Yunlin County

Yunlin County (Mandarin pinyin: Yúnlín Xiàn; Taigi POJ: Hûn-lîm-koān; Hakka PFS: Yùn-lìm-yen) is a county in western Taiwan. It is located east of the Taiwan Strait, west of Nantou County, and is separated from Changhua County by the Zhuoshui River and from Chiayi County by the Beigang River. Yunlin is part of the Chianan Plain, a flat land known for its agriculture. Agricultural products of Yunlin County include pomelo, tea leaves, suan cai, papaya and muskmelon. Yunlin's rivers give it potential for hydroelectricity. Douliu is the largest and capital city of Yunlin. Yunlin is one of the least developed counties on the West coast, and suffers from emigration.[1]

Yunlin County

雲林縣
Top:Shiluo Bridge and Choushui River, Second left:Chaotian Temple in Peigang, Second right:Shinqi Memorial Museum, Third left:Caolin in Tongluo, Third right:Erlun Memorial Museum, Bottom:Dounan Railroad Station
Top:Shiluo Bridge and Choushui River, Second left:Chaotian Temple in Peigang, Second right:Shinqi Memorial Museum, Third left:Caolin in Tongluo, Third right:Erlun Memorial Museum, Bottom:Dounan Railroad Station
Flag of Yunlin County
Flag
Official seal of Yunlin County
Logo
Taiwan ROC political division map Yunlin County.svg
Coordinates: 23°42′18″N 120°28′34″E / 23.70489°N 120.47607°E / 23.70489; 120.47607Coordinates: 23°42′18″N 120°28′34″E / 23.70489°N 120.47607°E / 23.70489; 120.47607
CountryTaiwan
RegionWestern Taiwan
SeatDouliu City
Largest cityDouliu City
Boroughs1 cities, 19 (5 urban, 14 rural) townships
Government
 • County MagistrateChang Li-shan (KMT)
Area
 • Total1,290.84 km2 (498.40 sq mi)
Area rank13 of 22
Population
 (Sep. 2019)
 • Total682,066
 • Rank12 of 22
 • Density530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
ISO 3166 codeTW-YUN
Websitewww.yunlin.gov.tw
Symbols
BirdFormosan blue magpie (Urocissa caerulea)
FlowerMoth orchid (Phalaenopsis)
TreeCamphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)
Yunlin County
Traditional Chinese雲林

HistoryEdit

Dutch FormosaEdit

During the Dutch Formosa era, Ponkan (modern-day Beigang) was an important coastal castle.[2]

Qing DynastyEdit

Yunlin County was established during the Qing Dynasty. Liu Mingchuan was in charge of Taiwan, which had been divided into three counties since 1683, Yunlin being part of Zhuluo County. Mountains made transportation and communication between bordering counties (Changhua and Chiayi) difficult, so Liu suggested a new county, called Yunlin, for easier management. In 1887, Yunlin became one of the four counties of the new Taiwan Prefecture.[2]

Japanese ruleEdit

During Japanese rule, Yunlin (as Unrin) County was again abolished due to the resistance from the local people and combined with Tainan Prefecture. However, Toroku Town (斗六街, modern-day Douliu) continued to be an important city of central Taiwan.

Post-warEdit

The Yunlin area remained under Tainan County after the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on October 25, 1945. On August 16, 1950, Yunlin County was separated from Tainan County, with Douliu Township as the county seat. On December 25, 1981, Douliu Township was upgraded to a county-controlled city. Yunlin is the only county on Taiwan island without a city of the same name.

GeographyEdit

Yunlin County is located in the central-south portion of western Taiwan and is at the northern tip of the Chianan Plain. The county is bordered by Nantou County to the east, the Taiwan Strait to the west, Chiayi County to the south separated by the Beigang River, and Changhua County to the north separated by the Zhuoshui River. Its widest distance from east to west is 50 km (31 mi) and from north to south is 38 km (24 mi), with a total area of 1,290.83 km2 (498.39 sq mi).

GeologyEdit

Around 80% of Yunlin County are plains and the other 10% are hills.[3] Generally the county is covered with high green space.[4] In 2015, the county experienced 75% of Taiwan's total land subsidence, over an area of 600 km2 (230 sq mi) due to its groundwater overuse.[5]

ClimateEdit

The weather in the county is tropical, with an annual average temperature of 22.6 °C and an average annual rainfall of 1,028.9 mm.

AdministrationEdit

 
Chang Li-shan, Magistrate of Yunlin County

Yunlin County is divided into 1 city, 5 urban townships and 14 rural townships.[6][7][8] Douliu City is the county seat and home to the Yunlin County Government and the Yunlin County Council. Chang Li-shan of the Kuomintang is the incumbent Magistrate of Yunlin County.

Type Name Chinese Taiwanese Hakka
City Douliu City 斗六 Táu-la̍k Téu-liuk
Urban
townships
Beigang 北港 Pak-káng Pet-kóng
Dounan 斗南 Táu-lâm Téu-nàm
Huwei 虎尾 Hó͘-bóe Fú-mî
Tuku 土庫 Thô͘-khò͘ Thú-khù
Xiluo 西螺 Sai-lê Sî-lô
Rural
townships
Baozhong 褒忠 Po-tiong Pô-chûng
Cihtong (Citong) 莿桐 Chhì-tông Tshṳ̀-thùng
Dapi 大埤 Tōa-pi Thai-phî
Dongshi 東勢 Tang-sì Tûng-sṳ
Erlun 二崙 Jī-lūn Ngi-lûn
Gukeng 古坑 Kó͘-kheⁿ Kú-hâng
Kouhu 口湖 Kháu-ô͘ Khiéu-fù
Linnei 林內 Nâ-lāi Lìm-nui
Lunbei 崙背 Lūn-pòe Lûn-poi
Mailiao 麥寮 Be̍h-liâu Ma̍k-liàu
Shuilin 水林 Chúi-nâ Súi-lìm
Sihu 四湖 Sì-ô͘ Si-fù
Taisi (Taixi) 臺西 Tâi-se Thòi-sî
Yuanzhang 元長 Goân-chiáng Ngièn-tshòng

Color indicates the statutory language status of Hakka in the respective subdivisions.

PoliticsEdit

Yunlin County elected two Democratic Progressive Party legislators to the Legislative Yuan during the 2016 legislative election.[9]

Demographics and CultureEdit

YearPop.±%
1985 791,186—    
1990 753,639−4.7%
1995 753,998+0.0%
2000 743,368−1.4%
2005 728,490−2.0%
2010 717,653−1.5%
2015 699,633−2.5%
Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census.

Cultural activities in the county is regulated by the Bureau of Cultural Affairs of the Yunlin County Government, which holds exhibitions, speeches, performances and studies to promote the arts and related activities.[10]

SportsEdit

The county government promotes many sports. The Douliu Baseball Stadium and Yunlin County Stadium are two of the international-level sports facilities in the county.

The first for-all-people games were held in Yunlin County in 2000. The county also hosted the 2005 National Games. In the 2011 National Games at Changhua, Yunlin ranked 11th out of the 22 counties and cities of Taiwan, with 10 gold, 8 silver and 8 bronze medals.[11]

EconomyEdit

 
Formosa Plastics Group plant at the Mai-Liao Industrial Complex.

Yunlin County's economy relies mainly on agricultural production, including fresh-water fisheries, although there are also industrial parks. As of 2006, the land use for agriculture, forestry and fishery production accounts about 66.45% of its area.[4] As of July 2015, the county had a total debt of NT$64.8 billion.[12] Monthly, the county government spend NT$600 million for staffs salary and another NT$600 million for retirement funds.[13]

AgricultureEdit

Farmlands accounts for around 68% of Yunlin County's area. Good weather and fertile lands allows various seasonal crops. Among the agricultural products are coffee, hard clams, horseshoe calms, Taiwan tilapia, shaddock, soy sauce, pickled cabbage, peanuts and sesame oil.[14]

FisheryEdit

Yunlin County boasts excellent fishing grounds along its coastline. There are several leading fishing ports, at Boziliao, Santiaolun, Taixi, Taizicun, and Jinhu. Several institutions were established in the county to help the development of the county's fishing industries: the Taixi Experimental Fishing Grounds, the Seawater Fish Farming Research Center, the Aquaculture Experimental Station, and the Agriculture Council.

LivestockEdit

Livestock farming includes pigs, cows, chickens, geese and ducks. The county government has been aggressively helping the dairy farmers to upgrade their feeding techniques, and also set up modern meat-packing facilities.

TourismEdit

The county government plans to develop the tourism and recreational industries within the county, such as by establishing a holiday fish market at the Boziliao Fishing Port in the hopes of attracting more visitors.[15]

EducationEdit

The county is home to four universities: the China Medical University Beigang Campus, the National Formosa University, the National Yunlin University of Science and Technology and the TransWorld University. There are 8 public senior high schools, 9 private high schools, 32 junior high schools and 156 elementary schools, as well as the National Yunlin Special Education School.

To promote lifelong learning, the Yunlin County Government established a community university in 2001 with 6 learning centers to offer county residents more opportunities.

EnergyEdit

Power generationsEdit

Yunlin County houses one power plant, the Mailiao Power Plant, in Mailiao Township. Commissioned in July 1999, it has a capacity of 4,200 MW and is the third largest coal-fired power plant in Taiwan.

Water supplyEdit

Currently, most of the county residence use groundwater as their water supply. However, in 2016 the Hushan Dam was opened in Douliu City in which its reservoir will soon supply the water needs for the county residence.[16]

Tourist attractionsEdit

Historical buildingsEdit

Historical buildings in the county include the House of Citizen-Memorial Hall of Attendance, Jhen Wen Academy, Erlun Story House and Xiluo Theater.

Scenic spotEdit

Caoling is a popular mountain scenic spot in Yunlin County.

TemplesEdit

Prominent Temples in the county include;

  • Beigang Chaotian Temple (北港朝天宮): one of the most important Mazu temples in Taiwan and known for its magnificent temple architecture, visited by more than a million pilgrims every year
  • Beigang Wude Temple (北港武德宮): one of the largest temple dedicated to Xuan Tan Zhen Jun (玄壇真君), Martial God of Wealth
  • Xiluo Guangfu Temple (西螺廣福宮): prominent Mazu temple in Xiluo township
  • Xiluo Fuxing Temple (西螺福興宮): prominent Mazu temple in Xiluo township, have an annual procession during Mazu's Birthday
  • Yong'an Temple (楊厝永安宮): a popular temple dedicated to the Deity known as Kai Zhang Sheng Wang (開漳聖王)

Museums and cultural centersEdit

Yunlin County is home to several museums and cultural centers, such as the Beigang Cultural Center, Farming and Irrigation Artifacts Museum, Honey Museum, Museum of Beigang Story, Soy Sauce Brewing Museum, Yunlin Hand Puppet Museum, Yunlin Story House and Zhaoan Hakka Cultural Hall.

FestivalsEdit

Festivals, such as the Beigang International Music Festival, are regularly held in the county.

Theme parksEdit

The Janfusun Fancyworld is a theme park in the county.

NatureEdit

Yunlin County houses the Chenglong Wetlands, Erlun Sports Park, Penglai Waterfall and Ten Thousand Year Gorge.

TransportationEdit

RailEdit

Taiwan High Speed Rail Yunlin Station is located at Huwei Township. Taiwan Railway Administration has stations at Linnei, Shiliu, Douliu, Dounan and Shigui.

RoadsEdit

National Highway No. 1 and No. 3 pass through Yunlin County. Famous bridges in the county are the Xiluo Bridge, connecting the county to the neighboring Changhua County, and the Beigang Tourist Bridge, connecting the county to the neighboring Chiayi County.

AirEdit

Yunlin County does not have any airport. The nearest airport is the Chiayi Airport located in neighboring Chiayi County.

Relative locationEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 陳其育 (2012-01-01). "社會網絡、人力資本對社會流動的影響──以新北市雲林同鄉會為例 [The Impact of Social Networks and Human Capital on Social Mobility: A Study of the Yunlin County Association of New Taipei City]". 臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文 (in Chinese): 1–58. doi:10.6342/NTU.2012.01244. Retrieved 2020-03-05. According to the Taiwan government's internal migration data, Yunlin County is one of the regions with the largest emigration. About 400,000 Yunlin County's residents moved to new Taipei county. The people from the Yunlin county organized the Yunlin Association of New Taipei City. This study focused on these Yunlin Association members. Why the group of people from the same hometown are differing within later social mobility. This study is trying to verify either the social network or the human capital is the main factor behind it.
  2. ^ a b "Historical Evolution". The Roots of Yunlin. Yunlin County Government. Archived from the original on 6 August 2016. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  3. ^ "The Roots of Yunlin-Geographical Location-Yunlin County Government". Archived from the original on 2014-08-19. Retrieved 2014-08-19.
  4. ^ a b "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-08-15. Retrieved 2017-08-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Hushan Reservoir operation in July to ease land subsidence in Yunlin - Society - FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS". focustaiwan.tw. Archived from the original on 2018-06-12. Retrieved 2016-04-10.
  6. ^ "Village, Township and City offices". 雲林縣政府 YUNLIN COUNTY GOVERNMENT. 24 September 2019. Retrieved 27 March 2020. Title PostDate Shueilin Township{...}Linnei Township{...}Kouhu Township{...}Cihtong Township{...}Sihhu Township{...}Dapi Township{...}Yuanchang Township{...}Gukeng Township{...}Taisi Township{...}Beigang Township{...}Baojhong Township{...}Tuku Township{...}Dongshih Township{...}Siluo Township{...}Mailiao Township{...}Huwei Township{...}Lunbei Township{...}Dounan Township{...}Erlun Township{...}Douliou City{...}
  7. ^ "Geographical Location". Yunlin County Government. 2019-05-15. Archived from the original on 13 June 2018. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  8. ^ 地理介紹. 雲林縣政府 (in Chinese). 2018-03-29. Archived from the original on 12 May 2019. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
  9. ^ "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-02-24.
  10. ^ "City development-Industrial and Commercial Construction-Yunlin County Government". Archived from the original on 2014-08-19. Retrieved 2014-08-19.
  11. ^ "City development-Education and Culture-Yunlin County Government". Archived from the original on 2014-08-19. Retrieved 2014-08-19.
  12. ^ "Yunlin facing funds shortfall, but vows to address issue". Archived from the original on 2015-07-17. Retrieved 2015-07-16.
  13. ^ "Yunlin County to face fund shortage in October". Archived from the original on 2015-08-22. Retrieved 2015-08-16.
  14. ^ "Attractions > Hot Spots > Yunlin County >". Archived from the original on 2014-10-10. Retrieved 2014-10-07.
  15. ^ "City development-Local industries-Yunlin County Government". Archived from the original on 2014-09-14. Retrieved 2014-09-14.
  16. ^ "Hushan Reservoir to be completed in 2014". Archived from the original on 2016-04-12. Retrieved 2016-04-02.

External linksEdit