Miyagi Prefecture

prefecture of Japan
Miyagi Prefecture
宮城県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 宮城県
 • Rōmaji Miyagi-ken
Flag of Miyagi Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Miyagi Prefecture
Symbol of Miyagi Prefecture
Location of Miyagi Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Island Honshu
Capital Sendai
Government
 • Governor Yoshihiro Murai
Area
 • Total 7,285.16 km2 (2,812.82 sq mi)
Area rank 17th
Population (June 30, 2016)
 • Total 2,321,358
 • Rank 15th
 • Density 318.64/km2 (825.3/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-04
Districts 10
Municipalities 35
Flower Miyagi bush clover (Lespedeza thunbergii)
Tree Japanese zelkova
(Zelkova serrata)
Bird Wild goose
Website www.pref.miyagi.jp/
english/

Miyagi Prefecture (宮城県 Miyagi-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan in the Tōhoku region on Honshu island.[1] The capital is Sendai.[2]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Miyagi Prefecture was formerly part of the province of Mutsu.[3] Mutsu Province, on northern Honshu, was one of the last provinces to be formed as land was taken from the indigenous Emishi, and became the largest as it expanded northward. The ancient capital was at Taga-jō in modern Miyagi Prefecture.

In the third month of second year of the Wadō era (709), there was an uprising against governmental authority in Mutsu Province and in nearby Echigo Province. Troops were promptly dispatched to subdue the revolt.[4]

In Wadō 5 (712), the land of Mutsu Province was administratively separated from Dewa Province. Empress Genmei's Daijō-kan continued to organize other cadastral changes in the provincial map of the Nara period, as in the following year when Mimasaka Province was divided from Bizen Province; Hyūga Province was sundered from Ōsumi Province; and Tanba Province was severed from Tango Province.[4]

During the Sengoku period various clans ruled different parts of the province. The Uesugi clan had a castle town at Wakamatsu in the south, the Nanbu clan at Morioka in the north, and Date Masamune, a close ally of the Tokugawa, established Sendai, which is now the largest town of the Tōhoku region.

In the Meiji period, four new provinces were created from parts of Mutsu: Rikuchū, Rikuzen, Iwaki, and Iwashiro.

The area that is now Aomori Prefecture continued to be part of Mutsu until the abolition of the han system and the nationwide conversion to the prefectural structure of modern Japan.

Date Masamune built a castle at Sendai as his seat to rule Mutsu. In 1871, Sendai Prefecture was formed. It was renamed Miyagi prefecture the following year.

2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunamiEdit

On March 11, 2011, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake and a subsequent major tsunami hit Miyagi Prefecture, causing major damage to the area.[5] The tsunami was estimated to be approximately 10 meters high in Miyagi Prefecture.[6]

On April 7, 2011: 7.4-magnitude earthquake strikes off coast of Miyagi, Japan, Japan's meteorological agency says. Workers were then evacuated from the nearby troubled Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear facility once again, as a tsunami warning was issued for the coastline. Residents were told to flee for inner land at this time.

Officials from the U.S. Geological Survey later downgraded the magnitude to 7.1 from 7.4.[7]

In 2013, Crown Prince Naruhito and Crown Princess Masako visited the prefecture to see the progress made since the tsunami.[8]

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Miyagi Prefecture

Miyagi Prefecture is in the central part of Tōhoku, facing the Pacific Ocean, and contains Tōhoku's largest city, Sendai. There are high mountains on the west and along the northeast coast, but the central plain around Sendai is fairly large.

Matsushima is known as one of the three most scenic views of Japan, with a bay full of 260 small islands covered in pine groves.

Oshika Peninsula projects from the northern coastline of the prefecture.

As of 1 April 2012, 23% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Rikuchū Kaigan National Park; Kurikoma, Minami Sanriku Kinkasan, and Zaō Quasi-National Parks; and Abukuma Keikoku, Asahiyama, Funagata Renpō, Futakuchi Kyōkoku, Kenjōsan Mangokuura, Kesennuma, Matsushima, and Zaō Kōgen Prefectural Natural Parks.[9]

CitiesEdit

Fourteen cities are located in Miyagi Prefecture:

  • Sendai - the largest and the capital city of the prefecture.

Towns and villagesEdit

These are the towns and villages in each district:

MergersEdit

EconomyEdit

Although Miyagi has a good deal of fishing and agriculture, producing a great deal of rice and livestock, it is dominated by the manufacturing industries around Sendai, particularly electronics, appliances, and food processing.

As of March 2011, the prefecture produced 4.7% of Japan's rice, 23% of oysters, and 15.9% of sauries.[10]

In July 2011, the Japanese government decided to ban all shipments of beef cattle from northeast Miyagi Prefecture over fears of radioactive contamination.[11] This has since been rescinded.

EducationEdit

TransportationEdit

 
Sendai Station in August 2010

RailEdit

RoadsEdit

Expressways and toll roadsEdit

National highwaysEdit

PortsEdit

AirportsEdit

SportsEdit

Visitor attractionsEdit

Sendai was the castle town of the daimyo Date Masamune. The remains of Sendai Castle stand on a hill above the city.

Miyagi Prefecture boasts one of Japan's three greatest sights. Matsushima, the pine-clad islands, dot the waters off the coast of the prefecture.

The following are also noted as attractions:

Famous festivals and eventsEdit

 
Suzume Dancing Event in Aoba Festival
 
Aoba Festival of Sendai
 
View of Traditional New Year's sale in Sendai
  • Sendai New Year's traditional Sale on January 2
  • Shiroishi Kokeshi Exhibition, May 3–5
  • Aoba Festival, Suzume Odori traditional Japanese dance event in May
  • Shiogama Port Festival in July
  • Sendai Tanabata Festival, August 6–8
  • Narugo Kokeshi Festival in September[citation needed]
  • Sendai Pageant of Starlight in December

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Miyagi prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 648, p. 648, at Google Books; "Tōhoku" in p. 970, p. 970, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Sendai" in p. 841, p. 841, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books
  4. ^ a b Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 64.
  5. ^ "Japan earthquake: Tsunami hits north-east". BBC News. March 11, 2011. 
  6. ^ http://www.voanews.com/english/news/asia/Devastating-Tsunami-Strikes-Northeastern-Japan-117803999.html
  7. ^ "CBS News World". April 7, 2011. Retrieved 7 April 2011. 
  8. ^ "Crown Prince Naruhito, Princess Masako visit tsunami victims in Miyagi". Japan Daily Press. 
  9. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  10. ^ Schreiber, Mark, "Japan's food crisis goes beyond recent panic buying", Japan Times, 17 April 2011, p. 9.
  11. ^ http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=710867&publicationSubCategoryId=200

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit