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The regions of Taiwan are based on the historical administrative divisions. However, most of the definitions are controversial.

DichotomyEdit

QuadchotomyEdit

The most widely used definition is from the Council for Economic Planning and Development, Executive Yuan. The quadchotomy scheme corresponds to the prefectures under Qing Dynasty rule.

No. 1 2 3 4
Name Northern Taiwan Central Taiwan Southern Taiwan Eastern Taiwan Outer islands
北臺灣 中臺灣 南臺灣 東臺灣 外島
Map          
Present
divisions
Taipei
New Taipei
Keelung
Taoyuan
Hsinchu City/County
Yilan
Miaoli
Taichung
Changhua
Nantou
Yunlin
Chiayi City/County
Tainan
Kaohsiung
Pingtung
Penghu
Hualien
Taitung
Kinmen
Matsu (Lienchiang)
Historical
Prefectures
Taipeh (臺北府) Taiwan (臺灣府) Tainan (臺南府) Taitung (臺東直隸州)

HexchotomyEdit

 
Political division of Taiwan in 1945

The hexchotomy scheme corresponds to the prefectures under Japanese rule. This scheme were used as national electoral districts in the legislative elections in 1972, 1975, 1980, 1983, and 1986. The discussion of this scheme became viral after the elections of new five municipalities in 2010.[1]

No. Name Present divisions Historical Prefectures
1 Pei–Pei–Kee–(Yi) 北北基(宜) Taipei, New Taipei, Keelung, (Yilan) Taihoku 臺北州
2 Tao-Chu-Miao 桃竹苗 Taoyuan, Hsinchu City/County, Miaoli Shinchiku 新竹州
3 Chung–Chang–Tou 中彰投 Taichung, Changhua, Nantou Taichū 臺中州
4 Yun–Chia–Nan 雲嘉南 Yunlin, Chiayi City/County, Tainan Tainan 臺南州
5 Kao–Ping(–Peng) 高屏(澎) Kaohsiung, Pingtung, (Penghu) Takao, Hōko 高雄州、澎湖廳
6 (Yi–)Hua–Tung (宜)花東 (Yilan), Hualien, Taitung Karenkō, Taitō 花蓮港廳、臺東廳
(Peng–)Kin–Ma (澎)金馬 (Penghu), Kinmen, Matsu (Lienchiang) None

PentchotomyEdit

The pentchotomy scheme is a fusion of the quadchotomy and hexchotomy schema. Although no specific names are given in each division, it is the most commonly used scheme among the highest divisions of the central government. This scheme is used by the Joint Service Centers (JSC, 區域聯合服務中心) under Executive Yuan and the jurisdiction of High Court Branches (高等法院分院) under Judicial Yuan.[2]

No. Present divisions Joint Service Center High Court Branch
1 Taipei, New Taipei, Keelung, Taoyuan, Hsinchu City/County, Yilan (Headquarter) Taiwan HC (Headquarter)
2 Miaoli, Taichung, Changhua, Nantou Central Taiwan JSC Taiwan HC Taichung BC
3 Yunlin, Chiayi City/County, Tainan Yunlin-Chiayi-Tainan JSC Taiwan HC Tainan BC
4 Kaohsiung, Pingtung, Penghu Southern Taiwan JSC Taiwan HC Kaohsiung BC
5 Hualien, Taitung Eastern Taiwan JSC Taiwan HC Hualien BC
Kinmen, Matsu (Lienchiang) Kinmen-Matsu JSC Fuchien HC Kinmen BC

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit