Ogun State is a state in southwestern Nigeria. Created on 3 February 1976 from the former Western State. Ogun State borders Lagos State to the south, Oyo State and Osun State to the north, Ondo State to the east, and the Republic of Benin to the west. Abeokuta is both Ogun State's capital and most populous city; other important cities in the state include Ijebu Ode, the royal capital of the Ijebu Kingdom, and Sagamu, Nigeria's leading kola nut grower. Ogun state is covered predominantly by rain forest and has wooden savanna in the northwest . Ogun State had a total population of 3,751,140 residents as of 2006, making Ogun State the 16th most populated state in Nigeria In terms of landmass, Ogun State is the 24th largest State in Nigeria with land area of 16,762 kilometer square.
|Coordinates: 7°00′N 3°35′E / 7.000°N 3.583°ECoordinates: 7°00′N 3°35′E / 7.000°N 3.583°E|
|Date created||3 February 1976|
|• Body||Government of Ogun State|
|• Governor||Dapo Abiodun (APC)|
|• Deputy Governor||Noimot Salako-Oyedele (APC)|
|• Legislature||Ogun State House of Assembly|
|• Senators||C: Ibikunle Amosun (APC)|
E: Ramoni Olalekan Mustapha (APC)
W: Tolu Odebiyi (APC)
|• Total||16,980.55 km2 (6,556.23 sq mi)|
|• Rank||24th of 36|
|• Rank||16 of 36|
|• Density||220/km2 (570/sq mi)|
|• Total||$10.47 billion|
|• Per capita||$2,740|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (WAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||NG-OG|
medium · 2nd of 37
Nicknamed the "Gateway to Nigeria", the state is notable for having a high concentration of industrial Estates and being a major manufacturing hub in Nigeria. Major factories in Ogun include the Dangote Cement factory in Ibese, Nestle, Lafarge Cement factory in Ewekoro, Memmcol in Orimerunmu, Coleman Cables in Sagamu and Arepo, Procter & Gamble in Agbara, amongst others.
Ogun State is predominantly Yoruba, with the Yoruba language serving as the lingua franca of the state. The dominant religions in Ogun State are Islam and Christianity although a certain amount of traditional religion is still practiced. Ogun State is noted for being the almost exclusive site of Ofada rice production. Ogun is also home to many icons in Nigeria in particular and Africa in general.
The current governor is Dapo Abiodun, A member of the All Progressives Congress, who heads the Executive Council of Ogun State. On Wednesday May 29, 2019, Abiodun was sworn in as the fifth governor of Ogun State at the MKO Abiola Stadium in Kuto, Abeokuta.
Local government areasEdit
The State government is led by a democratically elected governor who works closely with members of the state's house of assembly. The capital city of the state is Abeokuta.
The governor of the state is selected using a modified two-round system. To be elected in the first round, a candidate must receive the plurality of the vote and over 25% of the vote in at least two -third of the State local government Areas. If no candidate passes threshold, a second round will be held between the top candidate and the next candidate to have received a plurality of votes in the highest number of local government Areas.
Ogun State consists of twenty local government areas. They are:
- Abeokuta North Akọmọjẹ
- Abeokuta South Ake
- Ado-Odo/Ota Ọ̀tà
- Ewekoro Itori
- Ifo Ifo
- Ijebu East Ọ̀gbẹ̀rẹ̀
- Ijebu North Ìjẹ̀bú Igbó
- Ijebu North East Atan
- Ijebu Ode Ìjẹ̀bú-Òde
- Ikenne Ìkẹ́nnẹ́
- Imeko Afon Imẹkọ
- Ipokia Ipokia
- Obafemi Owode Owódé-Ẹ̀gbá
- Odogbolu Odògbólú
- Odeda Odẹda
- Ogun Waterside Abigi
- Remo North Ìṣarà-Rẹ́mọ
- Yewa North
(formerly Egbado North) Ayetoro
- Yewa South
(formerly Egbado South) Ilaro
The main ethnic groups in Ogun State are the Ẹgba, Ijebu, Remo, Egbado, Awori and the Egun peoples.There are also sub groups like the Ikale, the Ketu, the Ohori and the Anago
Ogun State is divided into three senatorial districts: Ogun Central, Ogun East and Ogun West.
Ogun Central consists mostly of the Egbas that occupies six local governments: Abeokuta North (Akomoje), Abeokuta south (Ake), Ewekoro (Itori), Ifo (Ifo), Obafemi owode (Owode ẹgba) and Odeda (Odeda).
Ogun East consists mostly of the Ijebus and the Remos that occupies 9 local governments: Ijebu East (Ogbẹrẹ), Ijebu North (Ijebu Igbo), Ijebu North East (Attan), Ijebu ode (Ijebu ode), Ikenne (Ikenne remo), Odogbolu (Odogbolu), Ogun waterside (Abigi), Remo North (Ilisan Remo) and Sagamu (Sagamu).
Ogun West consists mostly of the Yewas (formerly Egbados) that occupies 5 local governments: Ado odo Ota (Otta), Imeko Afon (Imeko), Ipokia (Ipokia), Yewa North (Ayetoro) and Yewa South (Ilaro).
Ogun state has three federal secondary schools; Federal Government Girls' College, Sagamu  and Federal Government College, Odogbolu and Federal Science and Technical College, Ijebu-Imushin.
Ogun state has one Federal University; the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (FUNAAB) and one Federal college of education, FCE Osiele (both at Odeda Local government area), one state government college of education, named after the late Nigerian educationist of international repute Augustus Taiwo Solarin in 1994 as Tai Solarin College of Education (TASCE), (formerly known as Ogun State College of Education, Ijagun, Ijebu-Ode, one Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro). One is named after late Nigerian business mogul and winner of June 12, 1993 election, Basorun Moshood Kasimawo Olawale Abiola as Moshood Abiola Polytechnic (MAPOLY), formerly known as Ogun State Polytechnic, Ojere, Abeokuta, Another Gateway Polytechnic Saapade, Remo (GAPOSA), Abraham Adesanya Polytechnic Ijebu-Igbo (Aapoly) (formerly known as 'The Polytechnic Ijebu-Igbo) it was name after Chief Abraham Aderibigbe Adesanya who was a Nigerian politician, lawyer and activist.
Two state government universities: Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye (formerly known as Ogun State University), and the Tai Solarin University of Education (TASUED) Ijebu Ode.
Ogun State has a total of nine registered universities, the highest of any state in Nigeria. It has five private universities. Amongst others are Chrisland University, Abeokuta Bells University of Technology in Ota, Covenant University and Babcock University in Ilisan-Remo, which was the first private university in the country.
The state has two major government hospitals: the Federal Medical Center at Abeokuta, and the Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital in Sagamu. The National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) Permanent Orientation Camp is located at Sagamu Local Government area of the state.
Ogun state Government has begin the itele road today
- Babcock University, Ilisan Remo
- Bells University of Technology, Ota
- Chrisland University, Abeokuta 
- Christopher University, Lagos Ibadan ExpresWay Makun, Sagamu
- Covenant University, Ota 
- Crawford University, Igbesa
- Crescent University, Abeokuta
- Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro
- Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
- Hallmark University, Ijebu Itele
- McPherson University, Seriki-Sotayo 
- Moshood Abiola Polytechnic, Ojere
- Mountain Top University, Lagos-Ibadan Expressway
- National Open University of Nigeria, Kobape, Abeokuta
- Ogun State College of Health Technology, Ilese, Ijebu Ode
- Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye
- Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijagun, Ijebu-Ode
Notable religious placesEdit
- The Bilikisu Sungbo Shrine, Oke-Eiri, near Ijebu-Ode. It was declared a part of the national heritage in 1964, and is believed by the Ijebus to be the burial place of the fabled  Queen of Sheba. It serves as a place of pilgrimage for Yoruba traditionalists, Yoruba Muslims and Yoruba Christians alike.
- The Church of the Lord (Aladura), Ogere Remo
- Redemption Camp (Lagos Ibadan Express Road)
- Living Faith Church Worldwide, (Canaanland, Km. 10, Idiroko Road, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria)
- Abraham Adesanya (1922–2008), politician
- Adebayo Adedeji (1930–2018), economist
- Adebayo Ogunlesi (b. 1953), lawyer, investment banker
- Adegboyega Dosunmu Amororo II, film producer, Olowu of Owu kingdom
- Adewale Oke Adekola
- Afolabi Olabimtan
- Anthony Joshua
- Babafemi Ogundipe
- Babatunde Osotimehin
- Bisi Onasanya
- Bola Ajibola
- Bola Kuforiji Olubi
- Bosun Tijani (b. 1977), Entrepreneur
- Olu Oyesanya
- Cornelius Taiwo
- Dapo Abiodun
- David Alaba, son of George Alaba, a prince of Ogere Remo
- Dimeji Bankole
- Ebenezer Obey, jùjú musician
- Ernest Shonekan
- Fela Kuti (1938–1997), multi-instrumentalist, bandleader, composer, political activist, Pan-Africanist
- Fireboy DML, singer
- Femi Okurounmu, politician
- Fola Adeola[dubious ], businessman, politician
- Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti (1900–1978), educator, women's rights activist
- Funke Akindele (b. 1977), Actress
- Gbenga Daniel (b. 1956), politician
- Hannah Idowu Dideolu Awolowo (1915–2015), businesswoman and politician
- Hubert Ogunde (1916–1990), actor, playwright, theatre manager and musician
- Ibikunle Amosun (b. 1958), politician, senator, Governor of Ogun State in 2011–2019
- Idowu Sofola (1934–1982), jurist, President of the Nigerian Bar Association in 1980–1982
- Joseph Adenuga (b. 1982), aka Skepta, British musician and record producer
- Jubril Martins-Kuye (b. 1942), politician
- K1 De Ultimate (b. 1957), Fuji musician
- Kehinde Sofola (1924–2007), jurist
- Kemi Adeosun (b. 1967), former Finance Minister of Nigeria
- Laycon (b. 1993), professional name of Olamilekan Moshood Agbeleshe, reality TV personality, rapper, singer and songwriter
- Mike Adenuga
- Moshood Abiola
- Oba Otudeko (b. 1943), businessman
- Obafemi Awolowo (1909–1987)
- Ola Rotimi
- Olabisi Onabanjo
- Oladipo Diya
- Olawunmi Banjo
- Olusegun Obasanjo
- Olusegun Osoba
- Paul Adefarasin
- Peter Akinola
- Salawa Abeni
- Sara Forbes Bonetta
- Tai Solarin (1922–1994), educator, author, civil rights activist
- Thomas Adeoye Lambo (1923–2004), scholar, administrator, psychiatrist, Deputy Director General of the World Health Organization
- Tunde Bakare (b. 1954), Prophetic-Apostolic Pastor, politician
- Tunji Olurin (b. 1944), retired general
- Wole Soyinka (b. 1934), 1986 The Nobel Prize for Literature laureate
- Yemi Osinbajo (b. 1957), politician, lawyer
Tourist centers in Ogun stateEdit
Mineral resources in Ogun StateEdit
The following are the mineral resources in Ogun State:
- Limestone and Phosphate
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- Media related to Ogun State at Wikimedia Commons
- Ogun State Government Homepage
- Portal of Educational Institutions in Ogun State
- Federal Government College, Odogbolu
- Abraham Adesanya Polytechnic, Ijebu-Igbo,https://aapoly.edu.ng/
- Mercyland International Schools Homepage
- Gateway Polytechnic, Saapade, Remo https://gaposa.edu.ng
- List of NBTE approved State government owned Polytechnics in Nigeria https://net.nbte.gov.ng/state%20polytechnics