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Mueang Surat Thani (Thai: เมืองสุราษฎร์ธานี, pronounced [mɯ̄a̯ŋ sù.râːt tʰāː.nīː]), formerly named the Ban Don District (Thai: บ้านดอน), is the capital district (amphoe mueang) of Surat Thani Province in southern Thailand.

Mueang Surat Thani

เมืองสุราษฎร์ธานี
District location in Surat Thani Province
District location in Surat Thani Province
Coordinates: 9°8′11″N 99°19′13″E / 9.13639°N 99.32028°E / 9.13639; 99.32028Coordinates: 9°8′11″N 99°19′13″E / 9.13639°N 99.32028°E / 9.13639; 99.32028
CountryThailand
ProvinceSurat Thani
SeatTalat
Area
 • Total233.8 km2 (90.3 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)
 • Total172,202
 • Density713.8/km2 (1,849/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code84000, 84100
TIS 10998401

GeographyEdit

The district is at the mouth of the Tapi River, where it flows into Bandon Bay of the Gulf of Thailand. Neighboring districts are (from the east clockwise): Kanchanadit, Ban Na San, Ban Na Doem, and Phunphin District.

To the east of the district the Thathong River marks the natural boundary to Kanchanadit, while the boundary to Phunphin is partially marked by the western arm of the Tapi River. Khun Thale is a small lake in the center of the district. The Khao Tha Phet non-hunting area protects 4.65 km2 of a hill south of the city of Surat Thani.

The Khun Thale swamp to the south of the district is the source of two short minor rivers which meander through the city, Khlong Makham Tia and Khlong Tha Kup.

HistoryEdit

The district was formed when in 1897 Mueang Chaiya and Kanchanadit were merged into a single province named Chaiya, with its administrative center at Ban Don.[1] The district was then named Mueang. In 1915 the province was renamed Surat Thani.[2] In 1917 the district was renamed Ban Don (บ้านดอน).[3] In 1938 the district was renamed Mueang Surat Thani, when all capital districts were named after their corresponding province.[4]

Mueang Surat Thani or Ban Don before World War II period was the location of many businesses lined along the Tapi River, such as sawmills, trade offices, office of East Asiatic Company, including water bus services, which was often called Ruea Naris (เรือนริศ) and the residence of Prince Naris as well.

In before King Rama V's reign, Ban Don was also the center of shipbuilding as well. There are skilled shipbuilders in both domestic and neighbor districts, such as Thathong, Kanchanadit, Chaiya. They can build ships, both warships and royal barges.[5]

AdministrationEdit

 
District office, Mueang Surat Thani

The district is divided into 11 sub-districts (tambons), which are further subdivided into 70 villages (mubans). Surat Thani itself is a city (thesaban nakhon) and covers tambons Talat and Bang Kung, and parts of the tambons Khlong Chanak, Bang Chana, Bang Bai Mai, and Makham Tia. Wat Pradu [Wikidata] and Khun Thale [Wikidata] have sub-district municipality (thesaban tambon) status, and cover the same-named sub-district. There are a further eight tambon administrative organizations (TAO), for each sub-district except the three completely covered by municipalities.

No. Name Thai Villages Pop.[6]
01. Talat ตลาด - 29,112
02. Makham Tia มะขามเตี้ย 08 70,974
03. Wat Pradu วัดประดู่ 10 14,675
04. Khun Thale ขุนทะเล 10 12,634
05. Bang Bai Mai บางใบไม้ 05 03,172
06. Bang Chana บางชนะ 06 03,128
07. Khlong Noi คลองน้อย 09 03,645
08. Bang Sai บางไทร 04 01,873
09. Bang Pho บางโพธิ์ 05 01,837
10. Bang Kung บางกุ้ง 05 26,944
11. Khlong Chanak คลองฉนาก 08 04,208
  

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ แจ้งความกระทรวงมหาดไทย (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 16 (29): 428. 15 October 1899.
  2. ^ ประกาศ เปลี่ยนนามอำเภอ นามเมืองและนามมณฑล (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 32 (0 ก): 145–147. 8 August 1915.
  3. ^ ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เปลี่ยนชื่ออำเภอ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 34 (0 ก): 40–68. 29 April 1917.
  4. ^ พระราชกฤษฎีกาเปลี่ยนนามจังหวัด และอำเภอบางแห่ง พุทธศักราช ๒๔๘๑ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 55 (0 ก): 658. 14 November 1938.
  5. ^ Bunnaroth Buaklee, แลนด์มาร์ค (Landmark), Bangkok Biz News Vol. 32 Issue 11218 (Monday 10 June 2019) Thai: ภาษาไทย
  6. ^ "Population statistics 2012". Department of Provincial Administration.

External linksEdit