Centre-Val de Loire (/ˌvæl də ˈlwɑːr/, /ˌvɑːl-/, French pronunciation: [sɑ̃tʁə val lwaʁ],[Notes 1] lit.'Centre-Loire Valley') or Centre Region (French: région Centre, [ʁeʒjɔ̃ sɑ̃tʁ]), as it was known until 2015, is one of the eighteen administrative regions of France. It straddles the middle Loire Valley in the interior of the country, with a population of 2,572,853 as of 2018. Its prefecture is Orléans, and its largest city is Tours.

Centre-Val de Loire
The Loire river as it passes through Orléans
The Loire river as it passes through Orléans
Flag of Centre-Val de Loire
Coat of arms of Centre-Val de Loire
Country France
 • President of the Regional CouncilFrançois Bonneau (PS)
 • Total39,151 km2 (15,116 sq mi)
 • Rank7th
 • Total2,573,303
 • Density66/km2 (170/sq mi)
 • Total€78.343 billion
 • Per capita€30,500
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-CVL
NUTS RegionFR2
Largest cityTours

Naming and etymology edit

Logo used until 2015

Like many contemporary regions of France, the region of Centre-Val de Loire was created from parts of historical provinces: Touraine, Orléanais and Berry. First, the name Centre was chosen by the government purely on the basis of geography, in reference to its location in northwest-central France (the central part of the original French language area).

However, Centre is not situated in the geographical centre of France (except the Cher department); the name was criticised as being too dull and nondescript.[citation needed] Proposed names for the region included Val de Loire after the Loire Valley (the main feature of the region) or Cœur de Loire (Heart of Loire).[citation needed] On 17 January 2015, as part of the reorganisation of French regions, the region's official name was changed to Centre-Val de Loire.[3] Val de Loire is associated with positive images of the Loire Valley, such as the châteaux, the gentle and refined lifestyle, wine, as well as the mild and temperate climate, all of which attract many tourists to the region. A new logo was also created.

Geography edit

The regions Centre-Val de Loire and Île-de-France and their departments on the background of historical provinces

Bordering six other regions, Centre-Val-de-Loire borders the most of all eighteen regions in France. The bordering regions are Normandy on the northwest, Île-de-France on the northeast, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté on the east, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes on the southeast, Nouvelle-Aquitaine on the southwest and Pays de la Loire on the west.

Departments edit

Centre-Val de Loire comprises six departments: Cher, Eure-et-Loir, Indre, Indre-et-Loire, Loir-et-Cher, and Loiret.

Largest cities edit

Economy edit

Château de Chambord

The gross domestic product (GDP) of the region was 72.4 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 3.1% of French economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 25,200 euros or 84% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 99% of the EU average.[4]

An economic development agency, called Centréco, was created in 1994 by the Regional Council of Centre to promote the inflow of investments and the establishment of new businesses by French and foreign companies in the Centre region. This ensures a mission of economic promotion, international support to regional companies, and enhancement promotion of regional agrofood products via a regional signature, du Centre.

Gallery edit

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ In isolation, Centre is pronounced [sɑ̃tʁ].

References edit

  1. ^ "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2021". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2023.
  2. ^ "EU regions by GDP, Eurostat". Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  3. ^ "Journal officiel of 17 January 2015". Légifrance (in French). 2015-01-17. Retrieved 2015-03-10.
  4. ^ "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat. Archived from the original on 2020-04-17.

External links edit

  Media related to Centre-Val de Loire at Wikimedia Commons

47°30′N 1°45′E / 47.500°N 1.750°E / 47.500; 1.750