The Council of Ministers is an Algerian government body established by the Algerian Constitution to discuss and adopt some of the main acts of executive power, such as the tabling of government bills or the appointment of senior officials. It is chaired by the President of the Republic and brings together the Prime Minister, all full-service ministers and, depending on the government, all or some of the lower-ranking ministers. Only a very summary report of the meetings being published, it is also supposed to allow the ministers to freely discuss the policy of the Government. It traditionally meets at El Mouradia Palace, the official residence of the President, although it can be summoned anywhere and at any time by the President.[1]

Council of Ministers of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
مجلس وزراء الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية
Established1958 Provisional Government of Algeria
LeaderPrime Minister
Appointed byPresident of the Republic
Responsible toPeople's National Assembly
HeadquartersEl Mouradia Palace, Algiers

The Council is one of the elements allowing the President of the Republic to direct the executive power despite the great role theoretically assigned to the Prime Minister by the Constitution. It enables it to control the development and implementation of Government policy and to give or refuse its agreement to a certain number of important decisions, and, more generally, to mark its views on discussions involving the whole of the Government.[1]

The Council of Ministers is the only formal meeting of all members of the executive branch of the Government. The President may also chair restricted councils comprising certain ministers.[1]

Role edit

Juridical competence edit

The Constitution, laws and regulations provide that a number of government decisions must be referred to the Council of Ministers to be valid.[1]

Government bills (the only ones called "bills", private members' bills simply being called "private bills") must be introduced in Council before being introduced in Parliament.

Certain regulatory acts must also be presented to the Council of Ministers before being adopted. These acts are the ordinances, taken in the field of the law by virtue of a temporary authorization, and a certain number of decrees, which are then called "decrees in the Council of Ministers", and concern:

Unlike other regulatory acts which are only signed by the Prime Minister and the ministers responsible for their execution, these acts must also be signed by the President of the Republic and give the President a right of veto over these texts.

A decree in the Council of Ministers, even if no text provided for its inclusion on the agenda, can only be amended by another decree in the Council of Ministers, unless its final provisions or a legislative provision only allows it is modified by simple decree.

In addition, the Prime Minister must consult the Council before committing the responsibility of his Government on his program or a declaration of general policy.

Composition and presidency edit

The Council of Ministers brings together the President of the Republic, the Prime Minister, full-service ministers and, sometimes, lower-ranking ministers (delegate minister and secretaries of state) or some of them.

The Council is chaired by the President of the Republic. He can "exceptionally" be replaced by the Prime Minister, "by virtue of an express delegation and for a specific agenda". This procedure is extremely rare.

The Secretary General of the Presidency of the Republic and the Secretary General of the Government, who prepare the reports of the meetings, also attend the Council, without taking part in it.

Functioning edit

Convocation edit

It is up to the President of the Republic, who chairs the Council, to determine the date and place of its meetings.

The Palace of El Mouradia, the official residence of the President of the Republic, is the normal meeting place of the Council. The Council meets on the ground floor. Ministers are seated in the order of protocol determined by the decree of appointment.

The President of the Republic can however convene the Council elsewhere, for symbolic reasons.

Preparation edit

For the meeting, the Secretary General of the Government sends a draft agenda to the President of the Republic, the Prime Minister and the ministers. The agenda is set during a meeting between the president and the secretary general, and sent to ministers.

Before the meeting, the President, the Prime Minister, the Secretary General of the Presidency and the Secretary General of the Government have a brief meeting. During this time, the director of the cabinet of the Secretary General of the Government prepares the final version of the press release and has the ministers sign the acts which will be presented to the President during the Council.

Process edit

Meetings follow a strict agenda that leaves little room for improvisation. The President of the Republic can, on certain particularly important or controversial questions, lead a tour de table so that the ministers express their opinion; he is always the last to speak.

Discussions in the Council of Ministers are supposed to remain confidential. The press release issued after the Council contains only brief and evasive indications.

Other boards and meetings edit

Other councils bringing together members of the Government exist in parallel with the Council of Ministers and supplement it in a restricted field or with a reduced number of participants, the restricted meetings are called "councils" when they are chaired by the President of the Republic. and “committees” when they are chaired by the Prime Minister.

Restricted Councils edit

Restricted Councils can be held at El Mouradia Palace with the President of the Republic, the Prime Minister, several ministers and senior officials. Although their operation shares many features with the Council of Ministers, they are less solemn and more concrete and are meant to be working meetings.

Interministerial committtees edit

Small government meetings, called interministerial committees, may be held without the presence of the President. They are chaired by the Prime Minister or by a minister appointed to replace him, and bring together certain ministers concerned by a particular problem, and sometimes senior officials..

Current Cabinet edit

The government of President Tebboune was made up of 39 members after he took office in January 2020. The following table includes those appointees by Tebboune and other Algerian government offices appointed in previous administrations:[2][3][4]

Portrait Incumbent Office Website Government of
  Nadir Larbaoui[5] Prime Minister[4] Prime Minister's website Tebboune
  Abdelmadjid Tebboune[3][2] President, Minister of Defence[4] Tebboune
  Brahim Merad[6] Minister of Interior and Local Government[4] Tebboune
  Ahmed Attaf[7] Minister of Foreign Affairs[4] Tebboune
  Abderrachid Tabbi[6] Minister of Justice and Keeper of the Seals[4] Tebboune
  Laaziz Fayed[7] Minister of Finance[4] Tebboune
  Mohamed Arkab[6][2] Minister of Energy and Mines[4] Tebboune
  Laid Rebiga[6] Minister of War Veterans (Moudjahidine) and Rights Holders[4] Tebboune
  Youcef Belmehdi[6] Minister of Religious Affairs and Endowments (Wakfs)[4] Tebboune
  Abdelhakim Belabed[6] Minister of National Education[4] Tebboune
  Kamel Bidari[6] Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research[4] Tebboune
  Yacine Merabi[6][8] Minister of Vocational Education and Training Professionals[4] Tebboune
  Soraya Mouloudji[6] Ministry of Culture and Arts[4] Tebboune
  Abderrahmane Hammad[7] Minister of Youth and Sports[4] Tebboune
  Meriem Benmiloud[7] Minister of Digitization and Statistics Tebboune
  Karim Bibi Triki[6][9][10] Minister of Post and Telecommunications[4] Tebboune
  Kaoutar Krikou[6][3][2] Minister of National Solidarity, Family and Women's Affairs[4] Tebboune
  Ahmed Zeghdar[6] Minister of Industry[4] Tebboune
  Mohamed Abdelhafid Henni[6] Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development[4] Tebboune
  Mohamed Tarek Belaribi[6][11] Minister of Housing, Urban Planning and the City[4] Tebboune
  Tayeb Zitouni[7] Minister of Trade and Export Promotion Tebboune
  Mohamed Bouslimani[6] Minister of Communications[4] Tebboune
  Lakhdar Rakhroukh[6] Minister of Public Works and Basic Infrastructure[4] Tebboune
  Youcef Chorfa[7][12] Minister of Transport Tebboune
  Taha Derbal[7] Minister of Irrigation[13] Tebboune
  Mokhtar Didouche[7] Minister of Tourism and Handicrafts and Family Work[4] Tebboune
  Abdelhak Saihi[6] Minister of Health, Population and Hospital Reform[4] Tebboune
  Fayçal Bentaleb[12] Minister of Labor, Employment and Social Security[4] Tebboune
  Basma Azouar[6] Minister of Relations with Parliament[4] Tebboune
  Faiza Dahleb[7] Minister of Environment and Renewable Energy Tebboune
  Ahmed Bidani[7] Minister of Fishing and Fishery Productions Tebboune
  Ali Aoun[6] Minister of Pharmaceutical Industry Tebboune
  Mohamed Cherif Belmihoub Minister Delegate to the Prime Minister in charge of Foresight
  Yacine Oualid[6][14] Minister of Knowledge Economy, Start-ups and Micro-enterprises Tebboune
  Bachir Messaitfa Deputy Minister of Statistics and Forward Planning
  Foued Chehat[2] Deputy Minister for Sahara Agriculture and Mountains Tebboune
  Aïssa Bekkai[2] Deputy Minister for Foreign Trade Tebboune
  Aissa Bekkal Minister Delegate to the Minister of Trade in charge of foreign trade
  Hamza Al Sid Cheikh[2] Deputy Minister for Saharan environment Tebboune
  Salima Souakri[15] Secretary of State for Youth and Sports Tebboune
  Bachir Youcef Sehairi[2] Secretary of State for Film Industry Tebboune
  Yahia Boukhari[2] Secretary General of the government Tebboune
  Yacine Oualid[16][17] Deputy Minister for Incubators Tebboune
  Rachid Bladehane[2] Secretary of State for National Community and Experts Abroad. Tebboune
  Salim Dada[2] Secretary of State for Cultural Production. Tebboune

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d "Algerian constitution in English" (PDF). Constitution Project. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "President Tebboune appoints new government members". Algerian Press Service. January 2, 2020. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c "Algerian Leaders and Cabinet Members". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z "Ministries of the Algerian Government". Prime Minister. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
  5. ^ "Algeria appoints a new prime minister to prepare for President Tebboune's second term". Le 2023-11-13. Retrieved 2023-11-22.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Saci, Yasmine (September 8, 2022). "President Tebboune conducts ministerial reshuffle". Algeria Press Service. Archived from the original on September 8, 2022. Retrieved September 8, 2022.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Mostafa, Amr (2023-03-16). "Algerian President reshuffles cabinet, replacing foreign minister". The National. Retrieved 2023-03-24.
  8. ^ "Merabi kicks off vocational training year 2021-2022". Algeria Press Service. 13 October 2021. Archived from the original on 2021-10-13. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  9. ^ admin007 (2016-01-05). "Minister's Biography". MPTTN. Retrieved 2021-08-25.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ "Bibi Triki takes office as minister of Post and Telecommunications". Algerian Press Service. Archived from the original on 2021-07-10. Retrieved 25 August 2021.
  11. ^ "Algeria will not be affected by statements attempting to besmirch its history". Algeria Press Service. 4 October 2021. Archived from the original on 2021-10-04. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  12. ^ a b "President Tebboune conducts cabinet reshuffle of 11 portfolios". Algeria Press Service. 17 March 2023. Retrieved 24 March 2023.
  13. ^ Mostafa, Amr (2023-03-16). "Algerian President reshuffles cabinet, replacing foreign minister". The National. Retrieved 2023-04-25.
  14. ^ "Services du Premier Ministre | Composition du Gouvernement". Retrieved 2023-06-21.
  15. ^ "Salima Souakri Becomes Minister Delegate in Charge of Elite Sport". Retrieved 2022-10-20.
  16. ^ "Yacine El Mahdi Walid takes office at the head of the Ministry of Knowledge Economy and Startups". المؤسسة العمومية للتلفزيون الجزائري. 2022-09-09. Retrieved 2023-06-17.
  17. ^ "Algeria Boosts Economy with Start-Up Business Culture". euronews. 2022-09-05. Retrieved 2023-06-17.