Nantou County (Chinese: 南投縣; pinyin: Nántóu Xiàn; Hokkien POJ: Lâm-tâu-koān; Hakka PFS: Nàm-thèu-yen) is the second largest county of Taiwan by area, located in the central part of the country. It is also the only non-coastal county in Taiwan. Its name derives from the Hoanya Taiwanese aboriginal word Ramtau.
|Country||Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|Province||Taiwan (de facto defunct)|
|Largest city||Nantou City|
|Boroughs||1 city, 12 (4 urban, 8 rural) townships|
|• County Magistrate||Hsu Shu-hua (KMT)|
|• Total||4,106.436 km2 (1,585.504 sq mi)|
|• Rank||2 of 22|
|• Rank||15 of 22|
|• Density||120/km2 (300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (National Standard Time)|
|ISO 3166 code||TW-NAN|
|Flower||Plum blossom (Prunus mume)|
|Tree||Camphor Laurel (Cinnamomum camphora)|
Its mountainous area makes it a tourist destination. The largest natural lake in Taiwan, Sun Moon Lake, is located in this county. Other well-known tourist sites of the county including Aowanda, Formosan Aboriginal Culture Village, Hehuanshan, Paper Dome, Qingjing Farm, Shanlinxi, Shuiyuan Suspension Bridge and Xitou. Notable cities in Nantou are Nantou City and Puli Town. The official butterfly of Nantou County is the broad-tailed swallowtail butterfly (Agehana maraho). Nantou's tung-ting tea is one of the most famous and high-quality oolong teas grown in Taiwan.
Early history Edit
Before the arrival of Han Chinese to Nantou, the Atayal, Bunun and Tsou tribes were distributed throughout the northern and central Nantou. These groups pioneered the early development of mountain regions in Nantou.
Kingdom of Tungning Edit
In 1677, Lin Yi (Chinese: 林圯), a general under the command of Koxinga, led soldiers to establish residence in Shalianbao (modern-day Zhushan). The Han Chinese began to enter Nantou via two main routes, the Zhuoshui River and Maoluo River.
Japanese rule Edit
In 1901, during Japanese rule, Nanto Chō (Japanese: 南投廳) was one of twenty local administrative offices established. In 1909, part of Toroku Chō (斗六廳) was merged into Nanto Cho. A major reorganization occurred in 1920, in which the area was administered under Taichū Prefecture together with modern-day Changhua County and Taichung City.
Republic of China Edit
After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, the present day area of Nantou County was administered under Taichung County of Taiwan Province. On 16 August 1950, Nantou County was established by its separation from Taichung County, and Nantou Township was designed as the county seat. On 1 July 1957, the Zhongxing New Village in Nantou Township was designed to be the capital of Taiwan Province from the former Taipei City. In 1981, the county seat was upgraded from Nantou Township to Nantou City. The Chi-Chi earthquake occurred in 1999.
There are 41 mountains with peaks over 3,000 meters high, with Mount Yu in Xinyi Township is the highest peak in Nantou County and in Taiwan with a height of 3,952 meters. Around 83% of Nantou County area is covered by hills and mountains.
Rain that falls into the mountains area converge into the Dadu River and Zhuoshui River. There are inland ponds and lakes throughout the mountains in the county, such as the Sun Moon Lake, Bi Pond, Liyu Pond and Cilin Pond.
The annual average temperature in Nantou County is 23 °C (73 °F) on level ground and 20 °C (68 °F) on mountains. The annual average rainfall is less than 1,750 mm (68.9 in) on level ground and 2,800 mm (110.2 in) on mountains. The rainy season lasts from April to September and the dry season lasts from October to March.
Nantou County consists of 1 city, 4 urban townships, 6 rural townships, 2 mountain indigenous townships, 128 villages and 133 neighborhoods. Nantou City is the seat of the county which houses the Nantou County Government and Nantou County Council. The incumbent Magistrate of Nantou County is Lin Ming-chen of the Kuomintang.
Administrative divisions Edit
|Ren-ai (Ren'ai)||仁愛鄉||Jîn-ài||Yìn-oi||Atayal, Bunun, Seediq|
Demographics and culture Edit
|Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census.|
Nantou County has a population of 479,666 people as of January 2023.
- The following information is as of January 2023 資料
|The population density
- The population growth and decline is calculated by subtracting the population of the previous month from the current month's population. Negative values are represented by red letters, positive values are represented by blue letters, and no growth is represented by green letters.
- The population density of each district is calculated by rounding 4 to 5 to 1 decimal place
- Population growth：
- 高度成長 High growth （年成長率高於1%） ：NA（updated 2020）
- 穩定成長 Steady growth （年成長率0.1%~1%） ：草屯 Caotun
- 成長停滯 Stagnant growth（年成長率±0.1%） ：NA（updated 2020）
- 輕度流失 Mild loss （年成長率-0.5%~-0.1%）：南投、仁愛
- 中度流失 Moderate Churn （年成長率-1%~-0.5%） ：埔里Puli、名間、魚池
- 高度流失 High churn （年成長率-2%~-1%） ：鹿谷、竹山、中寮、信義、水里、集集
- 嚴重流失 Severe drain （年成長率低於-2%） ：國姓
Due to its landlock nature, the county's economy depends mainly on agriculture. Other important industries in the county are forestry, fishery and animal husbandry. It also includes tourism and manufacturing industries. As of 2016, there are 28,000 registered businesses and 5,205 registered companies in the county with a total capital of NT$5,609 million and NT$80,024 million respectively. As of 2015, there were 938 factories operating in the county.
There are 2 colleges, 13 senior high and vocational schools, 30 junior high schools, 149 elementary schools, 106 kindergartens and 84 day care centers in the county. Notable universities in the county are National Chi Nan University, National Chung Hsing University and Nan Kai University of Technology.
Nantou County houses Taiwan's first pumped-storage hydroelectric power plant, the Takuan Pumped Storage Hydro Power Plant commissioned in 1985 with an installed capacity of 1,008 MW. It also houses Taiwan's largest pumped-storage hydroelectric power plant, the Mingtan Pumped Storage Hydro Power Plant with an installed capacity of 1,602 MW. Both power plants are located in Shuili Township along the Shuili River.
Notable sporting events held by Nantou County include:
Tourist attractions Edit
- Chung Tai Chan Monastery
- Ci En Pagoda
- Paper Dome
- Fonghuanggu Bird and Ecology Park
- Formosan Aboriginal Culture Village
- Geographic center of Taiwan
- Jufang Hall
- Lalu Island
- Ming Shan Resort
- Nantou County Culture Park
- Qingjing Farm
- Shanlinxi Forest Recreation Area
- Shuiyuan Suspension Bridge
- Sun Moon Lake
- Sun Moon Lake Wen Wu Temple
- Taroko National Park
- Wushe Incident Memorial Park
- Xitou Nature Education Area
- Xuanzang Temple
- Yushan National Park
- Zhushan Zinan Temple
Taiwan Railways Administration Edit
Taiwan High Speed Rail Edit
Although Nantou County does not have a high speed rail station, high speed rail can be accessed by bus to Taichung HSR station.
See also Edit
- See List of administrative divisions of Taiwan
- 南投的地方起源與變遷 (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Archived from the original on 2012-02-06.
- "Dong Ding Oolong Tea: Product Description" Archived 2016-04-25 at the Wayback Machine. The Brixton Tea Party. 2013. Retrieved April 27, 2013.
- "Nantou of Yesterday". Nantou County Government. Archived from the original on 7 January 2016. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- "Rezoning Taiwan". Taiwan Today. 1 February 2011. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
- "Profile of Nantou County". Nantou County Government. 2015. Archived from the original on 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2014-08-24.
- "Organization". Nantou County Government. 2015. Archived from the original on 2014-12-27. Retrieved 2014-08-24.
- 臺灣地區鄉鎮市區級以上行政區域名稱中英對照表 (PDF). Online Translation System of Geographic Name, Ministry of Interior. 16 June 2011. p. 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2012.
- 1.7-鄉鎮市區戶口數 [Population for Township and District]. Ministry of the Interior (in Chinese (Taiwan) and English). August 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2020.
南投縣 Nantou County南投市 Nantou City埔里鎮 Puli Township草屯鎮 Caotun Township竹山鎮 Jhushan Township集集鎮 Jiji Township名間鄉 Mingjian Township鹿谷鄉 Lugu Township中寮鄉 Jhongliao Township魚池鄉 Yuchih Township國姓鄉 Guosing Township水里鄉 Shueili Township信義鄉 Sinyi Township仁愛鄉 Renai Township
- "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-02-24.
- "Profile of Nantou County". Nantou County Government. 7 January 2015. Archived from the original on 19 November 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
Language: Mandarin is the official language; Taiwanese, Hakka, English and dialects of aborigines are also spoken.
- "History". Taiwan Nantou District Prosecutors Office. 12 August 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2023.
- "Agriculture, Industry & Commerce - Transformation, Metamorphosis". Nantou. 28 March 2007. Retrieved 2 March 2023.
- "Nantou County". InvesTaiwan. 23 March 2021. Retrieved 2 March 2023.
- "About the Schools in Nantou County". Nantou County Government. 2007. Archived from the original on 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2014-08-24.