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Chiayi County (Mandarin Pīnyīn: Jiāyì Xiàn; Hokkien POJ: Ka-gī-koān) is a county in southwestern Taiwan surrounding but not including Chiayi City. It is the sixth largest county in Taiwan.

Chiayi County

嘉義縣

Ka-gi; Chiai
Chiayi County Montage.png
Flag of Chiayi County
Flag
Coat of arms of Chiayi County
Coat of arms
Taiwan ROC political division map Chiayi County.svg
Coordinates: 23°29′46.34″N 120°38′30.75″E / 23.4962056°N 120.6418750°E / 23.4962056; 120.6418750Coordinates: 23°29′46.34″N 120°38′30.75″E / 23.4962056°N 120.6418750°E / 23.4962056; 120.6418750
CountryRepublic of China (Taiwan)
RegionSouthwestern Taiwan
SeatTaibao City
Largest cityMinxiong
Boroughs2 cities, 16 (2 urban, 14 rural) townships
Government
 • County MagistrateWeng Chang-liang (DPP)
Area
 • Total1,901.67 km2 (734.24 sq mi)
Area rank10 of 22
Population
 (December 2014)
 • Total524,783[1]
 • Rank14 of 22
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
Websitecyhg.gov.tw
Chiayi County
Traditional Chinese嘉義
Simplified Chinese嘉义

Contents

NameEdit

The former Chinese placename was Tsu-lo-san[2] (Chinese: 諸羅山; pinyin: Zhūluóshān; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chu-lô-san), a representation of the original Formosan-language name Tirosen. A shortened version, Tsulo, was then used to name Tsulo County, which originally covered the underdeveloped northern two-thirds of the island. In 1704, the county seat was moved to Tsulosan, the site of modern-day Chiayi City. Following the 1723 Zhu Yigui rebellion, the county was reduced in size. In 1787, the county and city were renamed Kagee (嘉義; literally: 'commended righteousness') to acknowledge the citizens' loyalty during the Lin Shuangwen rebellion.

HistoryEdit

From 1920, during the Japanese rule of Taiwan, the area of Tainan Prefecture covered modern-day Chiayi County, Chiayi City, Tainan and Yunlin County.

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, the area of present-day Chiayi County was administered under Tainan County. In October 1950, Chiayi County was established as a county of Taiwan Province. Chiayi City was designated as the county seat.[3]

In July 1982, Chiayi City was upgraded to a provincial city, thus in December 1981, Chiayi County government relocated the county seat to Dongshiliao Farm in Taibao Township.

In March 1989, Wufong Township was renamed Alishan Township. In July 1991, Taibao Township was reorganized as Taibao City. In November 1991, Chiayi County government relocated the county seat from Dongshiliao Farm to Hsiangho New Village in Taibao City.[4] Puzi Township was reorganized as a county-controlled city in September 1992.

GeographyEdit

Chiayi County borders Mount Yu to the east, Taiwan Strait to the west, Tainan City to the south and Yunlin County to the north. It spans over 1,903 km2 (735 sq mi), about 5.35% of the area of Taiwan. Chiayi County is located along the Tropic of Cancer.[5]

AdministrationEdit

 
Weng Chang-liang, the incumbent Magistrate of Chiayi County

Chiayi County is divided into 2 cities, 2 urban townships, 13 rural townships and 1 mountain indigenous township.[6][7] Taibao City is the seat of Chiayi County and is home to Chiayi County Government. The Chiayi County Council is however located in Puzi City. Weng Chang-liang of the Democratic Progressive Party is the incumbent Magistrate of Chiayi County.

Type Name Chinese Taiwanese Hakka Formosan
Cities Taibao City 太保 Thài-pó Thai-pó
Puzi City 朴子 Phoh-chú Phú-chṳ́
Urban
townships
Budai 布袋 Pò͘-tē Pu-thoi
Dalin 大林 Tōa-nâ Thai-lìm
Rural
townships
Dapu 大埔 Tōa-po͘ Thai-phû
Dongshi 東石 Tang-chio̍h Tûng-sa̍k
Fanlu 番路 Hoan-lō͘ Fân-lu
Lioujiao (Liujiao) 六腳 La̍k-kha Liuk-kiok
Lucao 鹿草 Lo̍k-chháu Lu̍k-tshó
Meishan 梅山 Mûi-san Mòi-sân
Minxiong 民雄 Bîn-hiông Mìn-hiùng
Shuishang 水上 Chhúi-siāng Súi-song
Xikou 溪口 Khe-kháu Hâi-khiéu
Xingang 新港 Sin-káng Sîn-kóng
Yizhu 義竹 Gī-tek Ngi-tsuk
Zhongpu 中埔 Tiong-po͘ Chûng-phû
Zhuqi 竹崎 Tek-kiā Tsuk-khì
Mountain
indigenous
township
Alishan 阿里山 A-lí-san Â-lî-sân PsoseonganaTsou

Color indicates statutory language status of the Formosan language in the respective subdivision.

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±%
1985 569,932—    
1990 552,277−3.1%
1995 565,804+2.4%
2000 562,305−0.6%
2005 553,841−1.5%
2010 543,248−1.9%
2015 519,839−4.3%
Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census.

The current population of Chiayi County as of December 2014 is 524,783 people. The county has been experiencing a population decline since 2009 due to higher migration out of the county and higher death rate than birth rate.[1] In 2013, the birthrate in the county was 5.89, lower than the average Taiwan of 8.91, the second lowest after Keelung.[8]

EducationEdit

Chiayi County is home to the government-owned National Chung Cheng University and National Chiayi University. Private universities and colleges including Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Nanhua University, Toko University and WuFeng University. Education-related affairs in the county is managed by the Educational Department of Chiayi County Government.

EconomyEdit

Over the past 20 years, Chiayi County had often been left out in the regional economic development due to its less strategic location, lack of infrastructure and appropriate industrial land to attract manufacturers to set up factories in the area. All of the existing industrial parks in the county were built before 1981. Class 2 and class 3 industries have been developing slowly throughout Chiayi, thus the economic development is sluggish as well, resulting in slow urban development.

Three industrial parks named the Dapumei Industrial Park (大埔美工業區), Ma Chou Hou Industrial Park (馬稠後工業區) and Budai Intelligent Industrial Park are currently under planning in the county.[8][9] Industrial parks in the neighboring counties and cities also contributed to the difficulty of industrial developments in Chiayi County.

EnergyEdit

The Zengwen Hydroelectric Plant and Chiahui Gas-Fired Power Plant boasted the total national grid capacity of 50 MW and 670 MW respectively. Both of the power plants are located in the county.

Incinerator in the county is Lutsao Refuse Incineration Plant.

Tourist attractionsEdit

MuseumsEdit

Notable museums, cultural centers and monuments in Chiayi County are the Mei-Ling Fine Arts Museum, National Radio Museum, Ping Huang Coffee Museum, Southern Branch of the National Palace Museum, Xikou Township Cultural Life Center and Tropic of Cancer Monument.

NaturalEdit

Bordered by mountains on one side and sea on the other side, Chiayi County holds three major national parks, which are Alishan National Scenic Area, Southwest Coast National Scenic Area and Siraya National Scenic Area, each represents a unique view of nature's wonders, from mountains, plains to ocean views.[10] It also houses the Chukou Nature Center, Haomeiliao Wetland and Meishan Park.

DamsEdit

Renyitan Dam and Zengwen Dam are located in the county.

BuildingsEdit

The county houses the Dongshi Fisherman's Wharf, Chiayi Performing Arts Center and High-Heel Wedding Church.

TransportationEdit

Relative locationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Welcome to Chiayi County Government-Population-Population". cyhg.gov.tw. Archived from the original on 2014-03-28. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
  2. ^ Campbell, William (1903). "Explanatory Notes". Formosa under the Dutch: described from contemporary records, with explanatory notes and a bibliography of the island. London: Kegan Paul. p. 549. OCLC 644323041.
  3. ^ "Welcome to Chiayi County Government-History-Republic of China Era (1945-)". cyhg.gov.tw. Archived from the original on 2014-03-28.
  4. ^ "Welcome to Chiayi County Government-History-Republic of China Era (1945-)". Cyhg.gov.tw. Archived from the original on 2014-03-28. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
  5. ^ "Welcome to Chiayi County Government-Geography-Geography". cyhg.gov.tw. Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2014-08-18.
  6. ^ "Geography". Chiayi County Government. Retrieved 3 May 2019. Chiayi County(2 cities, 2 towns, 14 villages )
  7. ^ 地理區域 [Geography]. 嘉義縣政府全球資訊網. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Chiayi's low birthrate is problem for education". taipeitimes.com.
  9. ^ http://invest.cyhg.gov.tw/english/CP.aspx?s=67&n=10125
  10. ^ "Attractions > Hot Spots > Chiayi County >". taiwan.net.tw.
  11. ^ Liao, George (1 October 2017). "An amazing trip to Taiwan's Penghu County in three days". Taiwan News. Retrieved 3 October 2017.

External linksEdit