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Nantou County (Mandarin pinyin: Nántóu Xiàn; Hokkien POJ: Lâm-tâu-koān; Hakka PFS: Nàm-thèu-yen) is the second largest county of Taiwan. It is also the only landlocked county in Taiwan. Its name derives from the Hoanya Taiwanese aboriginal word Ramtau. Nantou County is officially administered as a county of Taiwan.
Top：Shuili Water Creek in Shuili Township, 2nd left:Mount Yu, 2nd right:Nantou County Museum of History in Nantou City, 3rd left:View of Sun Moon Lake, from Xuanzang Temple in Yuchi Township, 3rd right:Evergreen Glassland in Renci Township, Bottom left:Tou George Pond in Taiwan Educational University of Nature, Bottom right:Mount Hehuan
|Country||Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|Largest city||Nantou City|
|Boroughs||1 cities, 12 (4 urban, 8 rural) townships|
|• County Magistrate||Lin Ming-chen (KMT)|
|• Total||4,106.436 km2 (1,585.504 sq mi)|
|Area rank||2 of 22|
|• Rank||15 of 22|
|• Density||130/km2 (320/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (National Standard Time)|
|ISO 3166 code||TW-NAN|
|Flower||Plum blossom (Prunus mume)|
|Tree||Camphor Laurel (Cinnamomum camphora)|
Its mountainous area makes it a tourist destination; Sun Moon Lake is located in this county. Other well-known areas of the county are Hehuanshan and Sitou. Notable cities in Nantou are Nantou City and Puli Town. The official butterfly of Nantou County is the broad-tailed swallowtail butterfly (Agehana maraho). Nantou's tung-ting tea is one of the most famous and high-quality oolong teas grown in Taiwan.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Government
- 4 Demographics and culture
- 5 Education
- 6 Energy
- 7 Tourist attractions
- 8 Transportation
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Before the arrival of Han Chinese to Nantou, the Atayal, Bunun and Tsou tribes were distributed throughout the northern and central Nantou. These groups pioneered the early development of mountain regions in Nantou.
Kingdom of TungningEdit
In 1677, Lin Yi (Chinese: 林圯), a general under the command of Koxinga, led soldiers to establish residence in Shalianbao (modern-day Zhushan). The Han Chinese began to enter Nantou via two main routes, the Zhuoshui River and Maoluo River.
In 1901, during Japanese rule, Nanto Chō (Japanese: 南投廳) was one of twenty local administrative offices established. In 1909, part of Toroku Chō (斗六廳) was merged into Nanto Cho. A major reorganization occurred in 1920, in which the area was administered under Taichū Prefecture together with modern-day Changhua County and Taichung City.
Republic of ChinaEdit
After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, the present day area of Nantou County was administered under Taichung County of Taiwan Province. On 16 August 1950, Nantou County was established by its separation from Taichung County, and Nantou Township was designed as the county seat. On 1 July 1957, the Zhongxing New Village in Nantou Township was designed to be the capital of Taiwan Province from the former Taipei City. In 1981, the county seat was upgraded from Nantou Township to Nantou City. The Chi-Chi earthquake occurred in 1999.
There are 41 mountains with peaks over 3,000 meters high, with Mount Yu in Xinyi Township is the highest peak in Nantou County and in Taiwan with a height of 3,952 meters. Around 83% of Nantou County area is covered by hills and mountains.
Rain that falls into the mountains area converge into the Dadu River and Zhuoshui River. There are inland ponds and lakes throughout the mountains in the county, such as the Sun Moon Lake, Bi Pond, Liyu Pond and Cilin Pond.
The annual average temperature in Nantou County is 23 °C on level ground and 20 °C on mountains. The annual average rainfall is less than 1,750 mm on level ground and 2,800 mm on mountains. The rainy season lasts from April to September and the dry season lasts from October to March.
Nantou County consists of 1 city, 4 urban townships, 6 rural townships, 2 mountain indigenous townships, 128 villages and 133 neighborhoods. Nantou City is the seat of the county which houses the Nantou County Government and Nantou County Council. The incumbent Magistrate of Nantou County is Lin Ming-chen of the Kuomintang.
|Ren-ai (Ren'ai)||仁愛鄉||Jîn-ài||Yìn-oi||Atayal, Bunun, Seediq|
Demographics and cultureEdit
|Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census.|
Nantou County has a population of 517,037 people as of January 2014.
There are 2 colleges, 13 senior high and vocational schools, 30 junior high schools, 149 elementary schools, 106 kindergartens and 84 day care centers in the county. Notable universities in the county are National Chi Nan University and Nan Kai University of Technology.
Nantou County houses Taiwan's first pumped-storage hydroelectric power plant, the Takuan Pumped Storage Hydro Power Plant commissioned in 1985 with an installed capacity of 1,008 MW. It also houses Taiwan's largest pumped-storage hydroelectric power plant, the Mingtan Pumped Storage Hydro Power Plant with an installed capacity of 1,602 MW. Both power plants are located in Shueili Township along the Shuili River.
- Chung Tai Chan Monastery
- Paper Dome
- Fonghuanggu Bird and Ecology Park
- Formosan Aboriginal Culture Village
- Jufang Hall
- Lalu Island
- Ming Shan Resort
- Nantou County Culture Park
- Qingjing Farm
- Shanlinxi Forest Recreation Area
- Sun Moon Lake
- Taroko National Park
- Wushe Incident Memorial Park
- Xitou Nature Education Area
- Yushan National Park
- See List of administrative divisions of Taiwan
- "Dong Ding Oolong Tea: Product Description". The Brixton Tea Party. 2013. Retrieved April 27, 2013.
- "Nantou of Yesterday". Nantou County Government. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- "Profile of Nantou County". Nantou County Government. 2015.
- "Organization". Nantou County Government. 2015.
- 臺灣地區鄉鎮市區級以上行政區域名稱中英對照表 (PDF). Online Translation System of Geographic Name, Ministry of Interior. 16 June 2011. p. 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2012.
- "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election".
- "Profile of Nantou County". Nantou County Government. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
Language: Mandarin is the official language; Taiwanese, Hakka, English and dialects of aborigines are also spoken.
- "About the Schools in Nantou County". Nantou County Government. 2007.