Higashimatsushima

Higashi-Matsushima (東松島市, Higashimatsushima-shi) is a city located in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2020, the city had an estimated population of 39,580 in 16102 households, [1] and a population density of 390 persons per km². The total area of the city is 101.36 square kilometres (39.14 sq mi).

Higashi-Matsushima City

東松島市
Higashi-Matsushima City Hall
Higashi-Matsushima City Hall
Flag of Higashi-Matsushima City
Flag
Official seal of Higashi-Matsushima City
Seal
Location of Higashi-Matsushima in Miyagi Prefecture
Location of Higashi-Matsushima in Miyagi Prefecture
Higashi-Matsushima City is located in Japan
Higashi-Matsushima City
Higashi-Matsushima City
 
Coordinates: 38°25′34.5″N 141°12′37.5″E / 38.426250°N 141.210417°E / 38.426250; 141.210417Coordinates: 38°25′34.5″N 141°12′37.5″E / 38.426250°N 141.210417°E / 38.426250; 141.210417
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureMiyagi
Government
 • MayorIwao Atsumi
Area
 • Total101.36 km2 (39.14 sq mi)
Population
 (June 1, 2020)
 • Total39,580
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreePine
- FlowerSakura
Phone number0225-82-1111
Address36-1 Kamikawado, Yamoto, Higashimatsushima-shi, Miyagi-ken 981-0503
WebsiteOfficial website (in Japanese)

GeographyEdit

Higashi-Matsushima (lit. "East Matsushima") is in eastern Miyagi Prefecture in the Tōhoku region of northern Honshu. The city borders on Matsushima Bay to the west, and the Pacific Ocean (Ishinomaki Bay) to the south. Its coastline forms part of the Sanriku Fukkō National Park, which stretches north to Aomori Prefecture.

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

Miyagi Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Higashi-Matsushima has a humid climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters. The average annual temperature in Higashi-Matsushima is 11.7 °C (53.1 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,191 millimetres (46.9 in) with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.2 °C (75.6 °F), and lowest in January, at around 0.4 °C (32.7 °F).[2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Higashi-Matsushima has been mostly increasing over the past 40 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 19,142—    
1930 21,862+14.2%
1940 23,423+7.1%
1950 37,363+59.5%
1960 33,654−9.9%
1970 32,192−4.3%
1980 36,865+14.5%
1990 40,424+9.7%
2000 43,180+6.8%
2010 42,903−0.6%

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Higashi-Matsushima was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and has been settled since at least the Jōmon period by the Emishi people. During the Nara period, the area came under the control of colonists from the Yamato dynasty based at nearby Tagajō. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested by various samurai clans before the area came under the control of the Date clan of Sendai Domain during the Edo period. Following the Meiji restoration, the area was organized into Monō District, Miyagi Prefecture. The town of Yamoto was created on April 1, 1940 and the town of Naruse on May 3, 1955.

The city of Higashi-Matsushima was created on April 1, 2005, when the towns of Naruse and Yamoto were merged.

2011 Earthquake disasterEdit

 
Houses inundated and collapsed by the tsunami in Nobiru, Higashimatsushima

On March 11, 2011, Higashi-Matsushima was severely hit by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami resulting in at least 1,039 deaths,[4] and the destruction of over 11,000 structures, or approximately two-thirds of the buildings in the city limits. During the tsunami, a 45-metre ship, the Chōkai Maru, was hurled over a pier and left aground in the city. At the time of the disaster, Higashi-Matsushima had still not fully recovered from a previous major earthquake in 2003.[5][6] About 63% of the town was inundated by the tsunami.[7]

GovernmentEdit

Higashi-Matsushima has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 18 members. Higashi-Matsushima contributes one seat to the Miyagi Prefectural legislature. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Miyagi 5th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

Higashi-Matsushima traditionally has been a center for commercial fishing, especially for the cultivation of oysters and on tourism. The Japan Air Self Defense Force’s Matsushima Air Field is located in Higashi-Matsushima.

EducationEdit

Higashi-Matsushima has eight public elementary schools and three middle schools operated by the city government, and two public high school operated by the Miyagi Prefectural Board of Education.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

  East Japan Railway Company (JR East) - Senseki Line

HighwayEdit

Local attractionsEdit

Noted people from Higashi-MatsushimaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Higashimatsushima city official statistics(in Japanese)
  2. ^ Higashi-Matsushima climate data
  3. ^ Higashi-Matsushima population statistics
  4. ^ NOAA Data 2 April 2011
  5. ^ Tsunami survivors face monstrous cleanup task, Japan Times, 26 March 2011
  6. ^ Gilhooly, Rob, "Tsunami-hit towns face dire future", Japan Times, 1 April 2011, p. 4.
  7. ^ NHK, "Tsunami flooded 100 square kilometers of city land", 29 March 2011.
  8. ^ 里浜貝塚. Cultural Heritage Online (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 25 December 2016.

External linksEdit