China Railway Construction Corporation

China Railway Construction Corporation Limited (abbreviated CRCC) is a listed construction enterprise based in Beijing, China, that was the second largest construction and engineering company in the world by revenue in 2014.[3]

China Railway Construction Corporation Limited
Native name
中国铁建股份有限公司 (Chinese)
Company typeState-owned enterprise
1990 (holding company)[1]
2007 (listed company)[1]
Area served
Key people
Chairman: Fengchao Meng
ServicesRailway infrastructure
RevenueIncreaseCN¥680.98 billion (2017)[2]
IncreaseCN¥20.91 billion (2017)[2]
IncreaseCN¥16.92 billion (2017)[2]
Total assetsIncreaseCN¥821.89 billion (2017)[2]
Total equityIncreaseCN¥178.65 billion (2017)[2]
Number of employees
Increase261,333 (2017)[2]
SubsidiariesCCECC (100%)
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese中国铁建股份有限公司
Traditional Chinese中國鐵建股份有限公司

The limited company was incorporated in 2007 in order to float the assets of China Railway Construction Corporation [Group] (CRCCG, simplified Chinese: 中国铁道建筑总公司; traditional Chinese: 中國鐵道建築總公司, or the holding company) in Shanghai and Hong Kong stock exchange. CRCCG retained some assets which was deemed not suitable to float in the stock exchange.[4]

Following the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine the company continued doing business in Russia, including discussing building a tunnel to Crimea. For this reason Ukraine listed CRCC as an International Sponsors of War.

Corporate structure edit

CRCCG is under the supervision of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council. Since February 2008, A shares and H shares of CRCC are listing on the Shanghai and Hong Kong stock exchanges.

The financial report of the parent company (holding company) is not disclosed. As both parent and subsidiary share almost the same English name, one without the word "Limited" (they have different names in Chinese), the business activities of the holding company was often incorrectly mixed up with the publicly floated limited liability subsidiary by the media.

Subsidiaries of CRCC edit

  • China Railway Bureau Groups numbered 11 through 25 (the Bureau Groups numbering 1 through 10 belong to competitor China Railway Engineering Corporation)
    • China Railway Construction Bridge Engineering Bureau Group Co., Ltd. (former 13th Bureau)
  • China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation (CCECC)
  • CRCC High-tech Equipment (CRCCE)
  • China Railway Construction Group Ltd.
  • China Railway Electrification Bureau Group Co., Ltd.
  • China Railway Real Estate Group Co., Ltd.
  • China Railway Goods and Materials Co., Ltd.
  • Kunming China Railway Large Maintenance Machinery Co., Ltd.
  • China Railway Construction Investment Co., Ltd.
  • CRCC Finance Company Limited
  • China Railway Urban Construction Group Co., Ltd.
  • CRCG (M) Sdn Bhd (Formerly known as China Railway Oversea Engineering (M) Sdn Bhd)

History edit

Founding edit

Formerly the railway arm of the People's Liberation Army (found 1948 and became part of the Ministry of Railways from 1982). Along with China Railway Engineering Corporation, both railway construction super conglomerates were under the Ministry until 2000. The company maintains links to the People's Liberation Army.[5]

In 2003, China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation, another former entity of the Ministry of Railways, was assigned to China Railway Construction Corporation as its subsidiary.[citation needed]

IPO edit

In preparation for listing, China Railway Construction Corporation Limited was incorporated in 2007 as a joint-stock company with limited liabilities which received most of the assets of the parent company.[4] 5 Build-operate-transfer projects were not included, namely Chongqing Tiefa Suiyu Highway, Nanjing Yangtze River Tunnel, Beijing Tongda Jingcheng Highway, Xianyang Zhongtie Road and Bridge and Guangdong Chaojie Highway. Later on in 2015 CRCC bought Chongqing Tiefa Suiyu Highway from the parent company, while 20% was retained by Chongqing Expressway Co., Ltd.[6]

The company premiered on the Shanghai and Hong Kong in February 2008, raising US$5.7 billion, making the second largest IPO of that year. The performance was poorer than expected because of poor investment atmosphere from United States subprime mortgage crisis and China's economic macro-control.[citation needed]

U.S. sanctions edit

In November 2020, Donald Trump issued an executive order prohibiting any American company or individual from owning shares in companies that the United States Department of Defense has listed as having links to the People's Liberation Army, which included China Railway Construction Corporation.[7][8][9]

Projects edit

Domestic edit

CRCC has built much of the transportation infrastructure in China including high speed rail, subways, and expressways.

Asia edit

  • Bangladesh - The Dhaka Elevated Expressway, the first elevated expressway of Bangladesh, is to be constructed by CRCC in a $1.062 billion contract signed with the Italthai Industrial Group.[10]
  • Cambodia - The CRCC conducted feasibility studies on railway double tracking and railway electrification in Cambodia, Phnom Penh–Stung Treng–Siem Reap railway, and urban rail (metro and light rail) system in Phnom Penh.[11][12]
  • Pakistan - The construction of Construction on the first new-build portion of the Karachi - Lahore Motorway project between Lahore and Multan costing approximately $1.5 billion was launched in November 2015 as a joint venture between the China Railway Construction Corporation Limited and Pakistan's Zahir Khan and Brothers, Engineers and Constructors.
  • Malaysia - Construction of various buildings by CRCG (M) Sdn Bhd including:
    • Four Seasons Hotel, Kuala Lumpur
    • Coronation Square Tower 5, Johor
    • Plaza Rakyat, Kuala Lumpur
    • Dorsett Waterfront Subang, Selangor
    • Coral Bay, Sabah

Middle East and North Africa edit

  • Algeria - A consortium of CRCC and CITIC constructed the Central and Western sections of the Algeria East–West Highway in a contract worth $6.25 billion.[13]
  • Egypt - Track upgrade contract for $600m won by the China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation unit in April 2015.[14]
  • Libya - CRCC wins $2.6b bid in 2008 for west-to-east coastal railway 352 km (219 mi) from Khoms to Sirte and a south-to-north railway 800 km (500 mi) long for iron ore transport from the southern city Sabha to Misrata.
  • Saudi Arabia - CRCC wins 6.7 billion Saudi riyal contract in 2009 to build the first 18 km (11 mi) of the metro in Mecca.[15] However, due to net loss of the project, the state-owned parent company subsidized the listed company to cover the loss.[16]
  • Turkey - A consortium of CRCC and China National Machinery Import and Export Corporation with two Turkish construction firms constructed the Ankara-Istanbul high-speed railway, which opened in 2014.[17]
  • UAE - Etihad Rail is a national rail system built by the CRCC. More plans are there to build more rail lines.
  • Qatar - CRCC formed a JV with local company HBK and the JV constructed the Lusail Stadium where the final of FIFA World Cup 2022 was hosted along with other games and the final ceremony. The stadium has a capacity of 80000 and is one of the largest in the Middle East and the largest in Qatar.

Europe edit

Africa edit

  • Angola - CRCC built a 1,344 km (835 mi) railway line in Angola that opened in 2015 for a contract value of $1.83 bn.[23]
  • Mali - CRCC signed a $1.5 bn deal with the government of Mali to improve its railway system.[24]
  • Nigeria - The China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation unit signed a $3.5bn contract with the Ogun State in April 2015 to construct a railway line through the state.
  • Senegal - CRCC signed a $1.26 bn deal with the government of Senegal for work on 644.6 km (400.5 mi) of the rail line from Dakar to the Malian border.[25]

Other business areas edit

The main business activity of the company is in construction and engineering but it is also engaged in real estate development and copper mining.[citation needed]

References edit

  1. ^ a b 中国铁建股份有限公司概况 [Brief summary of China Railway Construction Corporation Limited] (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 10 March 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-10-22. Retrieved 2019-02-15.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "ENR Top 250 Global Contractors". Engineering News Record. 2014. Archived from the original on 2015-07-28. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
  4. ^ a b 與中鐵建總公司的關係 Archived 2015-06-07 at the Wayback MachineRELATIONSHIP WITH CRCCG Archived 2016-03-05 at the Wayback Machine Filing in Hong Kong Stock Exchange (in English and Chinese)
  5. ^ Allen-Ebrahimian, Bethany (2020-06-24). "Defense Department produces list of Chinese military-linked companies, 20 years after mandate". Axios. Retrieved 2020-06-24.
  6. ^ "Connected Transaction Acquisition of Equity Interest in Chongqing Tiefa Suiyu" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2015-06-07.
  7. ^ Chen, Shawna (November 12, 2020). "Trump bans Americans from investing in 31 companies with links to Chinese military". Axios. Retrieved November 12, 2020.
  8. ^ Pamuk, Humeyra; Alper, Alexandra; Ali, Idrees (2020-11-12). "Trump bans U.S. investments in firms linked to Chinese military". Reuters. Retrieved 2020-11-12.
  9. ^ Swanson, Ana (2020-11-12). "Trump Bars Investment in Chinese Firms With Military Ties". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-11-13.
  10. ^ "Now Chinese firm on the scene". Daily Star. August 26, 2014. Archived from the original on July 3, 2015. Retrieved July 27, 2015.
  11. ^ Amarthalingam, Sangeetha (May 17, 2019). "Royal Railway on track to modernisation". Capital Cambodia. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  12. ^ Vannak, Chea (May 10, 2019). "Chinese team ready to begin study on railroad revamp". Khmer Times. Retrieved June 30, 2022.
  13. ^ "CRCC reports booming overseas contracts". China Daily. October 20, 2007. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved July 27, 2015.
  14. ^ "Chinese company wins Egyptian track upgrading contract". International Railway Journal. April 15, 2015. Archived from the original on September 26, 2015. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
  15. ^ "World rail market March 2009". Railway Gazette International. 2009-03-08. Archived from the original on 16 June 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
  16. ^ Connected Transaction: Signing of the Agreement on the Arrangement of Matters in Relation to the Mecca Light Rail Project and Resumption of Trading Archived 2015-06-16 at the Wayback Machine CRCC c/o
  17. ^ "Turkey's new high-speed rail: victory for Erdogan – and China". Global Construction Review. July 29, 2014. Archived from the original on September 10, 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015.
  18. ^ "Китайским инвесторам предложили построить линию метро до Коммунарки" (in Russian). Moscow Complex for Construction and Urban Development. 2014-04-20.[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ "Chinese firms to build Moscow's new subway". Global Construction Review. 2014-05-21.
  20. ^ "Китайцы идут валютным курсом". Moscow Complex for Construction and Urban Development. 2016-05-10.
  21. ^ "Около 500 китайских инженеров приедут в Москву для строительства метро" (in Russian). Moscow Complex for Construction and Urban Development. 2017-02-14.[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ "Китайская корпорация CRCCI подписала контракт на строительство ключевой национальной автомагистрали в России". Жэньминь Жибао.
  23. ^ "CRCC-built Benguela Railway in Angola inaugurated". Want China Times. February 18, 2015.[permanent dead link]
  24. ^ "Mali signs $1.5 bln rail deal with China Railway Construction". Reuters. December 26, 2015. Archived from the original on December 16, 2016. Retrieved June 30, 2017.
  25. ^ "Senegal - Mali railway modernisation agreements signed". Railway Gazette. January 5, 2016. Archived from the original on January 7, 2016. Retrieved January 6, 2016.

External links edit