Tohoku University (東北大学 (東北帝國大學 prior to 1945) Tōhoku daigaku), abbreviated to Tohokudai (東北大 Tōhokudai), located in Sendai, Miyagi in the Tōhoku Region, Japan, is a Japanese national university. It is the third oldest Imperial University in Japan and among the National Seven Universities. It is considered one of the most prestigious universities in Japan, and one of the top fifty universities in the world.
|Motto||実学尊重の精神 (Practice-Oriented Research and Education)|
|Established||June 22, 1907|
|1,346 (international students)|
|Location||Sendai, Miyagi, Japan|
|Athletics||-- varsity teams|
In 2009, Tohoku University had ten colleges within the university, including fifteen departments with graduate students, with a total enrollment of 17,949 students. The university's three core values are "Research First (研究第一主義)," "Open-Door (門戸開放)," and "Practice-Oriented Research and Education (実学尊重)."
The origin of the university was Meirin-yokendo (明倫養賢堂 Meirin yōkendō), which was founded as a medical school in Sendai in 1736. It was reorganized a few times. Later it became Sendai Medical College (仙台医学専門学校 Sendai igaku senmon gakkō); this was the forerunner of the medical department of the university.
On June 22, 1907, the university was established under the name Tohoku Imperial University (東北帝國大學 Tōhoku teikoku daigaku) by the Meiji government as the third Imperial University of Japan, following the Tokyo Imperial University (1877) and the Kyoto Imperial University (1897). From its start, it has advocated "Open-door" policies—it was the first university in Japan to accept female students (in 1913) and foreign students.
It set up the Science Department in 1911, and the Medical Department (formerly the Sendai Medical College) in 1915. In 1918 it ceded the Faculty of Agriculture to Hokkaido Imperial University. It subsequently launched Faculties of Engineering in 1919, and Law and Literature in 1922.
In 1947 the university assumed its current name, Tohoku University, acquired a new Faculty of Agriculture. In 1949, the Faculty of Law and Literature was split to form new faculties of Law, Literature, and Economics. A Faculty of Education was added in 1949, Dentistry in 1965, and Pharmacy in 1972. Tohoku has been a national university corporation since April 2004.
2011 Tōhoku earthquakeEdit
The Aobayama, Katahira, Amamiya, and Kawauchi campuses are all at least 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) from the ocean, towards the mountains, and therefore suffered no damage resulting from the tsunami. No deaths or serious injuries within the faculty and student body were reported on campus grounds. However, earthquake damage lead to the closure of 27 buildings and caused millions of dollars of damage to equipment. Classes have resumed normally since early May 2011 and plans for restoring, reinforcing or replacing damaged buildings are underway.
The radiology department has been actively measuring radiation levels throughout the city of Sendai since the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant meltdown, which is about 100 kilometers south. So far no alarming levels of radiation have been detected.
In 2009, Tohoku University was one of 13 universities selected by the Japanese government to lead the internationalisation of higher education in Japan. This venture, known as the Global 30 Project, takes the form of new international degree courses taught wholly in English, at both undergraduate and graduate level. At Tohoku University, this initiative is known as the Future Global Leadership Program (FGL).
Degrees taught in English at the undergraduate level include the International Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Course (IMAC-U), the Applied Marine Biology Course (AMB), and the Advanced Molecular Chemistry Course (AMC).
Courses taught in English at the graduate level include the International Program in Economics and Management (IPEM), the International Graduate School of Accounting Policy (IGSAP), the International Graduate Program for Advanced Science (IGPAS), the Network Medicine Course, the Basic Medicine Course, the Interface Oral Health Science Course, the International Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Course (IMAC-G), the International Materials Science and Engineering Course (IMSE), the International Doctoral Program in Engineering, Information Sciences and Environmental Studies, the International Graduate Program in Language Sciences, the International Course of Life Sciences, the Information Technology and Science Course, the International Program for Environmental Sustainability Science (IPESS), and the International Post-Graduate Program in Human Security.
Principal four campuses are in the Sendai City, Japan;
- Katahira (片平 Katahira)
- Administration Unit. and Principal institutes
- Kawauchi (川内 Kawauchi)
- North-Kawauchi; The freshmen and sophomore of all undergraduates
- South-Kawauchi; Law, Education, Economics, Letters
- Seiryo (星陵 Seiryō)
- Medicine, Dentistry
- Aobayama (青葉山 Aobayama)
- Science, Engineering, Pharmacy, Agriculture
Amamiya campus and some institutes are planned to transfer from the present place to the future New-Aobayama campus .
Graduate Schools (15)Edit
Professional graduate schools (3)Edit
The University's Research Center for Prediction of Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions is represented on the national Coordinating Committee for Earthquake Prediction.
- Research Institute of Electrical Communication (電気通信研究所, 通研 Denki Tsūshin Kenkyūsjo, Tsūken)
- Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer (加齢医学研究所 Karei Igaku Kenkyūjo)
- Institute of Fluid Science (流体科学研究所 Ryūtai Kagaku Kenkyūsyo)
- Institute for Materials Research,IMR (金属材料研究所, 金研 Kinzoku Zairyō Kenkyūsjo, Kinken)
- National Collaborative Research Institute
Centers and FacilitiesEdit
Inter-Department Institutes for Education and Research (9)Edit
Collaborating Institutions (8)Edit
Tohoku University Overseas OfficeEdit
Biomedical Engineering Research OrganizationEdit
The 21st Century Center Of Excellence ProgramsEdit
|Fiscal Year||Field||Program Title|
|2002||Life Sciences||Future Medical Engineering based on Bio-nanotechnology|
|Chemistry, material sciences||International Center of Research & Education for Unexplored Chemistry|
|International Center of Research & Education for Materials|
|Information sciences, electrical and electronic engineering||System Construction of Global-Network Oriented Information Electronics|
|Humanities||A Strategic and Education Center for an Integrated Approach to Language and Cognition|
|2003||Medical sciences||Center for Innovative Therapeutic Development for Common Diseases|
|Mathematics, physics, earth sciences||Exploring New Science by Bridging Particle-Matter Hierarchy|
|Advanced Science and Technology Center for the Dynamic Earth|
|Mechanical, civil, architectural and other fields of engineering||The Exploration of the Frontiers of Mechanical Science Based on Nanotechnology|
|International COE of Flow Dynamics|
|Social sciences||Center for the Study of Social Stratification and Inequality|
|Gender Law and Policy Center|
|2004||New scientific fields||Comprehensive Research and Education Center for Planning of Drug Development and Clinical Evaluation|
Rankings and reputationEdit
|Toyo Keizai National||General||7|
|T. Reuters National||Research||4|
(Asian Ranking version)
|Social Sciences & Humanities|
|BE Success National||Qualification||10|
|BE Pass rate National||Qualification||9|
BUSINESS & MANAGEMENT
|Eduni MBA National||General||15|
|Eduni MBA World||General||536|
|Natural Sciences & Technology|
BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY
|ARE Success National||Qualification||17|
PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY
|* T. Reuters World rankings include non-educational institutions|
Tohoku University is one of the most prestigious universities in Japan. It can be seen in the several rankings such as shown below.
The university has been ranked 6th in 2009 and 7th in 2010 in the ranking "Truly Strong Universities" by Toyo Keizai. In another ranking, Japanese prep school Kawaijuku ranked Tohoku as the 5th best university in Japan.
According to 2011 QS World University Rankings the university rose to 70th having dropped out of the top 100 in 2010 to 102nd, and having been 97th in the 2009 THE-QS World University Rankings (in 2010 Times Higher Education World University Rankings and QS World University Rankings parted ways to produce separate rankings).
Tohoku is one of the top research institutions in Japan. According to Thomson Reuters, Tohoku is the 4th best research university in Japan. Its research excellence is especially distinctive in Materials Science (1st in Japan, 3rd in the world), Physics (2nd in Japan, 10th in the world), Pharmacology & Toxicology (3rd in Japan, 64th in the world) and Chemistry (6th in Japan, 20th in the world).
Weekly Diamond also reported that Tohoku has the 11th highest research standard in Japan in terms of research funding per researchers in COE Program. In the same article, it's also ranked 9th in terms of the quality of education by GP funds per student.
In addition, Nikkei Shimbun on 2004/2/16 surveyed about the research standards in Engineering studies based on Thomson Reuters, Grants in Aid for Scientific Research and questionnaires to heads of 93 leading Japanese Research Centers, and Tohoku was placed 3rd (research planning ability 9th//informative ability of research outcome 2nd/ability of business-academia collaboration 2nd) in this ranking.
As Tohoku University has been emphasizing on 'practical' research, Tohoku got the top place at the number of patents accepted (324) during 2009 among Japanese Universities.
Graduate school RankingsEdit
Mines ParisTech : Professional Ranking World Universities ranks Tohoku University as 13th in the world in 2011 in terms of the number of alumni listed among CEOs in the 500 largest worldwide companies.
Popularity and SelectivityEdit
- Koji Azuma, educator (Economics 2005)
- Masayoshi Esashi (江刺 正喜), an engineer. He is the global authority of Microelectromechanical systems.
- Toshifumi Futamase (二間瀬 敏史), astrophysicist
- Ben Goto (五島 勉), a writer
- Kotaro Honda (本多 光太郎), material scientist, famous due to KS steel
- Reizan Ido (井土 霊山), a journalist, writer, poet, and liberal activist. He was involved in Freedom and People's Rights Movement
- Sumio Iijima (飯島 澄男), discovered Carbon nanotube
- Akihisa Inoue (井上 明久), a material scientist, who invented bulk metallic glasses
- Fumihiko Imamura, NHK natural disaster expert after 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami
- Yoshiaki Ito (伊藤 嘉明), a virologist and molecular oncologist who discovered the Polyomavirus Middle T-Antigen and the RUNX transcription factor family.
- Muhammad Ilyas, Chairman and Professor, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore - Pakistan
- Shizuo Kakutani (角谷 静夫), mathematician and creator of the Kakutani fixed-point theorem
- Yasumasa Kanada (金田 康正), a mathematician most known for his numerous world records over the past two decades for calculating digits of π.
- Nobuhiko Kawamoto (川本 信彦), was the CEO of Honda Motor until 1995.
- Ryuta Kawashima (川島 隆太), neuroscientist, currently resident professor, the supervisor of Nintendo DS gamesofts; "Brain Age: Train Your Brain in Minutes a Day!" and "Dr. Kawashima's Brain Training: How Old is Your Brain?"
- Morio Kita (北 杜夫), a novelist
- Lu Xun (魯迅), one of the most famous writers in China
- Fujio Masuoka (舛岡 富士雄), developer of Flash Memory
- Katsuhiko Nishimori (西森 克彦), a researcher of Oxytocin
- Jun-Ichi Nishizawa (西澤 潤一), engineer known for his invention of optical communication systems (including optical fiber, laser diode etc.), PIN diode and SIT/SITh.
- Kazumasa Oda (小田 和正), one of the most famous musicians in Japan.
- Tsutomu Ōhashi (大橋 力), a Japanese artist and scientist
- Emiko Okuyama (奥山 恵美子), politician and mayor of Sendai city
- Hideaki Sena (瀬名 秀明), a SF writer
- Masatoshi Shima (嶋 正利), invented CPU Intel 4004
- Kensaku Shimaki (島木 健作), a writer in Showa period in Japan.
- Chūsei Sone, film director
- Su Buqing (蘇歩青), Chinese mathematician and former president of Fudan University
- Susumu Satomi (里見進), Surgeon and president of Tohoku University
- Kenji Suzuki (鈴木 健二), an announcer of the NHK
- Koichi Tanaka (田中 耕一), winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- Hirofumi Uzawa (宇沢 弘文), an economist
- Shintaro Uda (宇田 新太郎), inventor of the Yagi-Uda antenna 1926, The ubiquitous television antenna.
- Hidetsugu Yagi (八木 秀次), Professor of Shintaro Uda and collaborator in the invention of the Yagi-Uda antenna 1926.
- Chinggeltei (1924–2013), Mongolist, former vice-rector of Inner Mongolia University
- Morio Kasai (1922-2008), Surgeon who developed the Kasai procedure for Biliary atresia
Besides them, many other famous alumni have notable achievements in diverse fields.
Notes and referencesEdit
- "30 Top Japanese Universities". Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- "ENSMP World University Rankings" (PDF). École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris. 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
-  on Tohoku University's official website accessed at January 15, 2008
- on castle grounds, Tokuku.ac.jp, Retrieved 17 August 2016
- "History of Tohoku University Campus". tohoku.ac.jp. Tohoku University. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "Important notices from Tohoku University (11:00 AM, March 14th, 2011)".
- Organizations with ties to CCEP CCEP, accessed 2011-03-19
- Research Institute of Electrical Communication On Tohoku University's official website accessed at December 15, 2008
- Institute of Development Aging and Cancer On Tohoku University's official website accessed at December 15, 2008
- Institute of Fluid Science On Tohoku University's official website accessed at December 15, 2008
- Institute for Material Research On Tohoku University's official website accessed at December 15, 2008
- Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials On Tohoku University's official website accessed at December 15, 2008
- "IRIDeS - International Research Institute of Disaster Science". Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- "Truly Strong Universities" (in Japanese). Toyo Keizai. 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- "Kawai 30 Top Japanese Universities". Kawaijuku. 2001. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- "Thomson Reuters 20 Top research institutions in Japan". Thomson Reuters. 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011. (this raking includes 5 non-educational institutions)
- "Employment rate in 400 major companies rankings" (in Japanese). Weekly Economist. 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- "GBUDU University Rankings" (in Japanese). YELL books. 2009. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- "QS Asian University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2016. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2017. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
- "THE World University Rankings". Times Higher Education. 2018. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
- "QS World University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2018. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
- Asahi Shimbun University rankings 2010 "Publification rankings in Law (Page 4)" (PDF) (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "Bar Exam Successful Applicants rankings" (in Japanese). Shikaku Seek. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "Bar Exam Pass rate rankings" (in Japanese). Shikaku Seek. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "Business School Ranking in Japan". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "University and business school ranking in 5 palms (Top100)". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
"University and business school ranking in 4 palms (Top101-300)". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
"University and business school ranking in 3 palms (Top301-696)". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
"University and business school ranking in 2 palms (Top697-896)". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "Kawaijuku japanese universities rankings in Engineering field" (in Japanese). Kawaijuku. 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- "QS topuniversities world rankings in Engineering field". Topuniversities. 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
- "Thomson Reuters 10 Top research institutions by subject in Japan" (in Japanese). Thomson Reuters. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "Architects Registration Exam Successful Applicants rankings" (in Japanese). Shikaku Seek. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
- "QS World University Rankings 2011/12". topuniversities.com. Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- "Thomson Reuters 20 Top research institutions in Japan" (in Japanese). Thomson Reuters. (this raking includes non-educational institutions)
- "週刊ダイヤモンド" ダイヤモンド社 2010/2/27 http://web.sapmed.ac.jp/kikaku/infomation/0227daiyamondokiji.pdf
- "wHw͒i04.2.22j". Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- "QS world university ranking（2012）". topuniversities.com. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
- (in Japanese)2009年国内大学別特許公開件数, Japanese patent office, accessed May 3rd 2011
- "2010年(平成22年)新司法試験法科大学院別合格率ランキング -法科大学院seek-". Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- "University and business school ranking in Japan". Retrieved 15 July 2015.
- "Employment rate in 400 major companies rankings" (in Japanese). Weekly Economist. 2011. Retrieved Apr 29, 2011.
- e.g. Yoyogi seminar published Hensachi (the indication showing the entrance difficulties by prep schools) rankings http://www.yozemi.ac.jp/rank/gakubu/index.html
- Japanese journalist Kiyoshi Shimano ranks its entrance difficulty as SA (most selective/out of 11 scales) in Japan. 危ない大学・消える大学 2012年版 (in Japanese). YELL books. 2011.
- CNN rebroadcasting NHK, 13 March 2011
- "草原名人：开创蒙古语言研究黄金时期的清格尔泰 [Famous man of the steppe: Chinggaltai, who pioneered the golden age of Mongolian language research]", People's Daily, 2007-07-19, retrieved 2010-06-02
- Garcia, Alejandro V.; Cowles, Robert A.; Kato, Tomoaki; Hardy, Mark A. (2012-05-01). "Morio Kasai: a remarkable impact beyond the Kasai procedure". Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 47 (5): 1023–1027. ISSN 1531-5037. PMC . PMID 22595595. doi:10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2012.01.065.