Phichit (Thai: พิจิตร, pronounced [pʰí(ʔ).t͡ɕìt]) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. It lies 330 km due north of Bangkok. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Phitsanulok, Phetchabun, Nakhon Sawan, and Kamphaeng Phet.
Map of Thailand highlighting Phichit Province
|• Governor||Wirasak Wichitsaengsi (since October 2016)|
|• Total||4,531.0 km2 (1,749.4 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 46th|
|• Rank||Ranked 47th|
|• Density rank||Ranked 41st|
|Human Achievement Index|
|• HAI (2014)||0.6259 "average" ranked 35th|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|Area code(s)||056, 055 (Sam Ngam and Wachirabarami|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-66|
The Nan and Yom Rivers flow through Phichit Province, joining shortly before the Chao Phraya is formed. The province mainly consists of low fertile river plains, making rice and lotus the main crops.
The town of Phichit was established in 1058 by Phraya Kotabongthevaraja, and was first part of the Sukhothai Kingdom, and later of Ayutthaya. An old temple in Pho Prathap Chang District is Wat Pho Prathap Chang (วัดโพธิ์ประทับช้าง). It was built by Phra Chao Suea, an Ayutthaya king, in 1701 at a site reputed to be his birthplace. The site is surrounded by double-walls and huge trees, some of which are over 200 years old.
The name of the main city changed several times. At first it was called Sa Luang ('city of the royal pond'). In Ayutthaya times it was called Okhaburi ('city in the swamp'), and then finally Phichit ('beautiful city').
The provincial seal shows a pond, which refers to the old name of Phichit, Mueang Sa Luang ("city of the royal pond"). The banyan tree in front refers to Wat Pho Prathap Chang. The temple was built in 1669-1671 by King Luang Sorasak, who was born in the village of Pho Prathap Chang, between a banyan and a sacred fig.
The flag of Phichit shows the circular provincial seal in the middle. It has three green bars and two white horizontal bars, with the middle bar being interrupted by the seal.
The provincial motto (loosely translated) states as follows:
Human achievement index 2014Edit
Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development.
Phichit province, with a HAI value of 0.6259, takes 35th place in the rankings. This is "average" between the values of 0.6342 and 0.6215.
|HAI indices||Indicators||Rank list|
|Housing and living environment||5||26th|
|Family and community life||6||25th|
|Transport and communication||6||48th|
- "Population in Thailand as of 31 December 2017" (PDF). Government Gazette. Ratchakitcha Society. 135: 22–25. 2018-02-28. Retrieved 2018-09-30.
- Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community (Report). United Nations Development Programme. pp. 93–166. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Phichit: General Info". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- "WAT PHO PRATHAP CHANG". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- Phichit travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Provincial website
- Phichit provincial map, coat of arms, and postal stamp
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Phichit.|