Hsinchu County, also romanized in various other ways, is a county in north-western Taiwan. The population of the county is mainly Hakka; there is a Taiwanese aboriginal minority in the southeastern part of the county. Zhubei is the county capital, where the government office and county office is located. A portion of the Hsinchu Science Park is located in Hsinchu County.
|Country||Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|Largest city||Zhubei City|
|Boroughs||1 cities, 12 (3 urban, 9 rural) townships|
|• County Magistrate||Yang Wen-ke (KMT)|
|• Total||1,427.59 km2 (551.20 sq mi)|
|Area rank||12 of 22|
|• Rank||11 of 22|
|• Density||380/km2 (990/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (National Standard Time)|
|Bird||Muller's barbet (Megalaima oorti)|
|Tree||Broad-leaved podocarpus (Nageia nagi)|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Administration
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Education
- 7 Energy
- 8 Tourist attractions
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Notable people
- 11 International relations
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Before the arrival of the Han Chinese, the Hsinchu area was home to Taokas plains aborigines, the Saisiyat, and the Atayal. After the Spanish occupied northern Taiwan, Catholic missionaries arrived at Tek-kham in 1626. Minnanese (Hoklo) and Hakka came and began to cultivate the land from the plains near the sea towards the river valleys and hills.
In 1684, Zhuluo County was established during Qing Dynasty rule and more Han settled near Tek-kham. A Chinese city was established there in 1711 and renamed Hsinchu in 1875. It became part of Taipeh Prefecture. In the late 19th century, Hoklo people dominated the coastal plain area, forcing the Saisiyat and Atayal tribes to move to areas around Jianshi and Wufeng, while the Hakka and Taokas settled together in the river valleys and hills area.
Japanese occupation of Taiwan began after the First Sino-Japanese War in 1895. Hsinchu became known as Shinchiku and, by 1920, its prefecture covered the areas of modern-day Hsinchu County and City, Miaoli, and Taoyuan.
Republic of ChinaEdit
Hsinchu County is located at the northwest part of Taiwan Island. It borders Taoyuan City to the north, Miaoli County to the south, the Taiwan Strait to the west, and Xueshan and Dabajian Mountain to the east. With an area spanning up to 1,427.59 km2 (551.20 sq mi), Hsinchu County area composed mainly of uplands, tablelands and mountains, except for the alluvial plains of the Fengshan River and Touqian River mouth area and some ancient river land.
The average climate in Hsinchu County is mild.
Hsinchu County controls 1 city, 3 urban townships, 6 rural townships and 2 mountain indigenous townships. Zhubei City is the seat of Hsinchu County which houses the Hsinchu County Government and Hsinchu County Council. The incumbent Magistrate of Hsinchu County is Yang Wen-ke of the Kuomintang. The administrative division of the county are:
|Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census.|
The population of the county consists of Hakka, Hoklo, aborigines and new immigrants. The Hakka people constituted around 84% of the total population in 2014, while the aborigines consisted mainly of Atayal and Saisiyat people. As of January 2017, the total population was 547,794, with 267,599 females and 280,195 males in 187,644 households.
High tech industryEdit
After the founding of Hsinchu Science Park in 1980, a high number of high-tech industries began to grow and expand outside the park, attracting workers coming to work and settle in the county.
Education in Hsinchu County is administered by the Education Department of Hsinchu County Government. The county is home to the Minghsin University of Science and Technology and Ta Hwa University of Science and Technology.
Hsinchu County houses the Baoshan Dam, supplying cooling water for factories in the Hsinchu Science Park and neighboring Hsinchu City. The dam can contain water up to 5,470,000 m3 with a catchment area of 3.2 km2 (1.2 sq mi).
- Beipu Citian Temple
- Mount Dabajian
- Former Residence of Zhang Xueliang
- Green World Ecological Farm
- Leofoo Village Theme Park
- Little Ding-Dong Science Theme Park
- Rueylong Museum
- Shei-Pa National Park
- Tapung Old Fort
- Zhudong Animation and Comic Creative Park
- Zhudong Timber Industry Exhibition Hall
- Beipu Old Street
- Neiwan Old Street
- Emei Huge Buddha Statue
The Hsinchu Station of the Taiwan High Speed Rail is located in the county at Zhubei City. Hsinchu County is crossed by three Taiwan Railways Administration lines, which are the Liujia Line, Neiwan Line and Western Line.
- Wang, Erika (25 October 2007), "Hsinchu Owns Rich History, Culture, and Natural Resources", China Post, Taipei: China Post.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 June 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Hsinchu County Government Hsinchu County Government". Hsinchu County Government.
- 臺灣地區鄉鎮市區級以上行政區域名稱中英對照表 (PDF). Online Translation System of Geographic Name, Ministry of Interior. 16 June 2011. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2012.
- "Towns & Township". hsinchu.gov.tw. Hsinchu County Government. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
Hsinchu County’s administrative area is divided into 1 county-administered city, 3 towns and 9 townships, namely: Zhubei City, Zhudong Town, Xinpu Town, Guanxi Town, Xinfeng Township, Emei Township, Baoshan Township, Wufeng Township, Hengshan Township, Beipu Township, Jianshi Township, Qionglin Township and Hukou Township.
- "Towns & Townships". hsinchu.gov.tw. Hsinchu County Gov't. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
- "Population". hsinchu.gov.tw. Hsinchu County Government. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- 106年1月 新竹縣人口統計報表 [Table of Hsinchu County Population Statistics, January 2017]. hsinchu.gov.tw (in Chinese). Hsinchu County Government. Retrieved 27 February 2017.