Miyazaki Prefecture (宮崎県, Miyazaki-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū.[1] Miyazaki Prefecture has a population of 1,073,054 as of 1 June 2019 and has a geographic area of 7,735 km2 (2,986 sq mi). Miyazaki Prefecture borders Ōita Prefecture to the north, Kumamoto Prefecture to the northwest, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the southwest.

Miyazaki Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese宮崎県
 • RōmajiMiyazaki-ken
Panoramic view of the Kakutō Basin in Ebino City, Miyazaki Prefecture. The Ebino Interchange between the Kyushu and Miyazaki Expressways can be seen
Panoramic view of the Kakutō Basin in Ebino City, Miyazaki Prefecture. The Ebino Interchange between the Kyushu and Miyazaki Expressways can be seen
Flag of Miyazaki Prefecture
Official logo of Miyazaki Prefecture
Anthem: Miyazaki kenminka
Location of Miyazaki Prefecture
Country Japan
CapitalMiyazaki (city)
SubdivisionsDistricts: 6, Municipalities: 26
 • GovernorShunji Kōno
 • Total7,735.32 km2 (2,986.62 sq mi)
 • Rank14th
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total1,073,054
 • Rank36th
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-45
Symbols of Japan
BirdIjima copper pheasant (Phasianus soemmerringii ijimae)
FlowerHamayu (Crinum asiaticum var. japonicum)
TreePhoenix palm (Phoenix canariensis)

Miyazaki is the capital and largest city of Miyazaki Prefecture, with other major cities including Miyakonojō, Nobeoka, and Hyūga. Miyazaki Prefecture is located in southeastern Kyūshū on Japan's Pacific coast, with its coastline extending from Nobeoka near the entrance to the Bungo Channel to Shibushi Bay in Kushima.

History edit

Historically, after the Meiji Restoration, Hyūga Province was renamed Miyazaki Prefecture.[2]

In Japan, Miyazaki Prefecture was first created in 1873 when Mimitsu Prefecture was merged with parts of Miyakonojō Prefecture. The first Miyazaki existed only until 1876 when it was merged (back) into Kagoshima Prefecture. Under public pressure and demands in the Kagoshima Prefectural Assembly, Miyazaki became finally independent from Kagoshima in 1883.[3]

Geography edit

Miyazaki Prefecture is on the eastern coast of the island of Kyushu, surrounded by the Pacific Ocean to the south and east, Ōita Prefecture to the north, and Kumamoto and Kagoshima prefectures to the west. It is one of only two locations on Earth where the fungus Chorioactis geaster is found.[4] Miyazaki is the home of the hyuganatsu fruit. It is also home to two virgin forests of the palm Livistona chinensis, one of which, on the islet of Aoshima, Miyazaki, is the northernmost reproducing population of its native range.[5]

As of 31 March 2019, 12% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Kirishima-Kinkōwan National Park; Kyūshū Chūō Sanchi, Nichinan Kaigan, Nippō Kaigan, and Sobo-Katamuki Quasi-National Parks; and Mochio-Sekinoo, Osuzu, Saitobaru-Sugiyasukyō, Sobo Katamuki, Wanitsuka, and Yatake Kōgen Prefectural Natural Parks.[6][7]

Ōyodo River in Miyazaki City
Cape Toi, habitat of Cycas revoluta (Sotetsu)
Takachiho Valley

Cities edit

Map of Miyazaki Prefecture
     City      Town      Village

Nine cities are in Miyazaki Prefecture:

Name Area (km2) Population Map
Rōmaji Kanji
  Ebino えびの市 282.93 18,337  
  Hyūga 日向市 336.94 60,037  
  Kobayashi 小林市 562.95 44,154  
  Kushima 串間市 295.16 17,457  
  Miyakonojō 都城市 653.36 161,137  
  Miyazaki (capital) 宮崎市 643.67 398,215  
  Nichinan 日南市 536.11 51,241  
  Nobeoka 延岡市 868.02 119,521  
  Saito 西都市 438.79 29,262  

Districts edit

Miyazaki prefecture population pyramid in 2020

These are the towns and villages of each district:

Name Area (km2) Population District Type Map
Rōmaji Kanji
  Aya 綾町 95.19 7,023 Higashimorokata District Town  
  Gokase 五ヶ瀬町 171.73 3,537 Nishiusuki District Town  
  Hinokage 日之影町 277.67 3,656 Nishiusuki District Town  
  Kadogawa 門川町 120.52 17,526 Higashiusuki District Town  
  Kawaminami 川南町 90.12 15,372 Koyu District Town  
  Kijō 木城町 145.96 5,008 Koyu District Town  
  Kunitomi 国富町 130.63 18,717 Higashimorokata District Town  
  Mimata 三股町 110.02 25,379 Kitamorokata District Town  
  Misato 美郷町 448.84 4,823 Higashiusuki District Town  
  Morotsuka 諸塚村 187.56 1,532 Higashiusuki District Village  
  Nishimera 西米良村 271.51 1,013 Koyu District Village  
  Shiiba 椎葉村 537.29 2,579 Higashiusuki District Village  
  Shintomi 新富町 61.53 16,663 Koyu District Town  
  Takachiho 高千穂町 237.54 11,959 Nishiusuki District Town  
  Takaharu 高原町 85.39 8,709 Nishimorokata District Town  
  Takanabe 高鍋町 43.8 20,185 Koyu District Town  
  Tsuno 都農町 102.11 10,028 Koyu District Town  

Mergers edit

Sports edit

The sports teams/events listed below are based in Miyazaki.

Football (soccer) edit

Basketball (Bj League) edit

Golf (Japan Golf Tour) edit

Press Media edit

Newspaper edit

  • Miyazaki Daily Newspaper
  • Evening Daily (Different from the Daily Sports evening edition published in Kanto)
  • The Yomiuri Shimbun, Asahi Shimbun, Mainichi Shimbun, Nishi Nihon Shimbun and Minami Nihon Shimbun also have branch offices and communication departments in the prefecture.

The Miyazaki Nichi-Nichi Shimbun is a local newspaper covering the entire area of Miyazaki Prefecture.

The Yomiuri / Asahi / Daily newspapers handle the Miyazaki edition, and the Nishi-Nippon Shimbun handles articles in the prefecture within Minami Kyushu Wide (two prefectures in Miyazaki and Kagoshima). The Minami Nihon Shimbun is a local newspaper in Kagoshima Prefecture, but it is also sold in the western part of the prefecture (prefectures). The Nishi Nihon Shimbun ended its publication in both Miyazaki and Kagoshima prefectures on March 31, 2018 (the same applies to West Japan Sports).

Telecast edit

TV station Status edit

In this prefecture, even after many broadcasting stations (Heisei New Station) opened in other prefectures and the number of channels increased, private broadcasting as the target area of broadcasting is the Fuji TV series main TV Miyazaki (UMK) and TBS series There are only two stations of Miyazaki Broadcasting (MRT). In the 1990s, a third commercial TV station was scheduled to be created, but it has been abandoned, and there are no plans or plans for the opening of a new station (see details in the separate section).

There are other prefectures (Fukui Prefecture and Yamanashi Prefecture) where there are only two commercial broadcasters, but these prefectures are areas where broadcast stations in the neighboring prefectures can watch by means of public hearing facilities, cable TV (CATV) or direct reception outside the area. Is the majority. On the other hand, in this prefecture, as will be described later, the penetration rate of cable TV is low for the number of private broadcasters, and the reception outside the area is also limited to Kagoshima Prefecture in parts of Ebino City, Miyakonojo City, Kushima City, Mimata Town There is a relative disparity in information in Japan because the broadcast area is limited to the broadcast area where Kumamoto Prefecture is the broadcast area in some areas such as Gokase-cho. It is said that.

Until the opening of NHK Miyazaki Broadcasting Station in July 1960, the Kagoshima Station was received in Miyazaki City, and before the Kagoshima Station was opened, the Hiroshima Station was received using ionospheric reflection, as well as Gokase Town and Shiiba Village. Then Kumamoto station was watched. See Gokase Relay Station for the situation in Gokase Town.

On the other hand, as described above, there are only two channels that can be directly viewed in Miyazaki Prefecture as described above (this is not the case if you can watch stations in neighboring prefectures). There are also locations that receive broadcasts from neighboring prefectures (mainly Kagoshima and Kumamoto Prefectures) that perform full networks of the ANN (TV Asahi) series and NNS / NNN (Nippon TV) series, which are sub-affiliated sub-series. (Refer to the separate section for details.)

Proposed TV Station edit

In 1990, the third private broadcasting station was assigned (Miyazaki 21ch), and about 400 licenses were filed. Among them, NTV had a plan to set up a broadcasting station with Okinawa (see Southwest Broadcasting for Okinawa), but it was necessary to inject funds into satellite broadcasting due to the effects of the recession after the collapse of the bubble economy and satellite broadcasting.

By April 1993, “The program will be provided free of charge, but it will not support the opening of the station and will not be given any compensation for the network” (meaning that you have to search for sponsors yourself), and will advance to Miyazaki as a key station. Abandoned. For this reason, there was a plan to use TV Asahi as a key station later, but the TV Asahi side showed disappointment, thus the idea of setting up the third station was on the reef and on September 6, 2000. The radio wave assignment has been canceled. The land reserved for the new Miyazaki station later became a parking lot.

Former Governor Hideo Higashikokubaru also posted an extension of the TV station in the manifesto, but this was not necessarily a terrestrial commercial release, but also an image of Internet TV. On the other hand, the Institute for Manifest Research at Waseda University has judged this manifest as a C evaluation (minimum of the three stages of A, B, and C), which is “substantially delayed or policy change".

Miyazaki Method edit

The Miyazaki system for TV transmitters means that the local government that is the beneficiary bears a part of the installation cost of the relay station.

As a private broadcasting station, the coverage rate in the prefecture is almost 100% just by setting up a plan station, so the installation of a relay station in a mountainous area was not expected to be cost-effective. This was the direction of installation due to the fact that the local government in the Irago district (current Misato-cho, Togo-cho, Hyuga-shi, Morozuka-mura, Shiiba-mura) applied to the broadcasting station for a part of the installation cost in 1973. . As a result, relay stations were set up in Irago, Hinata Saigo, Togo (1973), Kita Morozuka, Minami Morozuka, Shiiba (1974). Since then, this method has basically been adopted for relay stations installed in Miyazaki Prefecture.

Radio edit

  • NHK Miyazaki Broadcasting Station (AM / FM)
  • Miyazaki Broadcasting (MRT Radio) (JRN / NRN series)
  • FM Miyazaki (JOY FM) (JFN affiliate, TV Miyazaki affiliate)
  • Miyazaki Sunshine FM (community broadcast)-Miyazaki City resends music bird in some time zone
  • City FM Miyakonojo (Community Broadcast)-Miyakonojo City, resend J-WAVE at certain times
  • FM beoka (community broadcast)-Nobeoka
  • FM Hyuga (Community Broadcasting)-Hyuga City / Kadokawa Town, operated by Cable Media Waiwai, re-sends music birds at some times

In Miyazaki City, there was a community FM station, Miyazaki City FM (City FM77), which was closed on October 31, 2005.

Transportation edit

Rail edit

Bus edit

  • Miyazaki Kōtsu

Airport edit

Miyazaki Airport

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Miyazaki prefecture" at Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 651, p. 651, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Prefectural government of Miyazaki (2013): 宮崎県 置県130年 (Miyazaki-ken chiken 130-nen, "Miyazaki Prefecture – 130 years [since/after] the establishment of the prefecture"), retrieved September 1, 2020.
  4. ^ Nagao H, Kurogi S, Kiyota E, Sasatomi K (2009). "Kumanasamuha geaster sp. nov., an anamorph of Chorioactis geaster from Japan". Mycologia. 101 (6): 871–877. doi:10.3852/08-121. PMID 19927753. S2CID 27704164.
  5. ^ "Exploring for Palms in Japan" (PDF). 14 February 2017. University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Retrieved 24 December 2021
  6. ^ 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. 31 March 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  7. ^ 宮崎の国定公園・県立自然公園 [Quasi-National and Prefectural Natural Parks of Miyazaki] (in Japanese). Miyazaki Prefecture. Retrieved 12 August 2019.

References edit

External links edit

Video Footage edit

The following travel- and tourism-related videos were shot and provided by video artist egawauemon.

32°1′N 131°21′E / 32.017°N 131.350°E / 32.017; 131.350