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Lampang (Thai: ลำปาง, pronounced [lām.pāːŋ]) is one of the northern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. The old name of Lampang was Khelang Nakhon.

Lampang

ลำปาง
Flag of Lampang
Flag
Official seal of Lampang
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Lampang Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Lampang Province
CountryThailand
CapitalNakhon Lampang
Government
 • GovernorSuwat Phromsuwan (since October 2016)
Area
 • Total12,534.0 km2 (4,839.4 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 10th
Population
 (2017)
 • Total746,547[1]
 • RankRanked 33rd
 • Density rankRanked 69th
Human Achievement Index[2]
 • HAI (2014)0.6450 "somewhat high"
ranking 22nd
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Area code(s)054
ISO 3166 codeTH-52
Vehicle registrationลำปาง

Contents

GeographyEdit

Lampang is in the broad river valley of the Wang River, surrounded by mountains. In Mae Mo District lignite is found and mined in open pits. To the north of the province is the 1,697-metre (5,568 ft) high Doi Luang.

Within the province are Chae Son and Doi Khun Tan National Parks in the Khun Tan Range, as well as Tham Pha Thai, Doi Luang National Park, and the Huai Tak Teak Biosphere Reserve in the Phi Pan Nam Range.[3]

HistoryEdit

 
Singha Lanna
 
Wang River, Lampang
 
Phra That Lampang Luang, Ko Kha District

Starting in the 7th century Lampang was part of the Dvaravati period Hariphunchai Kingdom of the Mon. In the 11th century the Khmer Empire occupied the Lampang area, but it was King Mengrai of Lanna who incorporated the complete Haripunchai Kingdom into his kingdom in 1292. Lampang or Nakhon Lampang or Lakhon, was under Burmese rule after the fall of Lanna Kingdom from the 16th century to 18th century. During the uprising against Burmese rule by Siam's new kings in the late-18th century, a local Lampang leader became Siam's ally. After the victory, the leader, Kawila, was named the ruler of Chiang Mai, the former center of Lanna, while his relative ruled Lampang. The city continues to be one of the important economic and political centers in the north. Lampang became a province of Thailand in 1892.[4]

EconomyEdit

 
Rice harvest in Wang Nuea District with the mountains of the Phi Pan Nam Range in the distance

Lampang is known for the production of ceramic goods and its mining operations. A great deal of ball clay, china stone, and lignite are extracted from the surrounding mountains. There are more than 200 ceramic factories in and around Mueang Lampang District. Most are small- to medium-sized operations producing novelties (plant pots, dolls), tableware, and building materials (tiles, railings). The largest coal fired power plant in Southeast Asia[5] is in Mae Mo District near the lignite mining area. The plant uses lignite as fuel. The largest concrete plant is also north of Mueang Lampang. This is also powered by lignite. Limestone is another abundant rock mined in Lampang. Agriculturally, the province produces rice and pineapples.

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal shows a white rooster inside the entrance to the Phra That Lampang Luang Temple. According to local legend, Buddha visited the province. The god Indra worried that the people would not wake up by themselves to show respect to Buddha, and therefore woke them by transforming himself into a white rooster.

The provincial flower is the Heliconia (Heliconia sp.), and the provincial tree is the Indian Elm (Holoptelea integrifolia). According to the legend, this tree was planted in the temple during Buddha's visit.

Administrative divisionsEdit

The province is divided into 13 districts (amphoes). These are further subdivided into 100 communes (tambons) and 855 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Lampang
  2. Mae Mo
  3. Ko Kha
  4. Soem Ngam
  5. Ngao
  6. Chae Hom
  7. Wang Nuea
  1. Thoen
  2. Mae Phrik
  3. Mae Tha
  4. Sop Prap
  5. Hang Chat
  6. Mueang Pan

Human achievement index 2014Edit

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development.[2]
Lampang province, with a HAI value of 0.6450, takes 22nd place in the rankings. This is "somewhat high" between the values of 0.6349 and 0.6516.

Index for the province Lampang[2]
HAI indices Indicators Rank list
Health 7 46th
Education 4 7th
Employment 4 49th
Income 4 49rd
Housing and living environment 5 24th
Family and community life 6 54th
Transport and communication 6 16th
Participation 4 16th

TransportEdit

The city is an important highway hub, with a four lane highway link to Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai, as well as a major highway to Phrae and the eastern Lanna provinces. Lampang is roughly a 1.5 hour bus ride to Chiang Mai. Lampang is a stop for the Chiang Mai-bound train, approximately 10 hours from Bangkok.

Lampang Airport is served by Bangkok Airways (three flights daily to Suvarnabhumi Airport) and Nok air (four flights daily to Don Mueang) (Oct 2015).

TourismEdit

 
Burmese-style Wat Srichum

Lampang Province is not visited by many tourists, only about 900,000 per year, most of them passing through. In early-2019, the provincial governor rolled out a program called "Lampang: Dream Destination" to raise the number of visitors to two million within two years.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population in Thailand as of 31 December 2017" (PDF). Government Gazette. Ratchakitcha Society. 135: 22–25. 28 February 2018. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community (Report). United Nations Development Programme. pp. 93–166. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  3. ^ UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory - Huai Tak Teak Biosphere Reserve
  4. ^ Burmese-influenced Architecture in lampang
  5. ^ Kongrut, Anchalee (21 October 2015). "Sustaining environmental activism". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  6. ^ Svasti, Pichaya (24 January 2019). "Northern Star Rising". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 24 January 2019.

External linksEdit