The Tokyu Corporation (東京急行電鉄株式会社 Tōkyō Kyūkō Dentetsu Kabushiki-gaisha, lit. "Tokyo Express Electric Railway Stock Company"), also known in Japanese as Tōkyū Dentetsu (東急電鉄) for short, is a major private railway company, land developer, hotel and retail store operator in the Greater Tokyo Area of Japan. As the parent company of the Tokyu Group of companies, Tokyu Corporation's headquarters are located in Shibuya, Tokyo.
|Tokyu, Tokyu Dentetsu, Tokyo Kyuko (before 2006), TKK (from Tokyo Kyuko Kabushikigaisha)|
|Tōkyō Kyūkō Dentetsu kabushiki gaisha|
|Traded as||TYO: 9005|
|Founded||May 16, 1910 (as Musashi Electric Railway Company; renamed Tokyo-Yokohama Electric Railway in October 25, 1924 )|
September 2, 1922 (Meguro-Kamata Electric Railway)
October 16, 1939 (current iteration of company)
Renamed Tokyu in May 1, 1942
|Tokyo and Kanagawa.|
|President-Director Chairperson Representative Director|
Kiyobumi Kamijo Toshiaki Koshimura
other related services
|Parent||Dai-ichi Life (6.35%)|
The oldest predecessor of company was the Musashi Electric Railway (武蔵電気鉄道 Musashi Denki Tetsudō), opened in 1908; the railway's operations were converted into a company in 1910. Keita Goto, now known as a notable Japanese industrialist, was appointed as the CEO of the Musashi Electric Railway in 1920 and later he began a mass expansion program. The most important predecessor was first registered on September 2, 1922 as the Meguro-Kamata Electric Railway (目黒蒲田電鉄 Meguro-Kamata Dentetsu) and is related to the construction of Denenchofu (it was originally founded by the developers of Denenchofu); it was acquired by the Musashi Electric Railway in 1924, shortly before Musashi was renamed into the Tokyo-Yokohama Electric Railway (東京横浜電鉄 Tōkyō-Yokohama Dentetsu), also known as the Toyoko, in the same year.
After Musashi/Toyoko's acquisition, the Meguro-Kamata Electric Railway initially operated as a subsidiary of Toyoko. It wasn't until 1939 (precisely in 16 October) that both Toyoko and Meguro-Kamata Electric railways were formally merged; the new company took the Toyoko name.
Toyoko took its current name in 1 May 1942, after the Japanese government forced the company to acquire the Odawara Express Railway and the Keihin Electric Railway in 1943 to support Japan's efforts in World War II. In 1944 it also acquired the Keio Teito Electric Railway (which has merged with Odawara Express before in 1940). In 1948, Tokyu divested the forced-acquired companies, and the divested companies are now known as Odakyu Electric Railway, Keikyu, and Keio Corporation respectively. The 1943-1948 era of Tokyu was colloquially known as Dai-Tokyu (lit. Great Tokyu).
|Line||Symbol||Route||Length (km)||Stations||Date opened||Max speed (km/h)|
|Tōyoko Line||Shibuya – Yokohama||24.2||21||1926||110|
|Meguro Line||Meguro – Hiyoshi||11.9||13||1923||110|
|Den-en-toshi Line||Shibuya – Chūō-Rinkan||31.5||27||1907||110|
|Ōimachi Line||Ōimachi – Mizonokuchi||10.4||15||1927||85|
|Ikegami Line||Gotanda – Kamata||10.9||15||1922||80|
|Setagaya Line||Sangen-Jaya – Shimo-Takaido||5.0||10||1925||40|
|Tamagawa Line||Kamata – Tamagawa||5.6||7||2000||80|
|Total (7 lines)||99.5||96|
The Tokyu Group also owns two smaller railroad companies (Ueda Kōtsū, Izukyū Corporation), several bus companies and a major upscale department store chain called Tokyu in Japan and stores overseas (such as in the MBK Center in Bangkok, Thailand). Other retail operations include Tokyu Hands stores (except for the two locations in Nagoya, which are owned by Sanko Creative Life, Inc., and operated under license). It also runs a number of hotels under the names Tokyu/Pan Pacific in Japan and formerly owned the Pan Pacific Hotels abroad, which it sold to UOL Limited of Singapore.
Formerly the owner of Japan Air System (JAS, now merged with the flag carrier JAL Japan), Tokyu is the largest shareholder of Japan Airlines Holdings (JAL) following JAS's merger with JAL. The Tokyu Group also owns and operates the upscale Tokyu Hotels and budget Tokyu Inns.
From 1958 until 2001, Tokyu also owned the Japanese (now American) Shirokiya department store company. It was the owner of Mago Island until 2005, when Mel Gibson purchased it for US$15 million.
- Tokyu 8500 series (since 1975)
- Tokyu 8090 series (since 1980)
- Tokyu 7600 series (since 1986)
- Tokyu 9000 series (since 1986)
- Tokyu 7700 series (since 1987)
- Tokyu 1000 series (since 1988)
- Tokyu 2000 series (since 1992)
- Tokyu 300 series (Setagaya Line, since 1999)
- Tokyu 3000 series (since 1999)
- Tokyu 5000 series (since 2002)
- Tokyu 7000 series (since 2007)
- Tokyu 6000 series (since 2008)
- Tokyu 2020 series (since spring 2018)
- Tokyu 6020 series (since spring 2018)