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Pingtung County (Mandarin Pīnyīn: Píngdōng Xiàn; Hokkien POJ: Pîn-tong-koān; Hakka PFS: Phìn-tûng-yan; Paiwan: Akaw/Qakaw) is a county in Southern Taiwan known for its agriculture and tourism. In recent years, it promotes specialties such as tuna and wax apples. Pingtung is where Kenting National Park, the oldest and the largest national park in Taiwan established in 1984, is located. The county seat is Pingtung City.

Pingtung County

屏東縣

Ping tung County
Pingtung County Montage.png
Flag of Pingtung County
Flag
Official seal of Pingtung County
Seal
Pingtung County in Taiwan
Pingtung County in Taiwan
Coordinates: 22°40′31.78″N 120°29′29.09″E / 22.6754944°N 120.4914139°E / 22.6754944; 120.4914139Coordinates: 22°40′31.78″N 120°29′29.09″E / 22.6754944°N 120.4914139°E / 22.6754944; 120.4914139
CountryTaiwan
RegionSouthern Taiwan
SeatPingtung City
Largest cityPingtung City
Boroughs1 cities, 32 (3 urban, 29 rural) townships
Government
 • County MagistratePan Men-an (DPP)
Area
 • Total2,775.6003 km2 (1,071.6653 sq mi)
Area rank5 of 22
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total839,001
 • Rank10 of 22
 • Density300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
Websitewww.pthg.gov.tw
Symbols
FlowerHairy Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea brasiliensis)
TreeCoconut tree
Pingtung County
Traditional Chinese屏東

Contents

NameEdit

The name Pingtung refers to a former nearby mountain known as Half-Screen Mountain[citation needed] (Chinese: 半屏山; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Pòaⁿ-pêng-soaⁿ). Pingtung means "East of Half-Screen Mountain[citation needed]."

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

Modern-day Pingtung County and Kaohsiung City were part of Banlian-chiu (萬年州; Bān-liân-chiu) during the Kingdom of Tungning (1661–1683) and Fongshan Prefecture (鳳山縣; Hōng-soaⁿ-koān) during Qing dynasty rule (1683–1895). Pingtung County is a recently developed county. Its largest city is Pingtung City.

Until the seventeenth century this area of Taiwan was a place of exile for Chinese criminals and occasional landing point for international mariners. Only the settlements near present-day Checheng Township existed. In 1664, the Hakka settlers arrived from mainland China and farmed under a homesteading system introduced by Zheng Jing.

Pingtung City, the biggest city in Pingtung County, also known as "A-Kau" (阿猴; A-kâu), was the home of Taiwanese Plains Aborigines. In their language, "A-kau" means "the forest".

The first settlements by Han Chinese people were not established until 1684 with the creation of villages near Pingtung by people from China's southern Fujian region. By 1734 most of the Pingtung Plain was cultivated and in 1764 Pingtung was expanded. In 1836 the government and locals worked together to build the four walls of the city (the North gate, the East gate, the West gate and the South gate), and the roads were also properly finished.

In March 1867, 14 American sailors were killed near Kenting by local aborigines in the Rover Incident, which lead to the American Formosa Expedition three months later. In 1871, 54 sailors from Ryukyu were killed by local aborigines in the Mudan Incident. The Japanese carried out a punitive campaign against the local aborigines in the Japanese invasion of Taiwan (1874).

Japanese ruleEdit

Under Japanese rule (1895–1945), Hōzan Subprefecture (Japanese: 鳳山支廳) was initially under Tainan Ken (臺南縣), but political divisions changed frequently between 1895 and 1901. In 1901, Akō Chō (阿猴廳) was established. In 1909, the name was modified to Akō Chō (阿緱廳). In 1920, the name was changed to Heitō City (屏東市) and was administered under Takao Prefecture, which consisted of modern-day Pingtung County and Kaohsiung.

Post-warEdit

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, the area of present-day Pingtung County was incorporated to Kaohsiung County on 25 December 1945. On 16 August 1950, Pingtung County was established after being separated from Kaohsiung County. On 1 December 1951, Pingtung City was downgraded from provincial city to county-controlled city and county seat of Pingtung County.

Pingtung was the site of an 7.1 magnitude earthquake on 26 December 2006. In 2009, Pingtung received rainfall in excess of 2,500 millimetres (98 in); breaking all rainfall records of any single place in Taiwan induced by a single typhoon.

GeographyEdit

With a land area of over 2,775 km2 (1,071 sq mi), Pingtung is the 5th largest county in Taiwan, the 2nd largest of Southern Taiwan after Kaohsiung City. Geographically it borders Kaohsiung City to the north, Taitung County to the east, the Taiwan Strait to the west and the Bashi Channel to the south. Islands administered by the county include Hsiao Liuchiu (Lamay Islet; 琉球嶼) and Qixingyan (Seven Star Reefs; 七星岩).

ClimateEdit

Due to being located at the southernmost part of Taiwan, Pingtung County is well known of having one of the warmest climate within the country. The whole county experiences a tropical wet and dry climate, but due to being such a large county with various geographical differences, climate differs in different areas of the county. Northern Pingtung, such as the Pingtung City, is characterized by having a high daytime temperature year round, averaging from 30-34 degrees Celsius during the warmer season of April–November to 25-28 degrees Celsius during the cooler season of December–March, while also having the lowest nighttime temperatures within the county with temperatures usually dropping below 16 degrees Celsius at night in January due to being located further away from the sea than any other flatland settlements within the county. Central Pingtung, such as the Fangliao Township, compared to northern Pingtung, has a relatively lower daytime temperature but has warmer nights due to the temperating affect of the ocean especially noticeable during winter. The southern tip of Pingtung, the Hengchun Peninsula, has the mildest climate within the county due to being nearly completely surrounded by the Pacific Ocean with the exception of the mountains on the north. Daily highs during the warmer season reach around 29-32 while daily highs during the cooler season vary around 23-26 degrees C, but, on the other hand, night time temperatures remain warm throughout the year from around 25 degrees Celsius during summer to around 19 degrees Celsius during the winter.

GovernmentEdit

Administrative divisionsEdit

Pingtung County Administrative Divisions

Pingtung County is divided into 1 city, 3 urban townships, 21 rural townships and 8 mountain indigenous townships.[4] Pingtung County has the most number of rural townships and mountain indigenous townships among other counties in Taiwan.

Type Name Chinese Taiwanese Hakka Formosan
City Pingtung City 屏東 Pîn-tong Phìn-tûng
Urban
townships
Chaozhou 潮州 Tiô-chiu Tshèu-chû
Donggang 東港 Tang-káng Tûng-kóng
Hengchun 恆春 Hêng-chhun Hèn-tshûn
Rural
townships
Changzhi 長治 Tióng-tī Tshòng-tshṳ
Checheng 車城 Chhia-siâⁿ Tshâ-sàng
Fangliao 枋寮 Pang-liâu Piông-liàu
Fangshan 枋山 Pang-soaⁿ Piông-sân
Gaoshu 高樹 Ko-chhiū Kô-su
Jiadong 佳冬 Ka-tang Kâ-tûng
Jiuru 九如 Kíu-jû Kiú-yì
Kanding 崁頂 Khàm-téng Kham-táng
Ligang 里港 Lí-káng Lî-kóng
Linbian 林邊 Nâ-piⁿ Lìm-piên
Linluo 麟洛 Lîn-lo̍k Lìm-lo̍k
Liuqiu 琉球 Liû-khiû Liù-khiù Lamay Island
Manzhou 滿州 Bóan-chiu Mân-chû ManutsuruPaiwan
Nanzhou 南州 Lâm-chiu Nàm-chû
Neipu 內埔 Lāi-po͘ Lui-phû
Wandan 萬丹 Bān-tan Van-tân
Wanluan 萬巒 Bān-loân Van-lòng
Xinpi 新埤 Sin-pi Sîn-phî
Xinyuan 新園 Sin-hn̂g Sîn-yèn
Yanpu 鹽埔 Iâm-po͘ Yâm-phû
Zhutian 竹田 Tek-chhân Tsuk-thièn
Mountain
indigenous
townships
Chunri 春日 Chhun-ji̍t Tshûn-ngit KasugaguPaiwan
Laiyi 來義 Lâi-gī Lòi-ngi RaiPaiwan
Majia 瑪家 Má-ka Mâ-kâ MakazayazayaPaiwan
Mudan 牡丹 Bó͘-tan Méu-tân SinvaudjanPaiwan
Sandimen 三地門 Soaⁿ-tē-mn̂g Sâm-thi-mùn TimurPaiwan
Shizi 獅子 Sai-chú Sṳ̂-é SisiguPaiwan
Taiwu 泰武 Thài-bú Thai-vú KlaljucPaiwan
Wutai 霧臺 Bū-tâi Vu-thòi VedaiRukai

Colors indicate statutory language status of Hakka and Formosan languages in the respective subdivisions.

 
Pan Men-an, the incumbent Magistrate of Pingtung County

PoliticsEdit

Pingtung City is the county seat of Pingtung County which houses the Pingtung County Government and Pingtung County Council. The county is headed by Magistrate Pan Men-an of the Democratic Progressive Party. Pingtung County elected three Democratic Progressive Party legislators to the Legislative Yuan during the 2016 legislative election.[5][6][7]

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±%
1985 901,981—    
1990 893,282−1.0%
1995 911,843+2.1%
2000 907,590−0.5%
2005 893,544−1.5%
2010 873,509−2.2%
2015 841,253[8]−3.7%
2016 835,792−0.6%
Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census.

Pingtung is home to the indigenous Rukai and Paiwan tribes, which makes up 7% of the population.[9] As of December 2016, the total population of Pingtung County is 835,792. The county has been experiencing population decline for 15 consecutive years due to emigration to other cities.[10]

ReligionEdit

As of 2015, Pingtung County has the third highest number of registered temples at 1,101 after Tainan and Kaohsiung.

EconomyEdit

The economy of Pingtung County has been traditionally dominated by agriculture and fishery industries. However, the Pingtung County Government has been greatly promoting the tourism sector of the county in recent years. Currently, tourism sector in the county contributes to 30% of the tourism industry in Taiwan.[11]

In February 2014, the county government announced a plan to develop an industrial center which consists of a service center, workshop and performance venue. This was aimed to promote the development of industries that leverage the unique cultural attributes of the Linali tribe.[12] On 22 September 2015, the National Development Council revealed a three-year large-scale development plan to boost the economy of the county by transforming Dapeng Bay, Donggang Township and Lamay Island into a fishery, recreational and tourism hub.[13]

EducationEdit

EnergyEdit

Pingtung County houses Taiwan's third nuclear power plant, the Maanshan Nuclear Power Plant. The power plant is located in Hengchun Township and is Taiwan's second largest nuclear power plant in terms of its capacity at 2 X 890 MW.

TransportationEdit

RailEdit

The Pingtung Line and South-Link Line of the Taiwan Railways Administration lines cross Pingtung County, consist of Central Signal, Chaozhou, Donghai, Fangliao, Fangshan, Fangye Signal, Guilai, Jiadong, Jialu, Kanding, Linbian, Linluo, Liukuaicuo, Nanzhou, Neishi, Pingtung, Xishi, Zhen'an and Zhutian Station. The Pingtung Line links Pingtung County with Kaohsiung City, while the South-Link Line links Pingtung County with Taitung County.

FerriesEdit

Ferry service is operated between Donggang Township and Baisha Port and Dafu Port on the offshore Lamay Island.

Tourist attractionsEdit

Relative locationEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 105年05月屏東縣人口統計表. www.pthg.gov.tw (in Chinese). Retrieved 6 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Climate". Central Weather Bureau.
  3. ^ "Climate". Central Weather Bureau.
  4. ^ 臺灣地區鄉鎮市區級以上行政區域名稱中英對照表 (PDF). Online Translation System of Geographic Name, Ministry of Interior. 16 June 2011. pp. 10–12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2012.
  5. ^ "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election".
  6. ^ "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election".
  7. ^ "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election".
  8. ^ "Pingtung population falls for 14th consecutive year".
  9. ^ "PINGTUNG County Government".
  10. ^ Hou, Cheng-hsu; Chang, Tsun-wei; Chung, Jack (11 January 2017). "Pingtung population falls for 15th consecutive year". Taipei Times. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  11. ^ http://www.pthg.gov.tw/en/cp.aspx?n=A0061DD41F5FEABF
  12. ^ http://www.chinapost.com.tw/taiwan/local/pingtung/2014/02/17/400793/Industry-development.htm
  13. ^ http://www.taiwantoday.tw/ct.asp?xItem=236995&ctNode=2182
  14. ^ Located just a few minutes'walk from Fangliao train station, the art village stretches around 3,000 square meters which provides artists in residence plenty of room to work and live. Converted from old dormitories that once belonged to the Taiwan Railway Administration, the art village has been part of the Art Network of Railway Warehouses run by the Council for Cultural Affairs since 2002.
  15. ^ "Art at the Crossroads: F3's Undetermined Future in Fangliao", by Eva Tang, 12 February 2009, Taiwan Culture Portal http://www.culture.tw/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1114&Itemid=157

External linksEdit