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Nantou County (Mandarin pinyin: Nántóu Xiàn; Hokkien POJ: Lâm-tâu-koān; Hakka PFS: Nàm-thèu-yen) is the second largest county of Taiwan.[1] It is also the only landlocked county in Taiwan. Its name derives from the Hoanya Taiwanese aboriginal word Ramtau. Nantou County is officially administered as a county of Taiwan.

Nantou County

南投縣
Top:Shuili Water Creek in Shuili Township, 2nd left:Mount Yu, 2nd right:Nantou County Museum of History in Nantou City, 3rd left:View of Sun Moon Lake, from Xuanzang Temple in Yuchi Township, 3rd right:Evergreen Glassland in Renci Township, Bottom left:Tou George Pond in Taiwan Educational University of Nature, Bottom right:Mount Hehuan
Top:Shuili Water Creek in Shuili Township, 2nd left:Mount Yu, 2nd right:Nantou County Museum of History in Nantou City, 3rd left:View of Sun Moon Lake, from Xuanzang Temple in Yuchi Township, 3rd right:Evergreen Glassland in Renci Township, Bottom left:Tou George Pond in Taiwan Educational University of Nature, Bottom right:Mount Hehuan
Flag of Nantou County
Flag
Coat of arms of Nantou County
Coat of arms
Taiwan ROC political division map Nantou County.svg
Coordinates: 23°54′55.28″N 120°41′4.32″E / 23.9153556°N 120.6845333°E / 23.9153556; 120.6845333Coordinates: 23°54′55.28″N 120°41′4.32″E / 23.9153556°N 120.6845333°E / 23.9153556; 120.6845333
CountryRepublic of China (Taiwan)
ProvinceTaiwan
SeatNantou City
Largest cityNantou City
Boroughs1 cities, 12 (4 urban, 8 rural) townships
Government
 • County MagistrateLin Ming-chen (KMT)
Area
 • Total4,106.436 km2 (1,585.504 sq mi)
Area rank2 of 22
Population
 (Dec. 2014)
 • Total514,315
 • Rank15 of 22
 • Density130/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
ISO 3166 codeTW-NAN
Websitewww.nantou.gov.tw
Symbols
FlowerPlum blossom (Prunus mume)
TreeCamphor Laurel (Cinnamomum camphora)
Nantou County
Traditional Chinese南投

Its mountainous area makes it a tourist destination; Sun Moon Lake is located in this county. Other well-known areas of the county are Hehuanshan and Sitou. Notable cities in Nantou are Nantou City and Puli Town. The official butterfly of Nantou County is the broad-tailed swallowtail butterfly (Agehana maraho). Nantou's tung-ting tea is one of the most famous and high-quality oolong teas grown in Taiwan.[2]

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

Before the arrival of Han Chinese to Nantou, the Atayal, Bunun and Tsou tribes were distributed throughout the northern and central Nantou. These groups pioneered the early development of mountain regions in Nantou.[3]

Kingdom of TungningEdit

In 1677, Lin Yi (Chinese: 林圯), a general under the command of Koxinga, led soldiers to establish residence in Shalianbao [zh] (modern-day Zhushan). The Han Chinese began to enter Nantou via two main routes, the Zhuoshui River and Maoluo River.[3]

Japanese ruleEdit

In 1901, during Japanese rule, Nanto Chō (Japanese: 南投廳) was one of twenty local administrative offices established. In 1909, part of Toroku Chō (斗六廳) was merged into Nanto Cho. A major reorganization occurred in 1920, in which the area was administered under Taichū Prefecture together with modern-day Changhua County and Taichung City.

Republic of ChinaEdit

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, the present day area of Nantou County was administered under Taichung County of Taiwan Province. On 16 August 1950, Nantou County was established by its separation from Taichung County, and Nantou Township was designed as the county seat. On 1 July 1957, the Zhongxing New Village in Nantou Township was designed to be the capital of Taiwan Province from the former Taipei City. In 1981, the county seat was upgraded from Nantou Township to Nantou City. The Chi-Chi earthquake occurred in 1999.

GeographyEdit

 
Nantou County Administrative Divisions
 
Hehuanshan is one of the higher mountains in Nantou County.

Nantou County has an area of 4,106.436 km2 (1,585.504 sq mi) with a width of 72 km (45 mi) and length of 95 km (59 mi). It is the second largest county in Taiwan after Hualien County.[4]

There are 41 mountains with peaks over 3,000 meters high, with Mount Yu in Xinyi Township is the highest peak in Nantou County and in Taiwan with a height of 3,952 meters. Around 83% of Nantou County area is covered by hills and mountains.

Rain that falls into the mountains area converge into the Dadu River and Zhuoshui River. There are inland ponds and lakes throughout the mountains in the county, such as the Sun Moon Lake, Bi Pond, Liyu Pond and Cilin Pond.

ClimateEdit

The annual average temperature in Nantou County is 23 °C on level ground and 20 °C on mountains. The annual average rainfall is less than 1,750 mm on level ground and 2,800 mm on mountains. The rainy season lasts from April to September and the dry season lasts from October to March.[4]

GovernmentEdit

 
Lin Ming-chen, the incumbent Magistrate of Nantou County
 
Nantou City, the county seat of Nantou County

Nantou County consists of 1 city, 4 urban townships, 6 rural townships, 2 mountain indigenous townships, 128 villages and 133 neighborhoods.[5][6] Nantou City is the seat of the county which houses the Nantou County Government and Nantou County Council. The incumbent Magistrate of Nantou County is Lin Ming-chen of the Kuomintang.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Type Name Chinese Taiwanese Hakka Formosan
City Nantou City 南投 Lâm-tâu Nàm-thèu
Urban
townships
Caotun 草屯 Chháu-tūn Chhó-thùn
Jiji 集集 Chi̍p-chi̍p Si̍p-si̍p
Puli 埔里 Po͘-lí Phû-lî
Jhushan (Zhushan) 竹山 Tek-san Tsuk-sân
Rural
townships
Guosing (Guoxing) 國姓 Kok-sèng Koet-siang
Lugu 鹿谷 Lo̍k-kok Lu̍k-kuk
Mingjian 名間 Bêng-kan Miàng-kiên
Shueili (Shuili) 水里 Chúi-lí Súi-lî
Yuchih (Yuchi) 魚池 Hî-tî Ǹg-tshṳ̀ QabizayThao
Jhongliao (Zhongliao) 中寮 Tiong-liâu Chûng-liàu
Mountain
indigenous
townships
Ren-ai (Ren'ai) 仁愛 Jîn-ài Yìn-oi Atayal, Bunun, Seediq
Sinyi (Xinyi) 信義 Sìn-gī Sin-ngi Nehunpu-siangBunun

Colors indicate statutory language status of Hakka and Formosan languages in the respective subdivisions.

PoliticsEdit

Nantou County voted two Kuomintang legislators out of two seats to be in the Legislative Yuan during the 2016 Republic of China legislative election.[7]

Demographics and cultureEdit

YearPop.±%
1985 535,572—    
1990 536,479+0.2%
1995 546,517+1.9%
2000 541,537−0.9%
2005 535,205−1.2%
2010 526,491−1.6%
2015 509,490−3.2%
Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census.

PopulationEdit

Nantou County has a population of 517,037 people as of January 2014.

LanguageEdit

The official language of the county is Mandarin. Taiwanese, Hakka, English and aboriginal languages are also spoken.[8]

EducationEdit

There are 2 colleges, 13 senior high and vocational schools, 30 junior high schools, 149 elementary schools, 106 kindergartens and 84 day care centers in the county.[9] Notable universities in the county are National Chi Nan University and Nan Kai University of Technology.

EnergyEdit

Nantou County houses Taiwan's first pumped-storage hydroelectric power plant, the Takuan Pumped Storage Hydro Power Plant commissioned in 1985 with an installed capacity of 1,008 MW. It also houses Taiwan's largest pumped-storage hydroelectric power plant, the Mingtan Pumped Storage Hydro Power Plant with an installed capacity of 1,602 MW. Both power plants are located in Shueili Township along the Shuili River.

Tourist attractionsEdit

TransportationEdit

RailEdit

Nantou County is served by the Jiji Line of Taiwan Railways which consists of Checheng, Jiji, Longquan, Shuili and Zhuoshui Station

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ See List of administrative divisions of Taiwan
  2. ^ "Dong Ding Oolong Tea: Product Description". The Brixton Tea Party. 2013. Retrieved April 27, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Nantou of Yesterday". Nantou County Government. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Profile of Nantou County". Nantou County Government. 2015.
  5. ^ "Organization". Nantou County Government. 2015.
  6. ^ 臺灣地區鄉鎮市區級以上行政區域名稱中英對照表 (PDF). Online Translation System of Geographic Name, Ministry of Interior. 16 June 2011. p. 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2012.
  7. ^ "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election".
  8. ^ "Profile of Nantou County". Nantou County Government. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2019. Language: Mandarin is the official language; Taiwanese, Hakka, English and dialects of aborigines are also spoken.
  9. ^ "About the Schools in Nantou County". Nantou County Government. 2007.

External linksEdit