|Subdivisions||Districts: 6, Municipalities: 25|
|• Governor||Norihisa Satake|
|• Total||11,637.52 km2 (4,493.27 sq mi)|
(June 1, 2019)
|• Density||83/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-05|
|Website||Akita Prefecture Official page of English|
|Bird||Copper pheasant (Phasianus soemmerringii)|
|Flower||Fuki (a kind of butterbur, Petasites japonicus)|
|Tree||Akita-sugi (Cryptomeria japonica)|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 List of governor of Akita Prefecture (from 1947)
- 4 Economy
- 5 Culture
- 6 Tourism
- 7 Famous festival and events
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Education
- 10 Media
- 11 Notes
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Separated from the principal Japanese centres of commerce, politics, and population by several hundred kilometres and the Ōu and Dewa mountain ranges to the east, Akita remained largely isolated from Japanese society until after the year 600. Akita was a region of hunter-gatherers and principally nomadic tribes.
The first historical record of what is now Akita Prefecture dates to 658, when the Abe no Hirafu conquered the native Ezo tribes at what are now the cities of Akita and Noshiro. Hirafu, then governor of Koshi Province (the northwest part of Honshū bordering the Sea of Japan), established a fort on the Mogami River, and thus began the Japanese settlement of the region.
In 733, a new military settlement—later renamed Akita Castle—was built in modern-day Akita city at Takashimizu, and more permanent roads and structures were developed. The region was used as a base of operations for the Japanese empire as it drove the native Ezo people from northern Honshū.
It shifted hands several times. During the Tokugawa shogunate it was appropriated to the Satake clan, who ruled the region for 260 years, developing the agriculture and mining industries that are still predominant today. Throughout this period, it was classified as part of Dewa Province. In 1871, during the Meiji Restoration, Dewa Province was reshaped and the old daimyō domains were abolished and administratively reconstructed, resulting in the modern-day borders of Akita.
Located in the north of Honshu, Akita Prefecture faces the Sea of Japan in the west and is bordered by four other prefectures: Aomori in the north, Iwate in the east, Miyagi in the southeast, and Yamagata in the south.
Akita Prefecture is rectangular in shape, roughly 181 km from north to south and 111 km from west to east. The Ōu Mountains mark the eastern border of the prefecture, and the higher Dewa Mountains run parallel through the center of the prefecture. Like much of northern Japan, the prefecture has cold winters, particularly away from the sea.
The Oga Peninsula is a prominent feature of the coastline.
As of 31 March 2019, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Towada-Hachimantai National Park; Chōkai, Kurikoma, and Oga Quasi-National Parks; and Akita Shirakami, Hachimori Iwadate, Kimimachizaka, Magi Mahiru, Moriyoshizan, Taiheizan, Tashirodake, and Tazawako Dakigaeri Prefectural Natural Parks.
Thirteen cities are located in Akita Prefecture:
Towns and villagesEdit
These are the towns and villages in each district:
List of governor of Akita Prefecture (from 1947)Edit
|Nº||Name||Term start||Term end||Notes (political party)|
|1||Kosaku Hasuike (蓮池公咲)||12 April, 1947||4 April, 1951||Akita Prefecture Democratic Party (秋田県民主党)|
|2||Tokuji Ikeda (池田徳治)||30 April, 1951||29 April, 1955||Independent (無所属)|
|3||Yujiro Obata (小畑勇二郎)||30 April, 1955||29 April, 1979||Independent|
|4||Kikuji Sasaki (佐々木喜久治)||30 April, 1979||31 March, 1997||Independent|
|5||Sukeshiro Terata (寺田典城)||20 April, 1997||19 April, 2009||Independent|
|6||Norihisa Satake (佐竹敬久)||20 April, 2009||Present||Independent|
Like much of the Tōhoku Region, Akita's economy remains dominated by traditional industries, such as agriculture, fishing, and forestry. This has led many young people to migrate to Tokyo and other large cities. Akita Prefecture is where declines in population are most severe in Japan; it is one of four prefectures in Japan registering declines in population since 1945. It also has the lowest number of children as a percentage of the population, at 11.2%. As of 2010[update], it has a population of just over 1 million people.
The high rate of depopulation in Akita Prefecture has led to the merging of smaller communities, which has affected the smallest of the merged communities. As depopulation in these communities and the migration to larger communities continues, educational and health facilities have closed in some areas, leading to the continuation of the migration of families to larger cities for better access to health and educational opportunities. The decline in younger generations has led to concerns for sustaining rural communities facing issues of aging and depopulation.
Akita is famous for rice farming and its sake breweries. It is well known for having the highest consumption of sake in Japan, and thought to be the origin of the Akita breed of dog which carries the prefecture's name. The women of the region, referred to as Akita bijin (秋田美人 'beauties of Akita'), have also gained widespread renown for their white skin, rounded faces and high voices, all of which are considered highly desirable. Ono no Komachi is a famous example of an Akita bijin.
Akita is known for the following regional specialties (tokusanhin):
Recently there have been efforts to revitalize rural communities facing depopulation with different forms of green tourism as well as agritourism. These efforts primarily aim at urbanites and in some cases foreign tourists, advertising the pristine forests of Akita prefecture as well as its many intangible cultures and sprawling rice fields. In Akita there has been a push for home stays, farmers markets for locally produced foods, and the integration of outsiders into local cultural practices, for example the Namahage ritual on New Year's Eve, which draws a large number of tourists to Akita Prefecture every year.
Near Lake Tazawa, there are a number of hot springs resorts (onsen). These are popular with tourists from all over Japan. In addition, its numerous seasonal festivals (matsuri) offer a glimpse of rural or traditional Japan. Some famous examples are the Akita Kantō, the Omagari Fireworks, Namahage Festival, and the Yokote Kamakura Festivals.
Kakunodate is a particularly charming old town, known as the little Kyoto, full of preserved samurai houses. The Aoyagi house is the former residence of Odano Naotake, the man who illustrated Japan's first modern guide to the human anatomy. The house is now a museum and gallery of medical illustrations and traditional crafts.
Starting in 2009, Akita began experiencing a huge surge in Korean tourism after the airing of the popular drama Iris, which featured several scenes shot in Akita, most notably at Lake Tazawa and Oga's GAO Aquarium.
Famous festival and eventsEdit
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- Kariwano Big Tug Festival, Daisen (February)
- Amekko Festival, Odate (February)
- Kamakura Snow Statue Event, Yokote (February)
- Tsuchizaki Shinmei Festival, Akita (July)
- Akita Kanto Festival, Akita (August)
- Nishimonai Bon Dancing Festival, Ugo (August)
- Kemanai Bon Dancing Festival, Daisen (August)
- All Japan Firework Competition, Daisen (August)
- Kakunodate Festival, Semboku (September)
- JR East
- Akita Trans Inland Railway (Akita Nairiku Jyukan Railway)
- Yuri Plateau Railway (Yuri Kogen Railway)
- Route 7 (-Nikaho-Yurihonjō-Akita-Katagami-Ikawa-Gojōme-Hachirōgata-Mitane-Noshiro-Kitaakita-Ōdate-)
- Route 13 (-Yuzawa-Yokote-Misato-Daisen-Akita)
- Route 46 (-Semboku-Daisen-Akita)
- Route 101 (-Happō-Noshiro-Mitane-Oga-Katagami-Akita)
- Route 103 (-Kosaka-Kazuno-Ōdate)
- Route 104 (-Kazuno-Ōdate)
- Route 105 (Yurihonjō-Daisen-Semboku-Kitaakita)
- Route 107 (-Yokote-Yurihonjō)
- Route 108 (-Yuzawa-Yurihonjō)
- Route 282 (-Kazuno-Kosaka-)
- Route 341 (Kazuno-Semboku-Daisen-Akita-Yurihonjō)
- Route 342 (Yokote-Higashinaruse-)
- Route 397 (-Higashinaruse-Yokote)
- Route 398 (-Yuzawa-Ugo-Yurihonjō)
- Route 454 (-Kazuno-Towada, Aomori-Kosaka-)
Universities in Akita PrefectureEdit
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Provinces and prefectures" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books; "Tōhoku" in p. 970, p. 970, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Akita" in p. 20, p. 20, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books
- Statistics Bureau of Japan
- 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- 秋田の自然マップ [Akita Nature Map] (in Japanese). Akita Prefecture. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- Quinones, C. Kenneth. “Chapter 2: Akita City.” Akita-Beyond the Road's Narrow End, Mineo Nakajima, 2011, pp. 26–27.
- "Number of children in Japan falls to record low for 29th year in row". The Japan Times. Kyodo News. May 4, 2010. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
- 県人口１０８万５８４５人に減少 落ち込み幅最大、国勢調査速報 (in Japanese). December 28, 2010. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved December 28, 2010.
- Omura, Mika (November 6, 2009). "Weekend: Sake breweries go with the flow to survive". Retrieved December 29, 2009.[dead link]
- The Appellation System for Sake in Akita Prefecture and Development Program for Akita Shun-ginjo, Kyuichi Saito, Journal of the Brewing Society of Japan; Vol. 87, No.11, 1992 Archived June 16, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Akita Prefecture - Culture, Sightseeing and History -". nihonscope.com. August 24, 2016. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
- Akita Prefectural Guide, AKITA Prefecture Archived January 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Sznajder, Michal, Przezborska, Lucyna, Scrimgeour, Frank, et al. “Agritourism.” AbeBooks, CABI, 1 Jan. 1970, www.abebooks.com/book-search/isbn/9781845934828/.
- Foster, Michael Dylan. “Inviting the Uninvited Guest: Ritual, Festival, Tourism, and the Namahage of Japan.” Journal of American Folklore, American Folklore Society, 1 Aug. 2013, muse.jhu.edu/article/515294/pdf.
- 笠井 (Kasai), 哲也 (Tetsuya); 矢島大輔 (Yajima Daisuke) (April 21, 2010). 韓国人ファン、秋田に殺到 ドラマ「アイリス」効果. Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). Japan. Archived from the original on April 23, 2010. Retrieved April 22, 2010.
- "刈和野の大綱引き" (pdf) (in Japanese). Daisen City. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
- "大館アメッコ市 - 秋田県大館市" (in Japanese). Odate City. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
- "（冬）横手のかまくら｜横手市" (in Japanese). Yokote City. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
- "総合案内｜羽後町" (in Japanese). Ugo Town. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
- "English｜羽後町". Ugo Town. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
- "毛馬内の盆踊" (in Japanese). Kazuno City. Archived from the original on November 26, 2015. Retrieved November 26, 2015.
- "全国花火競技大会「大曲の花火」オフィシャルサイト｜大曲商工会議所" (in Japanese). Omagari Entrepreneurs Group. Retrieved November 26, 2015.