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Ecolo is a French-speaking political party in Belgium based on green politics.[1][2] The party is active in Wallonia, the Brussels-Capital Region, and the German-speaking Community of Belgium.

Ecolo
LeaderZakia Khattabi and Jean-Marc Nollet [fr]
Founded1980
HeadquartersEspace Kegeljan
Av. de Marlagne 52, Namur
IdeologyGreen politics[1][2]
Political positionLeft-wing[3]
European affiliationEuropean Green Party
International affiliationGlobal Greens
European Parliament groupThe Greens–European Free Alliance
Flemish counterpartGroen
ColoursGreen
Chamber of Representatives
(French-speaking seats)
13 / 63
Senate
{(French-speaking seats)
3 / 24
Parliament of Wallonia
4 / 75
Parliament of the French Community
6 / 94
Brussels Parliament
(French-speaking seats)
8 / 72
Parliament of the German-speaking Community
2 / 25
European Parliament
(French-speaking seats)
2 / 8
Website
www.ecolo.be

Ecolo's Flemish equivalent is Groen; the two parties maintain close relations with each other.

NameEdit

Ecolo is officially a backronym for Écologistes Confédérés pour l'organisation de luttes originales "Confederated ecologists for the organisation of original struggles", but is really just short for écologistes, French for environmentalists.

HistoryEdit

 
Then- co-party leaders Zakia Khattabi and Patrick Dupriez [fr] in March 2015

Ecolo was part of the 1999 Verhofstadt I Government, but withdrew from the coalition before the 2003 general election, which saw it lose nearly two thirds of its 14 federal parliamentary seats in the face of a resurgent Socialist Party. The party made quite a comeback, however, in the 2007 general election, though failing to match the peak popularity it had enjoyed in 1999. In the general election of 10 June 2007, the party won eight out of 150 seats in the Chamber of Representatives and two out of the 40 directly elected seats in the Senate.

In the 2010 elections the party again won eight seats in the Chamber of Representatives and two in the Senate.[4]

Electoral resultsEdit

Federal Parliament (Chamber of Representatives) and SenateEdit

year of
general
election
Chamber of Representatives Federal Government Senate
# of
votes for
this party
# of
total valid
votes for all
parties
% of
overall
valid vote
# of
overall
seats won
+/– relationship of
this party to the gov.
# of
votes for
this party
# of
total valid
votes for all
parties
% of
overall
valid vote
# of
overall
seats won
+/–
1977

[5][6]

3,834 5,575,058 0.07
0 / 212
  0 not in parliament 7,558 5,525,971 0.14
0 / 106
 
1978

[7][8]

21,224 5,535,631 0.38
0 / 212
  0 not in parliament 43,883 5,479,246 0.80
0 / 106
 
1981

[9][10]

132,312 6,025,027 2.20
2 / 212
  2 in opposition 153,989 5,968,429 2.58
3 / 106
  3
1985

[11][12]

152,483 6,064,260 2.51
5 / 212
  3 in opposition 163,361 5,994,431 2.73
2 / 106
  1
1987

[13][14]

157,988 6,145,207 2.57
3 / 212
  2 in opposition 168,491 6,092,168 2.77
2 / 106
  0
1991

[15][16]

312,624 6,162,160 5.07
10 / 212
  7 in opposition of
Dehaene I government
323,683 6,117,614 5.29
6 / 106
  4
1995

[17][18]

243,362 6,072,051 4.01
6 / 150
  4 in opposition of
Dehaene II government
258,635 5,992,325 4.32
2 / 106
  4
1999

[19][20]

457,281 6,214,074 7.36
11 / 150
  5 in coalition of
Verhofstadt I Government
458,658 6,194,371 7.40
3 / 40
  1
2003

[21][22]

201,118 6,572,189 3.06
4 / 150
  7 in opposition of
Verhofstadt II Government
208,868 6,551,511 3.19
1 / 40
  2
2007

[23]

340,378 6,671,360 5.10
8 / 150
  4 in opposition of
Verhofstadt III Government,
Leterme I Government,
Van Rompuy Government
and Leterme II Government
385,466 5.8
2 / 40
  1
2010

[24]

313,047 6,527,367 4.80
8 / 150
  0 in opposition of
Di Rupo Government
353,111 5.5
2 / 40
  0
2014

[25]

222,524 6,744,547 3.30
6 / 150
  2 in opposition of
Michel I Government
2019

[26]

416,452 6.14
13 / 150
  7 TBA

Regional parliamentsEdit

Brussels ParliamentEdit

Election year No. of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of language
group vote
No. of
overall seats won
No. of language
group seats won
+/– Government
1989 44,874 10.24 (#5)
8 / 75
in opposition
1995 37,308 9.03 (#4)
7 / 75
  1 in opposition
1999 77,969 18.3 (#2)
14 / 75
  7 in opposition
2004 37,908 9.7 (#4)
7 / 89
7 / 72
  1 in coalition
2009 82,663 20.2 (#3)
16 / 89
16 / 72
  9 in coalition
2014 41,368 10.11 (#5)
8 / 89
8 / 72
  8 in opposition

German-speaking Community ParliamentEdit

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of language
group vote
# of
overall seats won
# of language
group seats won
+/– Government
1990 5,897 15.0 (#5)
4 / 25
in opposition
1995 5,128 13.9 (#4)
3 / 25
  1 in opposition
1999 4,694 12.7 (#5)
3 / 25
  0 in coalition
2004 2,972 8.2 (#5)
2 / 25
  1 in opposition
2009 4,310 11.5 (#5)
3 / 25
  1 in opposition
2014 3,591 9.5 (#6)
2 / 25
  1 in opposition

Walloon ParliamentEdit

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of language
group vote
# of
overall seats won
# of language
group seats won
+/– Government
1995 196,988 10.4 (#4)
8 / 75
in opposition
1999 347,225 18.2 (#3)
14 / 75
  6 in coalition
2004 167,916 8.5 (#4)
3 / 75
  11 in opposition
2009 372,067 18.54 (#3)
14 / 75
  11 in coalition
2014 141,813 8.62 (#4)
4 / 75
  10 in opposition
2019 294,631 14.48 (#3)
12 / 75
  8 TBA

European ParliamentEdit

French-speaking electoral college

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of electoral
college vote
# of
overall seats won
# of electoral
college seats won
+/–
1979 107,833 2.0 5.1 (#5)
0 / 24
0 / 11
1984 220,663 9.9 (#4)
1 / 24
1 / 11
  1
1989 371,053 16.6 (#4)
2 / 24
2 / 11
  1
1994 290,859 13.0 (#4)
1 / 25
1 / 10
  1
1999 525,316 22.7 (#3)
3 / 25
3 / 10
  2
2004 239,687 9.8 (#4)
1 / 24
1 / 9
  2
2009 562,081 22.9 (#3)
2 / 22
2 / 8
  1
2014 284,656 11.7 (#3)
1 / 21
1 / 8
  1

German-speaking electoral college

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of electoral
college vote
# of
overall seats won
# of electoral
college seats won
+/–
1994 5,714 14.9 (#4)
0 / 25
0 / 1
1999 6,276 17.0 (#3)
0 / 25
0 / 1
  0
2004 3,880 10.5 (#4)
0 / 24
0 / 1
  0
2009 6,025 15.6 (#3)
0 / 22
0 / 1
  0

Elected politiciansEdit

CurrentEdit

European Parliament

Chamber of Representatives

  • 2010 – 2014:
  1. Ronny Balcaen
  2. Juliette Boulet
  3. Olivier Deleuze (resigned in 2012; replaced by Lahssaini Fouad)
  4. Zoé Genot
  5. Muriel Gerkens
  6. George Gilkinet
  7. Eric Jadot
  8. Thérèse Snoy et d'Oppuers

Brussels-Capital Region Parlement

  • 2009 – 2014:
  1. Aziz Albishari
  2. Dominique Braeckman
  3. Jean-Claude Defosse
  4. Céline Delforge
  5. Anne Dirix
  6. Anne Herscovici
  7. Zakia Khattabi
  8. Vincent Lurquin
  9. Alain Maron
  10. Jacques Morel
  11. Ahmed Mouhssin
  12. Marie Nagy
  13. Yaron Pesztat
  14. Arnaud Pinxteren
  15. Barbara Trachte
  16. Vincent Vanhalewyn

PastEdit

Chamber of Representatives

  • 1995 – 1999:
  1. Philippe Dallons
  2. Olivier Deleuze
  3. Thierry Detienne
  4. Mylène Nys (20 April 1999) (replaced Vincent Decroly)
  5. Martine Schüttringer
  6. Jean-Pierre Viseur
  • 1999 – 2003:
  1. Marie-Thérèse Coenen
  2. Martine Dardenne
  3. Vincent Decroly
  4. Olivier DeleuzeZoé Genot (14 July 1999)
  5. Thierry DetienneMuriel Gerkens (23 July 1999)
  6. Claudine Drion
  7. Michèle Gilkinet
  8. Mirella Minne
  9. Géraldine Pelzer-Salandra
  10. Paul TimmermansBernard Baille (1 September 2002)
  11. Jean-Pierre ViseurGérard Gobert (10 January 2001)
  • 2003–2007:
  1. Zoé Genot (replaced Olivier Deleuze)
  2. Muriel Gerkens
  3. Gérard Gobert (replaced Jean-Marc Nollet)
  4. Marie Nagy
  • 2007–2010:
  1. Juliette Boulet
  2. Zoé Genot
  3. Muriel Gerkens
  4. Georges Gilkinet
  5. Philippe Henry
  6. Fouad Lahssaini
  7. Jean-Marc Nollet
  8. Thérèse Snoy et d'Oppuers

Brussels-Capital Region Parlement

  • 2004–2009:
  1. Dominique Braeckman
  2. Alain Daems
  3. Céline Delforge
  4. Christos Doulkeridis
  5. Josy Dubié
  6. Paul Galand
  7. Yaron Pesztat

Important figuresEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2019). "Wallonia/Belgium". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  2. ^ a b Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko; Matti Mälkiä (2007). Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Idea Group Inc (IGI). pp. 397–. ISBN 978-1-59140-790-4. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
  3. ^ van Haute, Emily, ed. (28 April 2016). Green Parties in Europe. Routledge. p. 49. ISBN 9781317124542. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  4. ^ IBZ: Official Results, retrieved 20 August 2010
  5. ^ "Date: 17-04-1977 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1977-04-17. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  6. ^ "Date: 17-04-1977 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1977-04-17. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  7. ^ "Date: 17-12-1978 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1978-12-17. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  8. ^ "Date: 17-12-1978 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1978-12-17. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  9. ^ "Date: 08-11-1981 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1981-11-08. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  10. ^ "Date: 08-11-1981 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1981-11-08. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  11. ^ "Date: 13-10-1985 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1985-10-13. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  12. ^ "Date: 13-10-1985 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1985-10-13. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  13. ^ "Date: 13-12-1987 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1987-12-13. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  14. ^ "Date: 13-12-1987 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1987-12-13. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  15. ^ "Date: 24-11-1991 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1991-11-24. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  16. ^ "Date: 24-11-1991 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1991-11-24. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  17. ^ "Date: 21-05-1995 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1995-05-21. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  18. ^ "Date: 21-05-1995 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1995-05-21. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  19. ^ "Date: 13-06-1999 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1999-06-13. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  20. ^ "Date: 13-06-1999 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 1999-06-13. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  21. ^ "Date: 18-05-2003 / Type d'élection: Chambre / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 2003-05-18. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  22. ^ "Date: 18-05-2003 / Type d'élection: Sénat / Type de circonscription: Royaume / Circonscription: Le Royaume". www.ibzdgip.fgov.be (in French). Vrije Universiteit Brussel. 2003-05-18. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  23. ^ "Elections 2007 - Chamber - List Results Kingdom -". Federal Public Service Interior. 2007-06-29. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  24. ^ "Elections 2010 - Chamber - List Results Kingdom -". Federal Public Service Interior. 2010-07-08. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  25. ^ "Elections 2014 - Chamber - List Results Kingdom -". Federal Public Service Interior. 2014-06-06. Retrieved 2019-03-11.
  26. ^ "Privacy settings". myprivacy.persgroep.net. Retrieved 4 June 2019.