Surat Thani

Surat Thani (Thai: สุราษฎร์ธานี, pronounced [sù.râːt tʰāː.nīː]) is a city in Amphoe Mueang Surat Thani, Surat Thani Province, southern Thailand. It lies 651 km south of Bangkok. It is the capital of Surat Thani Province. The city has a population of 132,040 (2019), and an area of 68.97 square kilometers. The city's population density is 1,914 inhabitants per km2.

Surat Thani

สุราษฎร์ธานี
City of Surat Thani
เทศบาลนครสุราษฎร์ธานี
Municipal office
Municipal office
Official seal of Surat Thani
Seal
Location of Surat Thani
Location of Surat Thani
Surat Thani is located in Thailand
Surat Thani
Surat Thani
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 9°8′23″N 99°19′50″E / 9.13972°N 99.33056°E / 9.13972; 99.33056
Country Thailand
ProvinceSurat Thani
DistrictMueang Surat Thani
Sanitation21 December 1930
Town
municipality
7 December 1935
City
municipality
4 May 2007
Government
 • MayorTheerakit Wangmuthitakul
Area
 • Total68.97 km2 (26.63 sq mi)
Area rank5th
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • Total132,040
(Registered residents)
 • Rank6th
 • Density1,914/km2 (4,960/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postcode
84000
Calling code077
Websitesuratcity.go.th


City pillar shrine in Surat Thani.

Surat Thani is near the mouth of the Tapi River on the Gulf of Thailand. The city offers no major tourist attractions in itself, and is mainly known to tourists as the jumping-off point to Ko Samui, Ko Tao, and Ko Pha Ngan. It is the regional commercial center, with a seaport dealing in the main products of the province, rubber and coconuts.

ToponymyEdit

The city received its name, which means "city of good people", by King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) in 1915. The name was given to the city due to the intense devotion of the locals to Buddhism. Previously the city was known as Bandon (Thai: บ้านดอน), meaning "village on higher ground". The name of the city is taken from the Indian city Surat in Gujarat on the Indian River Tapi. King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) gave this name to his city as he was impressed with the Indian city.

HistoryEdit

On 21 December 1930 Surat Thani became a sanitary district (sukhaphiban),[2] which was upgraded to a town (thesaban mueang) on 7 December 1935, with a municipal area of 2.67 km2.[3] The area of the municipality was enlarged to 6.95 km2 on 14 October 1958,[4] and on 22 December 1994 it was further enlarged to 68.97 km2.[5] On 4 May 2007, the town was upgraded to city status (thesaban nakhon).[6]

Since 1969 Surat Thani is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Surat Thani, responsible for about 6,000 Catholics in southern Thailand.

TransportationEdit

RailEdit

Surat Thani is connected with Bangkok by the Southern Line of the State Railway of Thailand. Surat Thani Railway Station is the main station of the province. It is in Phunphin, about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from Surat Thani.

RoadEdit

Surat Thani is connected to Nakhon Si Thammarat by Route 401. Asian highway AH2 also passes the city at Phunphin.

AirEdit

Surat Thani International Airport is about 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the city by road.[7]

WaterEdit

There are three main ferry companies that operate from mainland Surat Thani to the islands: Lomprayah, Seatran, and Raja.

There are only two ferry piers in Muang Surat Thani: Tapee Pier, which Lomprayah's High Speed Catarman operates from, and Bandon Pier, which is for night boats only. Seatran Pier and Raja Pier are both located in Don Sak District, 65km (40mi) east of Surat Thani city centre.

ClimateEdit

Surat Thani has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw). Temperatures are fairly stable throughout the year, although the pre-monsoon months (March–May) are somewhat hotter. There is a short dry season from January to April, followed by the wet season that lasts from May to December. The heaviest rains occur in October and November.

Climate data for Surat Thani (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.0
(95.0)
36.6
(97.9)
38.8
(101.8)
39.7
(103.5)
39.8
(103.6)
36.8
(98.2)
36.4
(97.5)
36.6
(97.9)
35.8
(96.4)
35.7
(96.3)
36.3
(97.3)
35.0
(95.0)
39.8
(103.6)
Average high °C (°F) 31.1
(88.0)
32.7
(90.9)
34.2
(93.6)
35.0
(95.0)
34.0
(93.2)
33.4
(92.1)
32.9
(91.2)
32.7
(90.9)
32.4
(90.3)
31.6
(88.9)
30.3
(86.5)
29.9
(85.8)
32.5
(90.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.6
(78.1)
26.4
(79.5)
27.5
(81.5)
28.3
(82.9)
27.7
(81.9)
27.6
(81.7)
27.1
(80.8)
27.0
(80.6)
26.7
(80.1)
26.4
(79.5)
26.0
(78.8)
25.5
(77.9)
26.8
(80.2)
Average low °C (°F) 21.1
(70.0)
21.1
(70.0)
21.9
(71.4)
23.4
(74.1)
23.8
(74.8)
23.7
(74.7)
23.3
(73.9)
23.4
(74.1)
23.2
(73.8)
23.1
(73.6)
22.9
(73.2)
22.0
(71.6)
22.7
(72.9)
Record low °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
16.2
(61.2)
17.0
(62.6)
20.0
(68.0)
20.7
(69.3)
20.5
(68.9)
20.5
(68.9)
20.2
(68.4)
19.7
(67.5)
19.5
(67.1)
18.5
(65.3)
17.6
(63.7)
16.2
(61.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 36.8
(1.45)
12.3
(0.48)
24.0
(0.94)
73.4
(2.89)
178.0
(7.01)
125.0
(4.92)
148.8
(5.86)
139.6
(5.50)
188.4
(7.42)
236.4
(9.31)
329.9
(12.99)
129.4
(5.09)
1,622
(63.86)
Average rainy days 5.4 2.0 3.4 7.6 17.2 14.6 16.5 16.4 19.1 18.6 17.4 12.0 150.2
Average relative humidity (%) 81 77 75 77 82 81 82 82 84 87 87 84 82
Mean monthly sunshine hours 198.4 214.7 201.5 183.0 155.0 114.0 114.7 114.7 108.0 108.5 138.0 176.7 1,827.2
Mean daily sunshine hours 6.4 7.6 6.5 6.1 5.0 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.5 4.6 5.7 5.0
Source 1: Thai Meteorological Department[8]
Source 2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[9]

CultureEdit

FestivalsEdit

  • Chak Phra - Celebrating Buddha's symbolic return to earth at the end of Buddhist Lent. Parade, floats, and long-boat races.
  • Tham Bun Dern Sip (ทำบุญเดือนสิบ) - Southern Thai Festival of the Tenth Lunar Month
  • Surat Food Fair – Held annually in March (2019 dates: 8-16 March) along the Tapi River. The largest food festival in Southern Thailand.
  • Surat Thani Vegetarian Festival - Held annually in October (2018 dates: 8-15 October). Parades, more vegetarian options in restaurants and shops, and free food at the Chinese temples
  • Songkran - Thai New Year Festival
  • Loi Krathong -

SportsEdit

Surat Thani is home to the Surat Thani Football Club (nicknamed “Police Tero”, previously known as “The Roosters”) and the Surat Thani Futsal Club (nicknamed “The Chargers”).

EducationEdit

Colleges and universitiesEdit

  • Prince of Songkla University (PSU), Surat Thani Campus
  • Surat Thani Rajabhat University (SRU)
  • Tapee University
  • Suratthani Technical College
  • Surat Thani Vocational Education College
  • Surat Commercial Technology College
  • Surat Thani Polytechnic College

Primary and secondaryEdit

Primary and secondary schools with English instruction include:

HospitalsEdit

AdministrationEdit

Subdistrict Villages Community People Households
Makham Tia 6 - 73,626 42,602
Bang Kung 5 - 28,219 14,317
Talat 1 - 26,405 15,902
Bang Bai Mai 2 - 1,495 1,095
Bang Chan 1 - 1,284 355
Khlong Chanak 3 - 1,011 277

The administration of Surat Thani city municipality is responsible for an area that covers 68.97 square kilometers and consists of six subdistricts, 18 villages (muban), 132,040 people in 74,548 households.[1]

Notable peopleEdit

Category: People from Surat Thani Province

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2562" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2019]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior (in Thai). 31 December 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2020, archiving is not necessary because DOPA provides data from 1993 to future years.
  2. ^ พระบรมราชโองการ ประกาศ ใช้พระราชบัญญัติจัดการสุขาภิบาล จังหวัดสุราษฎร์ธานี มณฑลนครศรีธรรมราช (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 47 (ก): 271–273. December 21, 1930.
  3. ^ พระราชกฤษฎีกาจัดตั้งเทศบาลเมืองสุราษฎร์ธานี จังหวัดสุราษฎร์ธานี พุทธศักราช ๒๔๗๘ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 51 (ก): 1758–1762. December 10, 1935.
  4. ^ พระราชกฤษฎีกาเปลี่ยนแปลงเขตเทศบาลเมืองสุราษฎร์ธานี จังหวัดสุราษฎร์ธานี พ.ศ. ๒๕๐๑ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 75 (79 ก): 555–558. October 14, 1958.
  5. ^ พระราชกฤษฎีกาเปลี่ยนแปลงเขตเทศบาลเมืองสุราษฎร์ธานี จังหวัดสุราษฎร์ธานี (ฉบับที่ ๒) พ.ศ. ๒๕๓๗ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 111 (59 ก): 29–32. December 21, 1994.
  6. ^ ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เปลี่ยนแปลงฐานะเทศบาลเมืองสุราษฎร์ธานี อำเภอเมืองสุราษฎร์ธานี จังหวัดสุราษฎร์ธานี เป็นเทศบาลนครสุราษฎร์ธานี (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 124 (Special 67 ง): 15. June 4, 2007.
  7. ^ "Surat Thani Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 6 February 2013.
  8. ^ "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 23. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  9. ^ "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 106. Retrieved 7 August 2016.

External linksEdit


Coordinates: 9°8′23″N 99°19′50″E / 9.13972°N 99.33056°E / 9.13972; 99.33056