Shikama, Miyagi

Shikama (色麻町, Shikama-chō) is a town located in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 May 2020, the town had an estimated population of 6,723, and a population density of 62 persons per km² in 20961 households.[1] The total area of the town is 109.28 square kilometres (42.19 sq mi).

Shikama

色麻町
Haiden of Idate Jinja in Shikama
Haiden of Idate Jinja in Shikama
Flag of Shikama
Flag
Official seal of Shikama
Seal
Location of Shikama in Miyagi Prefecture
Location of Shikama in Miyagi Prefecture
Shikama is located in Japan
Shikama
Shikama
 
Coordinates: 38°32′51.6″N 140°50′59.6″E / 38.547667°N 140.849889°E / 38.547667; 140.849889Coordinates: 38°32′51.6″N 140°50′59.6″E / 38.547667°N 140.849889°E / 38.547667; 140.849889
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureMiyagi
DistrictKami
Area
 • Total109.28 km2 (42.19 sq mi)
Population
 (May 31, 2020)
 • Total6,723
 • Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeSakura
Phone number0229-65-2111
Address41 Yotsugama Kitatani, Shikama-chō, Kami-gun, Miyagi-ken 981-4122
WebsiteOfficial website
Shikama Town Hall

GeographyEdit

Shikama is located in west-central Miyagi Prefecture, bordered by the Ōu Mountains to the west. Parts of the town are within the borders of the Funagata Renpō Prefectural Natural Park.

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

Miyagi Prefecture

Yamagata Prefecture

ClimateEdit

The town has a climate characterized by cool summers and cold winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Shikama is 11.0 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1342 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.2 °C, and lowest in January, at around -1.2 °C.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Shikama has declined over the past 50 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 5,985—    
1930 6,832+14.2%
1940 7,599+11.2%
1950 9,881+30.0%
1960 10,040+1.6%
1970 8,836−12.0%
1980 8,865+0.3%
1990 8,717−1.7%
2000 8,162−6.4%
2010 7,431−9.0%

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Shikama was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and has been settled since at least the Jōmon period by the Emishi people. Per the Shoku Nihongi, following a huge earthquake in the year 715 AD, a large number of people migrated to this area from the southern Kantō region, forming numerous fortified settlements. The name of “Shikama-saku” appears in Nara period records dated 737 AD as one of these settlements. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested by various samurai clans before the area came under the control of the Date clan of Sendai Domain during the Edo period, under the Tokugawa shogunate.

The village of Shikama was created on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Shikama was raised to town status on April 1, 1978. A motion to merger with the neighboring three towns of Miyazaki, Nakaniida, and Onoda, all from Kami District, was defeated by a local referendum in April 2003.

GovernmentEdit

Shikama has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral town council of 13 members. Shikama, together with the rest of Kami District collectively contributes one seat to the Miyagi Prefectural legislature. In terms of national politics, the town is part of Miyagi 4th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

The economy of Shikama is largely based on agriculture, primarily the cultivation of rice and Egoma.

EducationEdit

Shikama has one public elementary school and one public junior high school operated by the town government, and one public high school operated by the Miyagi Prefectural Board of Education.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

  • Shikama does not have any passenger railway service.

HighwayEdit

Noted people from ShikamaEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit