Gerkens
  6. George Gilkinet
  7. Eric Jadot
  8. Thérèse Snoy et d'Oppuers

Brussels-Capital Region Parlement

  • 2009 – 2014:
  1. Aziz Albishari
  2. Dominique Braeckman
  3. Jean-Claude Defosse
  4. Céline Delforge
  5. Anne Dirix
  6. Anne Herscovici
  7. Zakia Khattabi
  8. Vincent Lurquin
  9. Alain Maron
  10. Jacques Morel
  11. Ahmed Mouhssin
  12. Marie Nagy
  13. Yaron Pesztat
  14. Arnaud Pinxteren
  15. Barbara Trachte
  16. Vincent Vanhalewyn

PastEdit

Chamber of Representatives

  • 1995 – 1999:
  1. Philippe Dallons
  2. Olivier Deleuze
  3. Thierry Detienne
  4. Mylène Nys (20 April 1999) (replaced Vincent Decroly)
  5. Martine Schüttringer
  6. Jean-Pierre Viseur
  • 1999 – 2003:
  1. Marie-Thérèse Coenen
  2. Martine Dardenne
  3. Vincent Decroly
  4. Olivier DeleuzeZoé Genot (14 July 1999)
  5. Thierry DetienneMuriel Gerkens (23 July 1999)
  6. Claudine Drion
  7. Michèle Gilkinet
  8. Mirella Minne
  9. Géraldine Pelzer-Salandra
  10. Paul TimmermansBernard Baille (1 September 2002)
  11. Jean-Pierre ViseurGérard Gobert (10 January 2001)
  • 2003–2007:
  1. Zoé Genot (replaced Olivier Deleuze)
  2. Muriel Gerkens
  3. Gérard Gobert (replaced Jean-Marc Nollet)
  4. Marie Nagy
  • 2007–2010:
  1. Juliette Boulet
  2. Zoé Genot
  3. Muriel Gerkens
  4. Georges Gilkinet
  5. Philippe Henry
  6. Fouad Lahssaini
  7. Jean-Marc Nollet
  8. Thérèse Snoy et d'Oppuers

Brussels-Capital Region Parlement

  • 2004–2009:
  1. Dominique Braeckman
  2. Alain Daems
  3. Céline Delforge
  4. Christos Doulkeridis
  5. Josy Dubié
  6. Paul Galand
  7. Yaron Pesztat

Important figuresEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Wallonia/Belgium". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  2. ^ a b Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko; Matti Mälkiä (2007). Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Idea Group Inc (IGI). pp. 397–. ISBN 978-1-59140-790-4. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
  3. ^ Delwit, Pascal; van Haute, Emilie (2008). "Greens in a rainbow: The impact of participation in government of the Green parties in Belgium". New Parties in Government: In power for the first time. London: Routledge. pp. 104–120. ISBN 978-1134136407. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  4. ^ van Haute, Emily, ed. (28 April 2016). Green Parties in Europe. Routledge. p. 49. ISBN 9781317124542. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  5. ^ IBZ: Official Results, retrieved 20 August 2010
  6. ^ "Date: 17-04-1977 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1977-04-17. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  7. ^ "Date: 17-12-1978 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1978-12-17. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  8. ^ "Date: 08-11-1981 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1981-11-08. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  9. ^ "Date: 13-10-1985 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1985-10-13. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  10. ^ "Date: 13-12-1987 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1987-12-13. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  11. ^ "Date: 24-11-1991 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1991-11-24. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  12. ^ "Date: 21-05-1995 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1995-05-21. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  13. ^ "Date: 13-06-1999 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1999-06-13. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  14. ^ "Date: 18-05-2003 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 2003-05-18. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  15. ^ "Elections 2007 - Chamber - List Results Kingdom -". Federal Public Service Interior. 2007-06-29. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  16. ^ "Elections 2010 - Chamber - List Results Kingdom -". Federal Public Service Interior. 2010-07-08. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  17. ^ "Elections 2014 - Chamber - List Results Kingdom -". Federal Public Service Interior. 2014-06-06. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  18. ^ "Vlaams Belang haalt een kwart méér stemmen dan PS, maar krijgt twee zetels mínder: hoe kan dat?". De Morgen. 2019-05-28. Retrieved 2021-01-02.
  19. ^ "Date: 17-04-1977 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1977-04-17. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  20. ^ "Date: 17-12-1978 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1978-12-17. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  21. ^ "Date: 08-11-1981 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1981-11-08. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  22. ^ "Date: 13-10-1985 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1985-10-13. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  23. ^ "Date: 13-12-1987 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1987-12-13. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  24. ^ "Date: 24-11-1991 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1991-11-24. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  25. ^ "Date: 21-05-1995 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1995-05-21. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  26. ^ "Date: 13-06-1999 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1999-06-13. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  27. ^ "Date: 18-05-2003 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 2003-05-18. Retrieved 2019-03-11.