Sa Kaeo (Thai: สระแก้ว, pronounced [sàʔ kɛ̂ːw]) is a province (changwat) of Thailand. It is in the east of Thailand about 200 km from Bangkok. Neighboring provinces are (from south clockwise) Chanthaburi, Chachoengsao, Prachinburi, Nakhon Ratchasima, and Buriram. To the east it borders Banteay Meanchey and Battambang of Cambodia.

Sa Kaeo

สระแก้ว
Countryside, Sa Kaeo Province
Countryside, Sa Kaeo Province
Flag of Sa Kaeo
Flag
Official seal of Sa Kaeo
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Sa Kaeo Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Sa Kaeo Province
CountryThailand
CapitalSa Kaeo town
Government
 • GovernorWoraphan Suwanun
(since October 2019)[1]
Area
 • Total7,195 km2 (2,778 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 27th
Population
 (2018)[3]
 • Total564,092
 • RankRanked 45th
 • Density78/km2 (200/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 64th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.5183 "low"
Ranked 73rd
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
27xxx
Calling code037
ISO 3166 codeTH-27
Websitewww.sakaeo.go.th

HistoryEdit

Sa Kaeo became a province in 1993, when the six districts Sa Kaeo, Khlong Hat, Wang Nam Yen, Aranyaprathet, Ta Phraya, and Watthana Nakhon of Prachinburi were elevated to provincial status.[5] It is thus one of the four newest provinces of Thailand, together with Amnat Charoen, Nong Bua Lam Phu, and most recently, Bueng Kan.

The province is overwhelmingly Theravada Buddhist (99.4 percent).[6]

In 1979 Sa Kaeo Refugee Camp was established northwest of Sa Kaeo town. It closed in 1989, but the legacy of the border clashes of the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s is ever present. The largest land mine field in the world was planted along the Thai-Cambodia border according to some experts. Almost 4,000 people have been injured or killed by landmines in Thailand since the border battles—19 persons in 2017 alone. According to a survey conducted in 2001, 27 of Thailand's 76 provinces were plagued with land mines, impacting more than 530 communities and some 500,000 people. Thailand still has approximately 409 km2 of mined area to clear scattered around the country. With an annual clearance rate of about one km2 between 2011 and 2015 the problem will not soon disappear.[7]

GeographyEdit

The north of the province is covered with the forested mountains of the Sankamphaeng Range and the Dangrek Mountains. To the south are the foothills of the Cardamom Mountains, which are mostly deforested.

Two national parks are found in the province: Pang Sida National Park was established in 1982, Ta Phraya National Park in 1996.

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal shows the sun rising over archaeological ruins, Prasart Kao Noi Si Chom Poo, an important Khmer temple. The rising sun symbolizes the location of the province in the east. In the front is a Buddha image in a pond with lotus flowers.

Provincial tree is Phyllanthus emblica. The provincial flower is the Orange Jessamine (Murraya paniculata).

The provincial slogan is The frontier of the east, beautiful forests and splendid waterfalls, plenty of ancient civilisations, and the commercial venue between Thailand and Cambodia.

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Map of Sa Kaeo with 9 districts

Sa Kaeo is divided into nine districts (amphoe). The districts are further subdivided into 59 sub-districts (tambons) and 619 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Sa Kaeo
  2. Khlong Hat
  3. Ta Phraya
  4. Wang Nam Yen
  5. Watthana Nakhon
  1. Aranyaprathet
  2. Khao Chakan
  3. Khok Sung
  4. Wang Sombun

Human achievement index 2017Edit

Index for the province Sa Kaeo[4]
HAI indices Map Index Rank list
Health 2 0.5759 38th
Education 3 0.3303 58th
Employment 4 0.5127 64th
Income 5 0.4323 60th
Housing and environment 6 0.8174 48th
Family and community life 7 0.4299 72nd
Transport and communication 8 0.5013 50th
Participation 9 0.5464 46th
HAI 2017 1 0.5183 73rd


Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[4]
Province Sa Kaeo, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5183, takes the 73rd place in the rankings. This is "low" between the values of 0.4637 and 0.5637.

NotesEdit

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง แต่งตั้งข้าราชการพลเรือนสามัญ" [Announcement of the Prime Minister's Office regarding the appointment of civil servants] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 136 (Special 242 Ngor). 28. 28 September 2019. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  2. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "ร่ยงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  4. ^ a b c ดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี2560 [Human Achievement Index - HAI year 2017] (PDF). social.nesdb.go.th (Report) (in Thai). National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). 2017. pp. 70–71. ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1. Retrieved 14 September 2019, Maps 1-9
  5. ^ "ABOUT SA KAEO". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Population by religion, region and area, 2015" (PDF). NSO. Retrieved 2017-10-12.
  7. ^ Taylor, Caitlin (7 January 2018). "Long fight against a hidden killer". Bangkok Post (Spectrum). Retrieved 7 January 2018.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 13°47′49″N 102°8′14″E / 13.79694°N 102.13722°E / 13.79694; 102.13722