Miyagi Prefecture

Miyagi Prefecture (宮城県, Miyagi-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Tōhoku region of Honshu.[1] Miyagi Prefecture has a population of 2,305,596 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 7,282 km2 (2,812 sq mi). Miyagi Prefecture borders Iwate Prefecture to the north, Akita Prefecture to the northwest, Yamagata Prefecture to the west, and Fukushima Prefecture to the south.

Miyagi Prefecture
宮城県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese宮城県
 • RōmajiMiyagi-ken
Flag of Miyagi Prefecture
Official logo of Miyagi Prefecture
Location of Miyagi Prefecture
Country Japan
RegionTōhoku
IslandHonshu
CapitalSendai
SubdivisionsDistricts: 10, Municipalities: 35
Government
 • GovernorYoshihiro Murai
Area
 • Total7,282.22 km2 (2,811.68 sq mi)
Area rank16th
Population
 (October 1, 2020)
 • Total2,301,996
 • Rank15th
 • Density320/km2 (820/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-04
Websitewww.pref.miyagi.jp
Symbols
BirdWild goose
FlowerMiyagi bush clover (Lespedeza thunbergii)
TreeJapanese zelkova
(Zelkova serrata)

Sendai is the capital and largest city of Miyagi Prefecture, and the largest city in the Tōhoku region, with other major cities including Ishinomaki, Ōsaki, and Tome.[2] Miyagi Prefecture is located on Japan's eastern Pacific coast and bounded to the west by the Ōu Mountains, the longest mountain range in Japan, with 24% of its total land area being designated as Natural Parks. Miyagi Prefecture is home to Matsushima Islands, a group of islands ranked as one of the Three Views of Japan, near the town of Matsushima.

HistoryEdit

Miyagi Prefecture was formerly part of the province of Mutsu.[3]

2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunamiEdit

On March 11, 2011, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake and a subsequent major tsunami hit Miyagi Prefecture, causing major damage to the area.[4] The tsunami was estimated to be approximately 10 metres (33 ft) high in Miyagi Prefecture.[5]

On April 7, 2011, a magnitude 7.4 earthquake struck off the coast of Miyagi, Japan. Workers were then evacuated from the nearby troubled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear facility once again, as a tsunami warning was issued for the coastline. Residents were told to flee for inner land at that time.

In 2013, Crown Prince Naruhito and Crown Princess Masako visited the prefecture to see the progress made since the tsunami.[6]

Once again, the prefecture was struck by a powerful M 7.3 earthquake off the coast of Fukushima Prefecture. The earthquake caused widespread damage in Miyagi Prefecture, most notably in the city of Yamamoto, where a Shindo rating of 7 was observed.

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Miyagi Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town      Village

Miyagi Prefecture is in the central part of Tōhoku, facing the Pacific Ocean, and contains Tōhoku's largest city, Sendai. There are high mountains on the west and along the northeast coast, but the central plain around Sendai is fairly large.

Matsushima is known as one of the three most scenic views of Japan, with a bay full of 260 small islands covered in pine groves.

Oshika Peninsula projects from the northern coastline of the prefecture.

As of 31 March 2019, 24% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Sanriku Fukkō National Park; Kurikoma and Zaō Quasi-National Parks; and Abukuma Keikoku, Asahiyama, Funagata Renpō, Futakuchi Kyōkoku, Kenjōsan Mangokuura, Kesennuma, Matsushima, and Zaō Kōgen Prefectural Natural Parks.[7][8]

CitiesEdit

Fourteen cities are located in Miyagi Prefecture:

Name Area (km2) Population Map
Rōmaji Kanji
  Higashimatsushima 東松島市 101.36 39,098  
  Ishinomaki 石巻市 554.55 140,151  
  Iwanuma 岩沼市 60.45 44,068  
  Kakuda 角田市 147.53 27,976  
  Kesennuma 気仙沼市 332.44 61,147  
  Kurihara 栗原市 804.97 64,637  
  Natori 名取市 98.17 78,718  
  Ōsaki 大崎市 796.76 127,330  
  Sendai (capital) 仙台市 786.3 1,096,704  
  Shiogama 塩竈市 17.37 52,203  
  Shiroishi 白石市 286.48 32,758  
  Tagajō 多賀城市 19.69 62,827  
  Tome 登米市 536.12 76,037  
  Tomiya 富谷市 49.18 51,651  

Towns and villagesEdit

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Name Area (km2) Population District Type Map
Rōmaji Kanji
  Kami 加美町 460.67 21,943 Kami District Town  
  Kawasaki 川崎町 270.77 8,637 Shibata District Town  
  Marumori 丸森町 273.3 13,092 Igu District Town  
  Matsushima 松島町 53.56 13,804 Miyagi District Town  
  Minamisanriku 南三陸町 163.4 12,516 Motoyoshi District Town  
  Misato 美里町 74.95 24,565 Tōda District Town  
  Murata 村田町 78.38 10,675 Shibata District Town  
  Ōgawara 大河原町 24.99 23,618 Shibata District Town  
  Ōhira 大衡村 60.32 5,918 Kurokawa District Village  
  Onagawa 女川町 65.35 6,319 Oshika District Town  
  Ōsato 大郷町 82.01 7,972 Kurokawa District Town  
  Rifu 利府町 44.89 36,014 Miyagi District Town  
  Shibata 柴田町 54.03 37,617 Shibata District Town  
  Shichigahama 七ヶ浜町 13.19 18,447 Miyagi District Town  
  Shichikashuku 七ヶ宿町 263.09 1,323 Katta District Town  
  Shikama 色麻町 109.28 6,723 Kami District Town  
  Taiwa 大和町 225.49 28,436 Kurokawa District Town  
  Wakuya 涌谷町 82.16 15,763 Tōda District Town  
  Watari 亘理町 73.6 33,459 Watari District Town  
  Yamamoto 山元町 64.58 12,100 Watari District Town  
  Zaō 蔵王町 152.83 11,790 Katta District Town  

MergersEdit

EconomyEdit

Although Miyagi has a good deal of fishing and agriculture, producing a great deal of rice and livestock, it is dominated by the manufacturing industries around Sendai, particularly electronics, appliances, and food processing.

As of March 2011, the prefecture produced 4.7% of Japan's rice, 23% of oysters, and 15.9% of sauries.[9]

In July 2011, the Japanese government decided to ban all shipments of beef cattle from northeast Miyagi Prefecture over fears of radioactive contamination.[10] This has since been rescinded.

PopulationEdit

According to Japanese census data, Miyagi prefecture experienced its greatest period of growth from 1940 to 1950 and continued to exhibit growth up until the 21st century.[11] Nevertheless, like the majority of Japan, the population of Miyagi has begun to slowly decline. The prefectural capital of Sendai, however, has seen a moderate, but steady rise in population over the past twenty years.[12]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1890 735,100—    
1920 962,000+30.9%
1930 1,143,000+18.8%
1940 1,271,000+11.2%
1950 1,663,000+30.8%
1960 1,743,000+4.8%
1970 1,819,000+4.4%
1980 2,082,000+14.5%
1990 2,249,000+8.0%
2000 2,365,320+5.2%
2010 2,348,165−0.7%
2020 2,301,996−2.0%

EducationEdit

UniversityEdit

TransportationEdit

 
Sendai Station in August 2010

RailEdit

RoadsEdit

Expressways and toll roadsEdit

National highwaysEdit

PortsEdit

AirportsEdit

SportsEdit

The sports teams listed below are based in Miyagi Prefecture.

Also, the Sendai Hi-Land Raceway hosts motorsport road races.

Visitor attractionsEdit

Sendai was the castle town of the daimyō Date Masamune. The remains of Sendai Castle stand on a hill above the city.

Miyagi Prefecture boasts one of Japan's three greatest sights. Matsushima, the pine-clad islands, dot the waters off the coast of the prefecture.

The following are also noted as attractions:

Famous festivals and eventsEdit

 
Suzume Dancing Event in Aoba Festival
 
Aoba Festival of Sendai
 
View of Traditional New Year's sale in Sendai
  • Sendai New Year's traditional Sale on January 2
  • Shiroishi Kokeshi Exhibition, May 3–5
  • Aoba Festival, Suzume Odori traditional Japanese dance event in May
  • Shiogama Port Festival in July
  • Sendai Tanabata Festival, August 6–8
  • Sendai Pageant of Starlight in December

Popular cultureEdit

Miyagi Prefecture is one of the main settings of the manga and anime series Haikyū!!. The most well-known fictional schools located there are Karasuno High School, Aoba Johsai High School, Date Tech High and Shiratorizawa Academy, as well as Sendai City Gymnasium. Another anime series Wake Up, Girls! is also setting in Miyagi Prefecture.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Miyagi prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 648, p. 648, at Google Books; "Tōhoku" in p. 970, p. 970, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Sendai" in p. 841, p. 841, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books
  4. ^ "Japan earthquake: Tsunami hits north-east". BBC News. March 11, 2011. Archived from the original on March 12, 2011.
  5. ^ Williams, Martyn. "Report from Japan: Impact of Tsunami Devastates Nation's Northeast". voanews.com. Archived from the original on 9 January 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Crown Prince Naruhito, Princess Masako visit tsunami victims in Miyagi". Japan Daily Press. Archived from the original on 2013-08-24. Retrieved 2013-08-22.
  7. ^ 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  8. ^ 宮城県の自然公園 [Natural Parks in Miyagi Prefecture] (in Japanese). Miyagi Prefecture. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  9. ^ Schreiber, Mark, "Japan's food crisis goes beyond recent panic buying Archived 2011-04-20 at the Wayback Machine", Japan Times, 17 April 2011, p. 9.
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ "Japan Prefectures Population from 1920 and Area". www.demographia.com. Retrieved 2021-12-24.
  12. ^ "Sendai (City (-shi), Miyagi, Japan) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2021-12-24.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 38°21′N 140°58′E / 38.350°N 140.967°E / 38.350; 140.967