|Mayor of Moscow|
|Style||His Excellency Mr. Mayor|
|Residence||13 Tverskaya Street, Moscow|
|Seat||Moscow City House|
|Term length||5 years|
|Inaugural holder||Gavriil Popov|
|Formation||12 June 1991|
|Website||Office of the Mayor|
Moscow is both a city and separate federal subject, according to the Constitution of Russia. Most federal subjects are headed by governors, but the office of the head of Moscow is called Mayor of the City of Moscow, according to the Charter of the city of Moscow.
Sergey Sobyanin, the incumbent Mayor of Moscow, was re-elected for a new term in 2018.
The separate office of the Premier of the Government of Moscow existed in 1991-2001 (Yuri Luzhkov was the only officeholder), but it was merged with the office of Mayor of Moscow. 1999 Moscow mayoral election was the last time when the mayor ran together with the vice-mayor.
Mayor of Moscow heads Government of Moscow. The mayor's office administers all city services, public property, police and fire protection, most public agencies, and enforces all city and state laws within Moscow. The mayor's office is located in Tverskaya Street and has jurisdiction over all districts of the City of Moscow. The mayor appoints deputy mayors, directors (heads of city departments) and other officials.
The position of Mayor of Moscow was elected between 1991 and 2004. In 2004, Vladimir Putin suggested a law to abolish direct elections of governors, the Moscow mayor, and presidents of Russian regions. The law was swiftly adopted by the parliament. The new legislation moved the election system to an indirect one in which parliamentary political parties and the President of Russia nominated a candidate who must then have been approved by the Moscow City Duma. Following the 2011–13 Russian protests which followed the 2011 parliamentary election, President Dmitry Medvedev offered to re-introduce the direct elections of the governors and the mayor of Moscow, and corresponding legislation was approved by the Parliament. In the 2013 mayoral election, for the first time in 10 years, mayor was chosen by a popular vote.
A candidate to the office must be citizen of the Russian Federation over the age of 30. Candidates can be nominated both by political parties and as self-nomination. In any case, candidates must pass the "municipal filter" (collection of signatures of municipal deputies).
Sergey Sobyanin was re-elected for a new term in 2018.
Mayors of Moscow (1991–present)Edit
|No.||Election||Mayor||Took office||Left office||Party||Vice Mayor|
|1||1991||Gavriil Popov||12 June 1991||6 June 1992||Democratic Russia||Yury Luzhkov|
|2||Yury Luzhkov||6 June 1992||16 June 1996||independent||vacancy|
|1996||16 June 1996||19 December 1999||Valery Shantsev|
|1999||19 December 1999||17 December 2003||OVR → UR|
|2003||17 December 2003||6 July 2007||United Russia|
|No Direct Election||6 July 2007||28 September 2010||position abolished|
|28 September 2010||21 October 2010||United Russia|
|3||Sergey Sobyanin||21 October 2010||5 June 2013||United Russia|
|5 June 2013||12 September 2013|
|2013||12 September 2013||18 September 2018|
|2018||18 September 2018||Incumbent|
Previous heads of Moscow governmentEdit
Chairpersons of the Executive Committee (1917–1991)Edit
|No.||Portrait||Name||Took office||Left office||Political party|
|1||Viktor Nogin||September 1917||November 1917||Communist Party|
|2||Mikhail Pokrovsky||November 1917||March 1918||Communist Party|
|3||Pyotr Smidovich||March 1918||October 1918||Communist Party|
|4||Lev Kamenev||October 1918||16 January 1926||Communist Party|
|5||Konstantin Ukhanov||16 January 1926||1931||Communist Party|
|6||Nikolai Bulganin||1931||22 July 1937||Communist Party|
|7||Ivan Sidorov||22 July 1937||3 November 1938||Communist Party|
|8||Aleksandr Yefremov||3 November 1938||14 April 1939||Communist Party|
|9||Vasily Pronin||14 April 1939||7 December 1944||Communist Party|
|10||Georgy Popov||7 December 1944||18 January 1950||Communist Party|
|11||Mikhail Yasnov||18 January 1950||2 February 1956||Communist Party|
|12||Nikolai Bobrovnikov||2 February 1956||1961||Communist Party|
|13||Nikolai Dygai||1961||1963||Communist Party|
|14||Vladimir Promyslov||1963||1986||Communist Party|
|15||Valery Saikin||3 January 1986||14 April 1990||Communist Party|
|16||Yury Luzhkov||26 April 1990||2 July 1991||Communist Party|
- Constitution of the Russian Federation, 65-1
- "Устав города Москвы (утв. Московской городской Думой 28 июня 1995 г.) / Глава 1. Основные положения (ст.ст. 1 - 10)".
- Цыбульский, Владимир (January 24, 2013). Синдром отмены (in Russian). Lenta.ru. Retrieved August 21, 2013.
- "Russia's Medvedev Proposes Direct Elections Of Governors".
- "Лужков официально вступил в должность мэра Москвы" [Luzhkov officially took office as mayor of Moscow] (in Russian). December 17, 2003.
- "Лужков вступил в должность мэра Москвы" [Luzhkov took office as mayor of Moscow] (in Russian). July 26, 2007.
- "Подписан Указ о досрочном прекращении полномочий мэра Москвы" [Decree on early termination of powers of the Mayor of Moscow was signed]. kremlin.ru (in Russian). June 5, 2013.
- "Собянин официально вступил в должность мэра Москвы" [Sobyanin officially took office as mayor of Moscow]. RIA Novosti (in Russian). September 12, 2013.
- "Собянин официально вступил в должность мэра Москвы" [Sobyanin officially took office as mayor of Moscow]. RIA Novosti (in Russian). September 18, 2018.