Xueshan, formerly known as Mount Sylvia and by other names, is a mountain in the Heping District of Taichung, Taiwan. It is the 2nd-highest mountain in Taiwan and in East Asia, at 3,886 m (12,749 ft) above sea level. It is located in the Shei-Pa National Park and is visible in good weather from hills near Taiwan's capital Taipei.
|Elevation||3,886 m (12,749 ft)|
|Prominence||1,932 m (6,339 ft)|
100 Peaks of Taiwan
|Location||Heping District, Taichung/|
Tai'an, Miaoli County, Taiwan
|Parent range||Xueshan Range|
|Easiest route||Maintained trail, snow/ice climb during some winter months|
|Literal meaning||Snowy Mountain|
|Literal meaning||3-Prong Mountain|
|Literal meaning||Next-Highest Mountain|
During the Qing Dynasty, the mountain was known to Westerners as Mount Sylvia. It was also known as Shan-chas-shan (properly, Sānchāshān) from a Chinese name meaning "3-Forked" or "3-Prong Mountain". During Japan's occupation of Taiwan, improved surveys showed that Xueshan was shorter than Yushan on Taiwan but taller than Mount Fuji in the Japanese Islands. Its name was accordingly changed to Tsugitakayama(次高山), meaning "Next-" or "Second-Highest Mountain", in 1923.
Xueshan is a part of the Shei-Pa National Park and so climbers are required to apply for a park entry permit. This can be done 7–30 days in advance. After that a police mountain entry permit must be applied for. This can be done at the police station in Wuling Farm on the spot.
There are two cabins on the trail. The first, Chika Cabin, is at the 2.0 kilometers (1.2 mi) mark. The second, 369 Cabin, is at the 6.9 kilometers (4.3 mi) mark. Both cabins are spartan, and contain bunker style beds. Hikers must bring their own sleeping and cooking gear.
The peak is at the 10.9 kilometers (6.8 mi) mark.
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