KiHa 40 series

The KiHa 40 series (キハ40系, Kiha-yonjū-kei) is a diesel multiple unit (DMU) train type introduced by Japanese National Railways (JNR) in 1977 and operated by all of the Japan Railways Group companies on suburban and rural services in Japan.[2] It also served in other private railway companies in Japan since 2017 following the removal of service which have been pulled out by Japan Railways group and also served in overseas operations in Myanmar since 2011.

KiHa 40 series
KiHa 41
KiHa 47
KiHa 48
JNR 40 series DMU 017.JPG
A pair of JR Hokkaido KiHa 40 series units in January 2009
In service1977–present
ManufacturerFuji Heavy Industries, Niigata Tekkō
ReplacedKiHa 10 series, KiHa 30, KiHa 130
Constructed1977–1983
Number built888 vehicles
Number in service714 vehicles (as of 2018)[1]
SuccessorKiHa E120, HB-E300 series, EV-E301 series, GV-E400 series, EV-E801 series, BEC819 series
FormationVarious
Operator(s)JNR (1977–1987)
JR Central (1987–2016)
JR Hokkaido, JR East, JR-West, JR Shikoku, JR Kyushu (1987–present)
Myanmar Railways (2011–present)
Nishikigawa Railway (2017–present)
Kominato Railway (2020–present)
Depot(s)Various
Line(s) servedVarious
Specifications
Car body constructionSteel
Car length21,300 mm (69 ft 11 in)
Width2,900 mm (9 ft 6 in)
Doors2 per side
Maximum speed95 km/h (59 mph)
Multiple workingKiHa 58 (San'in Main Line Only)
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

OverviewEdit

The KiHa 40 series diesel multiple unit was introduced in 1977 by JNR to replace ageing KiHa 10 series DMUs on suburban and rural services nationwide.[3] A total of 888 vehicles were built between 1977 and 1982, broadly divided into three main types: KiHa 40, KiHa 47, and KiHa 48. These were subdivided as shown below, with further variants and modifications made later in their lives by the various JR Group companies.[1]

Type No. of cabs Doors Subclass Region Toilet
KiHa 40 2 Single-leaf -100 Hokkaido
(Extreme cold)
Yes
-500 Cold
-1000 Warm No
-2000 Yes
KiHa 47 1 Pairs -0 Warm Yes
-500 Cold
-1000 Warm No
-1500 Cold
KiHa 48 1 Single-leaf -0 Warm Yes
-300 Hokkaido
(Extreme cold)
-500 Cold
-1000 Warm No
-1300 Hokkaido
(Extreme cold)
-1500 Cold

"Cold" regions refers to the Tohoku and Chubu regions.

JNR car typesEdit

The types built for JNR were as follows.[1]

KiHa 40-100Edit

  • KiHa 40-101–250 (150 vehicles)

KiHa 40-500Edit

  • KiHa 40-501–594 (94 vehicles)

KiHa 40-1000Edit

  • KiHa 40-1001–1007 (7 vehicles)

KiHa 40-2000Edit

  • KiHa 40-2001–2148 (148 vehicles)

KiHa 47-0Edit

  • KiHa 47-1–193 (193 vehicles)

KiHa 47-500Edit

  • KiHa 47-501–522 (22 vehicles)

KiHa 47-1000Edit

  • KiHa 47-1001–1134 (134 vehicles)

KiHa 47-1500Edit

  • KiHa 47-1501–1521 (21 vehicles)

KiHa 48-0Edit

  • KiHa 48-1–6 (6 vehicles)

KiHa 48-300Edit

  • KiHa 48-301–304 (4 vehicles)

KiHa 48-500Edit

  • KiHa 48-501–559 (59 vehicles)

KiHa 48-1000Edit

  • KiHa 48-1001–1004 (4 vehicles)

KiHa 48-1300Edit

  • KiHa 48-1301–1303 (3 vehicles)

KiHa 48-1500Edit

  • KiHa 48-1501–1550 (50 vehicles)

JR HokkaidoEdit

Following the privatization and splitting of JNR in April 1987, JR Hokkaido received a total of 157 KiHa 40 series vehicles (150 KiHa 40s and 7 KiHa 48s). As of 1 April 2010, JR Hokkaido operates 153 KiHa 40 series vehicles, classified as follows.[1]

  • KiHa 40-300
  • KiHa 40-330
  • KiHa 40-350
  • KiHa 40-400
  • KiHa 40-700
  • KiHa 40-1700
  • KiHa 48-1300
  • KiHa 400-100
  • KiHa 480-300
  • KiHa 480-1300

JR EastEdit

Following the privatization and splitting of JNR in April 1987, JR East received a total of 219 KiHa 40 series vehicles (117 KiHa 40s, 28 KiHa 47s, and 74 KiHa 48s). As of 1 April 2010, JR East operates 159 KiHa 40 series vehicles, classified as follows.[1] KiHa 48 502 and KiHa 48 1512 were derailed and badly damaged by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami on 11 March 2011, and were withdrawn.

  • KiHa 40-500
  • KiHa 40-1000
  • KiHa 40-2000
  • KiHa 47-0
  • KiHa 47-500
  • KiHa 47-1000
  • KiHa 47-1500
  • KiHa 48-500
  • KiHa 48-1500

Joyful Train setsEdit

  • Furusato (KiHa 48-2500)
  • Kirakira Michinoku (KiHa 48)
  • Resort Minori (KiHa 48-500)
  • Resort Shirakami "Aoike" (KiHa 48)
  • Resort Shirakami "Buna" (KiHa 48)
  • Resort Shirakami "Kumagera" (KiHa 48)
  • Umineko (KiHa 48)
  • View Coaster Kazekko (KiHa 48)
  • Koshino Shu*Kura (KiHa 40 and 48)

JR CentralEdit

Following the privatization and splitting of JNR in April 1987, JR Central received a total of 59 KiHa 40 series vehicles (14 KiHa 40s, 5 KiHa 47s, and 40 KiHa 48s). By April 2010, JR Central operated 59 KiHa 40 series vehicles, classified as follows.[1] These were withdrawn by 2016.

  • KiHa 40-3000
  • KiHa 40-3300
  • KiHa 40-5000
  • KiHa 40-5500
  • KiHa 40-5800
  • KiHa 40-6000
  • KiHa 40-6300
  • KiHa 47-5000
  • KiHa 47-6000
  • KiHa 48-3500
  • KiHa 48-3800
  • KiHa 48-5000
  • KiHa 48-5300
  • KiHa 48-5500
  • KiHa 48-5800
  • KiHa 48-6000
  • KiHa 48-6300
  • KiHa 48-6500
  • KiHa 48-6800

JR-WestEdit

Following the privatization and splitting of JNR in April 1987, JR-West received a total of 257 KiHa 40 series vehicles (63 KiHa 40s, 189 KiHa 47s, and 5 KiHa 48s). As of 1 April 2010, JR-West operates 255 KiHa 40 series vehicles, classified as follows.[1]

  • KiHa 40-3000
  • KiHa 41-2000
  • KiHa 47-2000
  • KiHa 47-2500
  • KiHa 48-3000
  • KiHa 48-3500

Joyful Train setsEdit

  • Misuzu Shiosai (KiHa 47)
  • Setonai Marine View (KiHa 47)
  • Belles Montagnes et Mer (KiHa 40)
  • Hanayome Noren (KiHa 48)
  • Tenkū no shiro Takeda-jō ato (KiHa 40)

JR ShikokuEdit

Following the privatization and splitting of JNR in April 1987, JR Shikoku received a total of 53 KiHa 40 series vehicles (11 KiHa 40s and 42 KiHa 47s). As of 1 April 2010, JR Shikoku operates 43 KiHa 40 series vehicles, classified as follows.[1]

  • KiHa 40-2000
  • KiHa 47-0
  • KiHa 47-500
  • KiHa 47-1000
  • KiHa 47-1500

Joyful Train setsEdit

  • Iyonada Monogatari (KiHa 47)

JR KyushuEdit

Following the privatization and splitting of JNR in April 1987, JR Kyushu received a total of 142 KiHa 40 series vehicles (36 KiHa 40s and 106 KiHa 47s). As of 1 April 2010, JR Kyushu operates 140 KiHa 40 series vehicles, classified as follows.[1]

  • KiHa 40-7000
  • KiHa 40-8000
  • KiHa 47-3500
  • KiHa 47-4500
  • KiHa 47-5000
  • KiHa 47-6000
  • KiHa 47-8000
  • KiHa 47-8500
  • KiHa 47-9000
  • KiHa 47-9500
  • KiHa 140-2000
  • KiHa 147-0
  • KiHa 147-1000

Joyful Train setsEdit

ResaleEdit

Nishikigawa RailwayEdit

In 2017, 1 KiHa 40-1009 diesel carriage was taken over by Nishikigawa Railway, that ended operation on the Karasuyama Line by JR East in March 2017, the former diesel train is remodeled in retro style, and started operation on September 16 of the same year. [4]

Kominato RailwayEdit

2 KiHa 40 carriages (KiHa 40-2021 and KiHa 40-2026), which ended operation on the Tadami Line in March 2020, were transferred in May 2020 with the Tohoku livery. [5][6]

Overseas operationsEdit

 
A former KiHa 40 series train in Myanmar in July 2016

A large fleet of former KiHa 40 series cars from JR East, JR Hokkaido, JR Shikoku, and JR Central were shipped to Myanmar between 2011 and 2016. A total of 48 diesel cars (including KiHa 40, KiHa 47, & KiHa 48) have been shipped to Myanmar for overseas operations.[7] The cars are used on the Yangon Circular Railway.

Preserved examplesEdit

In popular cultureEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Nishiwaki, Kōji; Fujita, Gorō (January 2011). キハ40系一族 [The KiHa 40 Series Family]. Japan Railfan Magazine. Vol. 51 no. 597. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. pp. 15–63.
  2. ^ Haraguchi, Takayuki (2009). Encyclopedia of JR's Railway Cars: JR全車輌. Japan: Sekai Bunka. pp. 126–127. ISBN 978-4-418-09905-4.
  3. ^ Jēāru zensharyō handobukku: Rail Magazine 2009 JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. pp. 461–470. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0.
  4. ^ Toshihiko, Ninomiya. "山口)「キハ40形」錦川鉄道に到着 9月以降に運行". www.asahi.com (in Japanese). Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  5. ^ "鉄道ダイヤ情". www.kotsu.co.ja (in Japanese). Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  6. ^ "小湊鉄道 レア車両搬入で撮り鉄"密状態"に困惑「気持ちは分かるが、こんな時期なんで」". www.sponichi.co.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  7. ^ Diesel Railcars from Japan[unreliable source?]
  8. ^ "キハ40 764" [KiHa 40 764]. rail.hobidas.com. Neko Publishing. 22 April 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  9. ^ "Japan Railway Journal Episode 35 - The Unsung Hero of Japanese Railways: Series Kiha 40 Diesel Trains, Originally Aired Friday, June 16, 2017". Japan Railway Journal. NHK World-Japan. Retrieved 26 September 2019.

Further readingEdit

  • Ishii, Yoshitaka (27 February 2009). キハ47物語: ローカル線の主役一般形キハの歩み キハ47物語 [The KiHa 47 story]. Japan: JTB Can Books. ISBN 978-4533074271.

External linksEdit