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The military Order of Vittorio Veneto was founded as national order by the fifth President of the Italian Republic, Giuseppe Saragat, in 1968, "to express the gratitude of the nation" to those decorated with the Medal and Cross of War for Military Valor (Medaglia e Croce di Guerra al Valor Militare) who had fought for at least six months in World War I and earlier conflicts.[1]

Order of Vittorio Veneto
Vittorio veneto.JPG
Obverse and reverse
Awarded by  Italy
TypeOrder of knighthood
EligibilityMilitary veterans
Awarded for1915–1918 and earlier conflicts
StatusAbolished
Statistics
Established18 March 1968
Last awarded15 March 2010
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of the Star of Italy
Next (lower)Cross of War for Military Valour

The Order is awarded in the single degree of Knight.

Being awarded more than 50 years after the War, most of the recipients were retired from employment. For the Knights who did not enjoy an income above their tax allowance, a small annuity was granted in favor of those recipients, payable to the widow or minor children on death. The allowance was also granted to those that fought in the former Austro-Hungarian armed forces who became Italian citizens after annexation.[2]

Ribbon Class Full title
Ordine di Vittorio Veneto BAR.svg Knight Cavaliere dell'Ordine di Vittorio Veneto

The order was bestowed by decree of the President of the Italian Republic, its head, on the recommendation of the Minister of Defence. A Lieutenant General chaired the council, which investigated applications made by eligible parties to the municipality of residence. With the death of the last surviving Knights of Vittorio Veneto in 2008,[3][4] the order fell into abeyance and, in 2010, it was formally wound-up by repeal of the original legislation.[5]

Recipient Deceased
Cav. Delfino Borroni 26 October 2008 (aged 110)
Cav. Francesco Domenico Chiarello 27 June 2008 (aged 109)
Cav. Lazare Ponticelli, Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur 12 March 2008 (aged 110)
Cav. Pietro Micheletti 25 March 2005 (aged 105)
Cav. Giuseppe Arena 19 March 1978 (aged 85)
Cav. Carmine Pavia 26 October 1974 (aged 87)
Cav. Domenico Morle 14 February 1984 (aged 88)
Cav. Marcantonio Rositano 18 February 1977 (aged 88)


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Instituted by Law No. 263 of 18 March 1968
  2. ^ The Italian Honours Procedure (p.7) Presidency of the Council of Ministers, Department of Protocol (retrieved 5 October 2008)
  3. ^ Addio all'ultimo cavaliere di Vittorio Veneto Archived 2008-10-27 at the Wayback Machine La Stampa, 26 October 2008
  4. ^ Delfino Borroni: Italy’s last surviving veteran of the First World War The Times, 30 October 2008
  5. ^ Under Legislative Decree No. 66 of 15 March 2010

External linksEdit