Ogun State is a state in southwestern Nigeria. Created on 3 February 1976 from the former Western State. Ogun State borders Lagos State to the south, Oyo State and Osun State to the north, Ondo State to the east, and the Republic of Benin to the west. Abeokuta is both Ogun State's capital and most populous city; other important cities in the state include Ijebu Ode, the royal capital of the Ijebu Kingdom, and Sagamu, Nigeria's leading kola nut grower.[3] Ogun state is covered predominantly by rain forest and has wooden savanna in the northwest .[4] Ogun State had a total population of 3,751,140 residents as of 2006,[5] making Ogun State the 16th most populated state in Nigeria[6] In terms of landmass, Ogun State is the 24th largest State in Nigeria with land area of 16,762 kilometer square.[7]

Ogun State
Aerial view of Gbagura mosque in Abeokuta in Ogun State
Aerial view of Gbagura mosque in Abeokuta in Ogun State
Flag of Ogun State
Seal of Ogun State
Location of Ogun State in Nigeria
Location of Ogun State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 7°00′N 3°35′E / 7.000°N 3.583°E / 7.000; 3.583Coordinates: 7°00′N 3°35′E / 7.000°N 3.583°E / 7.000; 3.583
Country Nigeria
Date created3 February 1976
 • BodyGovernment of Ogun State
 • GovernorDapo Abiodun (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorNoimot Salako-Oyedele (APC)
 • LegislatureOgun State House of Assembly
 • SenatorsC: Ibikunle Amosun (APC)
E: Ramoni Olalekan Mustapha (APC)
W: Tolu Odebiyi (APC)
 • RepresentativesList
 • Total16,980.55 km2 (6,556.23 sq mi)
 • Rank24th of 36
 (2006 census)
 • Total3,751,140
 • Rank16 of 36
 • Density220/km2 (570/sq mi)
 • Year2007
 • Total$10.47 billion[1]
 • Per capita$2,740[1]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
ISO 3166 codeNG-OG
HDI (2018)0.662[2]
medium · 2nd of 37

Nicknamed the "Gateway to Nigeria", the state is notable for having a high concentration of industrial Estates and being a major manufacturing hub in Nigeria. Major factories in Ogun include the Dangote Cement factory in Ibese,[8] Nestle,[9] Lafarge Cement factory in Ewekoro, Memmcol in Orimerunmu,[10] Coleman Cables in Sagamu and Arepo,[11] Procter & Gamble in Agbara,[12] amongst others.

Ogun State is predominantly Yoruba,[13] with the Yoruba language serving as the lingua franca of the state. The dominant religions in Ogun State are Islam and Christianity although a certain amount of traditional religion is still practiced.[14] Ogun State is noted for being the almost exclusive site of Ofada rice production. Ogun is also home to many icons in Nigeria in particular and Africa in general.


The current governor is Dapo Abiodun, A member of the All Progressives Congress, who heads the Executive Council of Ogun State.[15] On Wednesday May 29, 2019, Abiodun was sworn in as the fifth governor of Ogun State at the MKO Abiola Stadium in Kuto, Abeokuta.[16]

Local government areasEdit


The State government is led by a democratically elected governor who works closely with members of the state's house of assembly. The capital city of the state is Abeokuta.[17]

Electoral systemEdit

The governor of the state is selected using a modified two-round system. To be elected in the first round, a candidate must receive the plurality of the vote and over 25% of the vote in at least two -third of the State local government Areas. If no candidate passes threshold, a second round will be held between the top candidate and the next candidate to have received a plurality of votes in the highest number of local government Areas.[18]

Ogun State consists of twenty local government areas. They are:

The main ethnic groups in Ogun State are the Ẹgba, Ijebu, Remo, Egbado, Awori and the Egun peoples.There are also sub groups like the Ikale, the Ketu, the Ohori and the Anago[19]

Ogun State is divided into three senatorial districts: Ogun Central, Ogun East and Ogun West.

Ogun Central consists mostly of the Egbas that occupies six local governments: Abeokuta North (Akomoje), Abeokuta south (Ake), Ewekoro (Itori), Ifo (Ifo), Obafemi owode (Owode ẹgba) and Odeda (Odeda).

Ogun East consists mostly of the Ijebus and the Remos that occupies 9 local governments: Ijebu East (Ogbẹrẹ), Ijebu North (Ijebu Igbo), Ijebu North East (Attan), Ijebu ode (Ijebu ode), Ikenne (Ikenne remo), Odogbolu (Odogbolu), Ogun waterside (Abigi), Remo North (Ilisan Remo) and Sagamu (Sagamu).

Ogun West consists mostly of the Yewas (formerly Egbados) that occupies 5 local governments: Ado odo Ota (Otta), Imeko Afon (Imeko), Ipokia (Ipokia), Yewa North (Ayetoro) and Yewa South (Ilaro).

Educational facilitiesEdit

Ogun state has three federal secondary schools; Federal Government Girls' College, Sagamu [20] and Federal Government College, Odogbolu[21] and Federal Science and Technical College, Ijebu-Imushin.[22]

Ogun state has one Federal University; the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (FUNAAB[23]) and one Federal college of education, FCE Osiele (both at Odeda Local government area), one state government college of education, named after the late Nigerian educationist of international repute Augustus Taiwo Solarin in 1994 as Tai Solarin College of Education (TASCE[24]), (formerly known as Ogun State College of Education, Ijagun, Ijebu-Ode, one Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro). One is named after late Nigerian business mogul and winner of June 12, 1993 election, Basorun Moshood Kasimawo Olawale Abiola as Moshood Abiola Polytechnic (MAPOLY[25]), formerly known as Ogun State Polytechnic, Ojere, Abeokuta, Another Gateway Polytechnic Saapade,[26] Remo (GAPOSA), Abraham Adesanya Polytechnic[26] Ijebu-Igbo (Aapoly) (formerly known as 'The Polytechnic Ijebu-Igbo) it was name after Chief Abraham Aderibigbe Adesanya who was a Nigerian politician, lawyer and activist.

Two state government universities: Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye (formerly known as Ogun State University), and the Tai Solarin University of Education (TASUED[27]) Ijebu Ode.[5]

Ogun State has a total of nine registered universities, the highest of any state in Nigeria. It has five private universities.[28] Amongst others are Chrisland University, Abeokuta Bells University of Technology in Ota, Covenant University and Babcock University in Ilisan-Remo, which was the first private university in the country.[5]

The state has two major government hospitals: the Federal Medical Center at Abeokuta, and the Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital in Sagamu. The National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) Permanent Orientation Camp is located at Sagamu Local Government area of the state.[5]

Ogun state Government has begin the itele road today[29]

Tertiary institutionsEdit

Moshood Abiola Polytechnic entrance gate, Abeokuta, Ogun state

Think tanksEdit

Notable religious placesEdit

Notable peopleEdit

Tourist centers in Ogun stateEdit

Major riversEdit

Mineral resources in Ogun StateEdit

The following are the mineral resources in Ogun State:[34]

  • Clay
  • Limestone and Phosphate
  • Bitumen
  • Kaolin
  • Gemstone
  • Feldspar


  1. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ "Ogun | state, Nigeria". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2021-09-23.
  4. ^ Aderoju, Michael Atilade (2015). "Impact of kolanuts trade on socio-economic development of Sagamu, 1910-1970". Nigerian Journal of Economic History. 13: 167–188.
  5. ^ a b c d "Ogun State". Ogun Smart City. Retrieved 2020-05-24.
  6. ^ "National Results" (PDF). 2011-05-19. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 May 2011. Retrieved 2021-12-10.
  7. ^ "World Gazetteer: Nigeria - administrative divisions (per geographical…". archive.ph. 2013-01-05. Archived from the original on 2013-01-05. Retrieved 2021-12-10.
  8. ^ "Ibese Cement Plant - Dangote Cement". dangote.com. Archived from the original on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  9. ^ "Nestlé Flowergate Factory, Ogun". Food Processing Technology. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  10. ^ "Electricity Meter Manufacturing Company". www.memmcol.com. Retrieved Aug 6, 2020.
  11. ^ "Coleman Wires and Cables". www.colemancables.com. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  12. ^ "P&G in Nigeria". www.pgcareers.com. Retrieved 2020-05-24.
  13. ^ "OGUN STATE". Ogun State Government Official Website. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  14. ^ Oludare, Ishola (2021-08-15). "Declare public holiday for Ifa festival like Muslims, Christians – Traditionalists tell Abiodun". Daily Post Nigeria. Retrieved 2021-12-08.
  15. ^ "Executives". Ogun State Government Official Website. Archived from the original on 2020-09-22. Retrieved 2020-05-24.
  16. ^ "Abiodun takes oath of office as Ogun Gov". Punch Newspapers. 2019-05-29. Retrieved 2022-02-04.
  17. ^ Oguntola, Tunde (2022-09-27). "2023: Next President, Govs Must Get Two-thirds Spread, Says INEC". Retrieved 2023-02-23.
  18. ^ Oguntola, Tunde (2022-09-27). "2023: Next President, Govs Must Get Two-thirds Spread, Says INEC". Retrieved 2023-02-23.
  19. ^ "6 Important Facts about Ogun State You Probably Didn't Know". Vanguard News. 2017-07-27. Retrieved 2021-12-06.
  20. ^ "Federal Government Girls College, Sagamu | School Website". www.fggcsagamu.org.ng. Retrieved 2020-05-24.
  21. ^ "Federal Government College, Odogbolu | School Website". fgcodogbolu.com.ng. Retrieved 2020-05-24.
  22. ^ "Federal Science And Technical College, Ijebu Imushin | School Website". fstcijebuimusin.com. Retrieved 2020-05-24.
  23. ^ "Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, teaching, learning, research". Retrieved Aug 6, 2020.
  24. ^ ":::TASCE". tasce.edu.ng. Retrieved Aug 6, 2020.
  25. ^ "Moshood Abiola Polytechnic". Retrieved Aug 6, 2020.
  26. ^ a b "List of NBTE approved State government owned Polytechnics in Nigeria". NBTE portal.
  27. ^ "Tai Solarin University of Education | The Premier University of Education". tasued.edu.ng. Retrieved Aug 6, 2020.
  28. ^ "Ogun State". Ogun Smart City. Retrieved 2022-02-25.
  29. ^ "Mindat.org". www.mindat.org. Retrieved 2023-02-16.
  30. ^ "Home - Chrisland University". www.chrislandtuniversity.edu.ng.
  31. ^ "Home - Covenant University". www.covenantuniversity.edu.ng.
  32. ^ "McPherson University". Jul 15, 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-07-15. Retrieved Aug 6, 2020.
  33. ^ Sungbo Eredo and Its Ecotourism Values: Sonubi O K (2009)
  34. ^ "Natural Resources – Welcome To The Embassy of Nigeria". Retrieved 2021-12-19.

External linksEdit