Taiwanese Hakka is a group of Hakka dialects spoken in Taiwan, and mainly used by people of Hakka ancestry. Taiwanese Hakka is divided into five main dialects: Sixian, Hailu, Dabu, Raoping, and Zhao'an. The most widely spoken of the five Hakka dialects in Taiwan are Sixian and Hailu. The former, possessing 6 tones, originates from Meizhou, Guangdong, and is mainly spoken in Miaoli, Pingtung and Kaohsiung, while the latter, possessing 7 tones, originates from Haifeng and Lufeng, Guangdong, and is concentrated around Hsinchu.
toiˇ vanˇ hagˋ gaˊ ngiˊ / toiˇ vanˇ hagˋ fa
Thòi-vàn Hak-kâ-ngî / Thòi-vàn Hak-fa
Sixian: [tʰoi˩ van˩ hak̚˨ fa˥]
Hailu: [tʰoi˥ van˥ hak̚˨ fa˩]
Dapu: [tʰoi˧ van˩˩˧ kʰak̚˨˩ fa˥˧]
Raoping: [tʰoi˧ van˥ kʰak̚˥ fa˨˦]
Zhao'an: [tʰai˧ ban˥˧ kʰa˥ su˥]
|Region||Taoyuan, Miaoli, Hsinchu, Pingtung, Kaohsiung, Taichung, Nantou, Changhua, Yunlin, Yilan, Hualien and Taitung|
|(2,370,000 cited 1993)|
Official language in
|Regulated by||Hakka Affairs Council|
Proportion of residents aged 6 or older using Hakka at home in Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen & Matsu in 2010
- Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2017). "Chinese, Hakka". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (20th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
- Article 6 of the Standards for Identification of Basic Language Abilities and General Knowledge of the Rights and Duties of Naturalized Citizens
- "Amazing Hakka". Hakka Affairs Council. 2010-12-29. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
- "Chapter 2: People and Language" (PDF). The Republic of China Yearbook 2010. Government Information Office, Republic of China (Taiwan). p. 42. ISBN 9789860252781. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-08-05.
- 臺灣客家語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Hakka] (in Chinese). Ministry of Education, R.O.C. 2016.