Phang Nga province

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Phang Nga (Thai: พังงา, pronounced [pʰāŋ.ŋāː]) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, on the shore of the Andaman Sea to the west and Phang Nga Bay to the south. Neighboring provinces are (from north, clockwise) Ranong, Surat Thani, and Krabi. To the south is the Phuket province, connected by the Sarasin Bridge.

Phang Nga
พังงา
Flag of Phang Nga
Official seal of Phang Nga
Map of Thailand highlighting Phang Nga province
Map of Thailand highlighting Phang Nga province
CountryThailand
CapitalPhang Nga
Government
 • GovernorChamroen Thipphayaphongthada
(since October 2019)[1]
Area
 • Total4,171 km2 (1,610 sq mi)
 • RankRanked 53rd
Population
 (2018)[3]
 • Total268,240
 • RankRanked 72nd
 • Density64/km2 (170/sq mi)
  • RankRanked 68th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.5649 "somewhat low"
Ranked 59th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
82xxx
Calling code076
ISO 3166 codeTH-82
Websitewww.phangnga.go.th

GeographyEdit

The province is on the west side of the Malay Peninsula and includes the many islands of the Phang Nga Bay. The most famous may be the pair of Khao Phing Kan and Ko Ta Pu, the so-called James Bond Island; in the 1974 movie The Man with the Golden Gun, Khao Phing Kan is the home base of the villain, with the needle formed limestone rock of Ko Ta Pu, 20 metres (22 yd) off the main beach, featured prominently. Ao Phang Nga (Phang Nga Bay) National Park was established in 1981 to protect the many islands.[5] The Similan Islands and Surin Islands, two of Thailand's main diving destinations, are also part of Phang Nga province.[6] The total forest area is 1,778 km2 (686 sq mi) or 32.4 percent of provincial area.[7]

ToponymyEdit

Phang Nga is the modern Thai transliteration of the archaic Malay word Pangan, literally 'jungle'. The phrase orang Pangan denotes 'heathen, pagan, primitive people', in reference to a generalised tribe or people typically inhabiting jungle areas of the Malay Peninsula[8] and its offshore islands.

HistoryEdit

Phang Nga province originally believed that the name was "Mueang Phu Nga", In the past, Phu Nga city depended on Nakhon Si Thammarat.

From the chronicles it appears that before the Rattana Kosin period, Phang Nga was a sub-district with Takua Pa city. Until the reign of King Rama I of Rattankosin, Phang Nga has been elevated to a city equivalent to the city of Takua Pa and Takua Thung.

Rattanakosin periodEdit

Phang Nga was officially established in the reign of King Rama II of Rattanakosin in 1809. In that year, The Burmese attacked the towns of Takua Pa, Takua Thung and Thalang, King Rama II ordered to gather immigrants to establish a new community in Phang Nga town at "Kra Phu Nga".

Later in the reign of King Rama III, Phraya Borirak Phuthon (Saeng Na Nakhon) was appointed as the first governor of Phang Nga in 1840, and has dissolved the city of Takua Thung into a district of Phang Nga and later Takua Pa was included as a district of Phang Nga in 1931.

In 1890, King Rama V travelled to Phang Nga and recorded about the state of Phang Nga that is Phang Nga is a beautiful fertile city.

Many years later in 1916, has changed the name of "Phang Nga Town" to "Phang Nga province". Later, when the economic downturn occurred in the reign of King Rama VII, has collapsed Takua Pa, which has status as a province in the district up to Phang Nga.

SymbolsEdit

 
Provincial seal of Phang Nga

The provincial seal shows the Phu Khao Chang mountains in the background, with city hall in front. It also shows a dredge to represent the tin mining in the province.[9]

The provincial slogan is, "Massive mining industry, Ban Klang Nam 'floating house', delightful caves, strangely shaped hills, Jampun flower, rich in resources".[9]

The provincial tree is Cinnamomum porrectum (hardy cinnamon), and the provincial flower is Anaxagorea javanica.

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Map of eight districts

Provincial governmentEdit

Phang Nga is divided into eight districts (amphoes), which are further divided into 48 subdistricts (tambons) and 314 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Phang Nga
  2. Ko Yao
  3. Kapong (Malay: Kampung)
  4. Takua Thung
  5. Takua Pa
  6. Khura Buri
  7. Thap Put
  8. Thai Mueang

Local governmentEdit

As of 26 November 2019, there are:[10] one Phang Nga Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 15 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Phang Nga and Takua Pa have town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 13 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 36 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[3]

TransportationEdit

  • Roads: Hwy 4 is the main route that connects all districts in Phang Nga (except Kapong and Ko Yao). Hwy 401 connects Phang Nga to Surat Thani. Hwy 402 connects Phang Nga to Phuket province. Hwy 4090 connects Muang to Kapong District.
  • Railways: There is no rail system in Phang Nga province. The nearest railway station is at Phunphin district, Surat Thani province.
  • Bus: There are frequent buses to Bangkok and other provinces. There are also non air conditioned intra-provincial buses.
  • Public transit: songthaews are the most popular mode of public transportation in Phang Nga.
  • Motorbike-taxi: These are found mainly in Phang Nga town and are used mainly for very short distances. Charges correspond to distance traveled.
  • Airport: There is no airport in Phang Nga province. The nearest airport is Phuket International Airport.

Human achievement index 2017Edit

Health Education Employment Income
       
9 51 76 20
Housing Family Transport Participation
     
70 34 18 26
Province Phang Nga, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5649 is "somewhat low", occupies place 59 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[4]

Rank Classification
  1 - 15 "high"
16 - 30 "somewhat high"
31 - 45 "average"
45 - 60 "somewhat low"
61 - 77 "low"

National parksEdit

There are six national parks, along with fourteen other national parks, make up region 5 (Nakhon Si Thammarat) of Thailand's protected areas.

  • Ao Phang Nga (Phang Nga Bay) National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติอ่าวพังงา) was declared a national park on 29 April 981. The parks area is 250,000 rai ~ 400 square kilometers (150 sq mi)[11]: 25  It has scenic views and features mass limestone formations scattered around in the sea near the shore. The same factors contribute to the density of caves in the area. The park is fertile with mangroves and there are a number of islands in the vicinity.
Mushroom Rock Island and Ko Tapu (James Bond Island), Phang Nga Bay
  • Mu Ko Surin National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติหมู่เกาะสุรินทร์) is an archipelago of five islands: Ko Surin Nuea, Ko Surin Tai, Ko Ri, Ko Khai, and Ko Klang. It was declared a national park on 9 July 1981.[12] The national parks area is 88,282 rai ~ 141 square kilometers (54 sq mi).[11]: 30  The archipelago is in the Andaman Sea, near the Thai-Burmese oceanic border.
  • Si Phang Nga National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติศรีพังงา) was declared a national park on 16 April 1988. The park occupies an area of 153,800 rai ~ 246 square kilometers (95 sq mi).[11]: 56  The landscape of the park is dominated by rugged mountains covered with dipterocarp forests.
 
Khao Lak-Lam Ru jungle.
  • Khao Lak–Lam Ru National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติเขาหลัก-ลำรู่) was declared a national park on 30 August 1991. The park occupies an area of 78,125 rai ~ 125 square kilometers (48 sq mi)[11]: 66  and covers Thai Mueang District, Kapong District, Takua Pa District, and Mueang District. The interesting attractions are: Khao Lak (เขาหลัก), which has the Chao Pho Khao Lak Shrine, Laem Pakarang (แหลมปะการัง) which has groves of pine, making it good for camping and relaxation, and Namtok Ton Chong Fa (น้ำตกโตนช่องฟ้า) or Ton Chong Fa Waterfall.[13]
  • Khao Lampi–Hat Thai Mueang National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติเขาลำปี-หาดท้ายเหมือง) The park occupies an area of 44,950 rai ~ 72 square kilometers (28 sq mi).[11]: 52  It was declared a national park on 14 April 1988. Interesting attractions in the park include: Namtok Lampi (น้ำตกลำปี) is a 6-tiered waterfall that runs all year round; Namtok Ton Phrai (น้ำตกโตนไพร), a huge waterfall that runs all year round; and Hat Thai Mueang (หาดท้ายเหมือง), a long beach where the Sea Turtle Festival is held annually.[14]
  • Mu Ko Similan National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติหมู่เกาะสิมิลัน) was declared a national park on 1 September 1982. The park occupies an area of 87,500 rai ~ 140 square kilometers (54 sq mi)[11]: 43  Similan is a group of nine islands. Off-season is 16 May–31 October.[15]
Panorama from Similan Islands in the Andaman Sea

Wildlife sanctuaryEdit

There is one wildlife sanctuary, along with three other wildlife sanctuaries, make up region 5 (Nakhon Si Thammarat) of Thailand's protected areas.

  • Namtok Song Phraek Wildlife Sanctuary occupies an area of 138,712 rai ~ 222 square kilometers (86 sq mi).[16]: 8  The wildlife sanctuary was previously known as Ton Pariwat wildlife sanctuary and covers Kapong district, Mueang Phang Nga district and Thap Put district.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง แต่งตั้งข้าราชการพลเรือนสามัญ" [Announcement of the Prime Minister's Office regarding the appointment of civil servants] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 136 (Special 242 Ngor). 15. 28 September 2019. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  2. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 August 2019. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.{{cite report}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  3. ^ a b "รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  4. ^ a b Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  5. ^ "Ao Phang-nga National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 20 October 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  6. ^ "About Phang Nga". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  7. ^ "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  8. ^ Mid 19th century; earliest use found in Thomas Newbold (1807–1850), army officer in the East India Company and oriental scholar. Malay: pangan, a tract of forest (Oxford Dictionaries).
  9. ^ a b "Symbol of Phang Nga". OSM Andamnan: The Office of Strategy Management for Southern Province Cluster. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  10. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 33 Phang Nga: 1 PAO, 2 Town mun., 13 Subdistrict mun., 36 SAO.
  11. ^ a b c d e f . "ข้อมูลพื้นที่อุทยานแห่งชาติ ที่ประกาศในราชกิจจานุบกษา 133 แห่ง" [National Park Area Information published in the 133 Government Gazettes]. Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation (in Thai). December 2020. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
  12. ^ "Mu Ko Surin National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 26 May 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  13. ^ "Khao Lak-Lam Ru National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  14. ^ "Khao Lampi–Hat Thai Mueang National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 26 May 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  15. ^ "Mu Koh Similan National Park". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  16. ^ "ตาราง 5 พื้นที่เขตรักษาพันธุ์สัตว์ป่า พ.ศ. 2562" [Table 5 Wildlife Sanctuary Areas in 2019] (PDF). Department of National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Plant Conservation (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 1 November 2022.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 8°26′23″N 98°31′5″E / 8.43972°N 98.51806°E / 8.43972; 98.51806