Regions of Taiwan
The regions of Taiwan are based on the historical administrative divisions. However, most of the definitions are controversial.
- Eastern and Western Taiwan: the Central Mountain Range separates Taiwan into east and west.
- Northern and Southern Taiwan: Zhuoshui River, the longest river of Taiwan, flows through about the middle of the island.
|Name||Northern Taiwan||Central Taiwan||Southern Taiwan||Eastern Taiwan||Outer islands|
|Taipeh (臺北府)||Taiwan (臺灣府)||Tainan (臺南府)||Taitung (臺東直隸州)|
The hexchotomy scheme corresponds to the prefectures under Japanese rule. This scheme were used as national electoral districts in the legislative elections in 1972, 1975, 1980, 1983, and 1986. The discussion of this scheme became viral after the elections of new five municipalities in 2010.
|No.||Name||Present divisions||Historical Prefectures|
|1||Pei–Pei–Kee–(Yi)||北北基(宜)||Taipei, New Taipei, Keelung, (Yilan)||Taihoku||臺北州|
|2||Tao-Chu-Miao||桃竹苗||Taoyuan, Hsinchu City/County, Miaoli||Shinchiku||新竹州|
|3||Chung–Chang–Tou||中彰投||Taichung, Changhua, Nantou||Taichū||臺中州|
|4||Yun–Chia–Nan||雲嘉南||Yunlin, Chiayi City/County, Tainan||Tainan||臺南州|
|5||Kao–Ping(–Peng)||高屏(澎)||Kaohsiung, Pingtung, (Penghu)||Takao, Hōko||高雄州、澎湖廳|
|6||(Yi–)Hua–Tung||(宜)花東||(Yilan), Hualien, Taitung||Karenkō, Taitō||花蓮港廳、臺東廳|
|–||(Peng–)Kin–Ma||(澎)金馬||(Penghu), Kinmen, Matsu (Lienchiang)||None|
The pentchotomy scheme is a fusion of the quadchotomy and hexchotomy schema. Although no specific names are given in each division, it is the most commonly used scheme among the highest divisions of the central government. This scheme is used by the Joint Service Centers (JSC, 區域聯合服務中心) under Executive Yuan and the jurisdiction of High Court Branches (高等法院分院) under Judicial Yuan.
|No.||Present divisions||Joint Service Center||High Court Branch|
|1||Taipei, New Taipei, Keelung, Taoyuan, Hsinchu City/County, Yilan||(Headquarter)||Taiwan HC (Headquarter)|
|2||Miaoli, Taichung, Changhua, Nantou||Central Taiwan JSC||Taiwan HC Taichung BC|
|3||Yunlin, Chiayi City/County, Tainan||Yunlin-Chiayi-Tainan JSC||Taiwan HC Tainan BC|
|4||Kaohsiung, Pingtung, Penghu||Southern Taiwan JSC||Taiwan HC Kaohsiung BC|
|5||Hualien, Taitung||Eastern Taiwan JSC||Taiwan HC Hualien BC|
|–||Kinmen, Matsu (Lienchiang)||Kinmen-Matsu JSC||Fuchien HC Kinmen BC|