Lagos, sometimes referred to as Lagos State to distinguish it from Lagos Metropolitan Area, is a state in the southwestern geopolitical zone of Nigeria. The smallest in area of Nigeria's 36 states, Lagos State is arguably the most economically important state of the country, containing Lagos, the nation's largest urban area. It is a major financial centre and would be the fifth largest economy in Africa, if it were a country.
Ìpínlẹ̀ Èkó (Yoruba)
Location of Lagos State in Nigeria
|Geopolitical Zone||South West|
|Date created||27 May 1967|
|Number of LGAs||20|
|• Governor||Akinwunmi Ambode (APC)|
|• Deputy Governor||Oluranti Adebule (APC)|
|• Chief Judge||Opeyemi Oke|
|• Total||3,577 km2 (1,381 sq mi)|
| • Estimate |
(2012 by LASG)
|• Rank||2nd of 36|
|• Density||2,500/km2 (6,600/sq mi)|
|• Total||$91 billion|
|• Per capita||$4,333|
|Time zone||UTC+01 (WAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||NG-LA|
|HDI (2016)||0.652 · 1st of 36|
The actual population total is disputed between the official Nigerian Census of 2006 and a much higher figure claimed by the Lagos State Government.
Lagos State is bounded on the north and east by Ogun State. In the west it shares boundaries with the Republic of Benin. Behind its southern borders lies the Atlantic Ocean. 22% of its 3,577 km2 are lagoons and creeks.
Before the Portuguese name of Lagos had been adopted, Lagos' initial name was Eko which referred mainly to the Island. The first to settle in Eko were the Aworis. The Awori hunters and fishermen had originally come from Ile-Ife to the coast. The name "Eko" comes from the bini word means (war camp). Over 650 years ago, the Oba of Bini sent warriors to the region and the Awori people were conquered. The Bini Prince, Ado, who led the war was asked by the Oba of Benin to become their leader. From that point on, Eko, modern day Lagos belongs to Benin Empire.
Lagos State was created on 27 May 1967 according to the State Creation and Transitional Provisions Decree No. 14 of 1967, which restructured Nigeria into a Federation of 12 states. Before the issuance of this Decree, Lagos city, which was the country's capital had been administered directly by the Federal Government through the Federal Ministry of Lagos Affairs. However, Ikeja, Agege, Mushin, Ikorodu, Epe and Badagry were administered by the then Western Region Government. Lagos, the city, along with these other towns were captured to create the state of Lagos, with the state becoming fully recognized as a semi-autonomous administrative division on 11 April 1968. Lagos served the dual role of being the State and Federal Capital until 1976, when the capital of the State was moved to Ikeja. After the full establishment of the Federal Capital Territory, the seat of the Federal Government was also formally relocated to Abuja on 12 December 1991. Nevertheless, Lagos still remains the financial centre of the country, and also grew to become the most populous city in the state and the country.
Cities and townsEdit
Lagos is the most populous city in the state and in Nigeria as a whole. The conurbation is one of the most populous in the world. As of 2015, the population of Lagos city was approximately 16 million. Lagos is a port which originated on islands separated by creeks, such as Lagos Island, fringing the southwest mouth of Lagos Lagoon while protected from the Atlantic Ocean by barrier islands and long sand spits such as Bar Beach, which stretch up to 100 kilometres (62 miles) east and west of the mouth. The metropolitan area of Lagos includes Ikeja (which is the capital of Lagos State) and Agege and Mushin.
Ikeja is the state capital of Lagos State. Prior to the emergence of military rule in the early 1980s, Ikeja was a well planned, clean and quiet residential and commercial town with shopping malls, pharmacies and government reservation areas. The Murtala Mohammed International Airport is in Ikeja. Ikeja is also home to Femi Kuti's African Shrine and Lagbaja's Motherland, both live music venues. It now boasts a shopping mall, Ikeja City Mall, which is the largest mall in the Mainland of Lagos State and also has a cinema.
Lekki is a city in the south eastern part of the state. It is a naturally formed peninsula, which is still largely under construction. As of 2015, only phase 1 of the project has been completed, with phase 2 nearing completion. The peninsula is approximately 70 to 80 km long, with an average width of 10 km. Lekki currently houses several estates, gated residential developments, agricultural farmlands, areas allocated for a Free Trade Zone, an airport, and a sea port under construction. The proposed land use master plan for the Lekki envisages the Peninsula as a "Blue-Green Environment City", expected to accommodate over 3.4 million residential population and an additional non-residential population of at least 1.9 million.
Eko Atlantic is a planned city being constructed on land reclaimed from the Atlantic Ocean. It is located on former Lagos’ Bar Beach. Upon completion, the new island which is still under development is anticipating at least 250,000 residents and a daily flow of at least 150,000 commuters. The development will also have a positive environmental impact; its purpose is to stop the erosion of the Lagos coastline. The Eko Atlantic City project received global recognition in 2009, as the Lagos State government and its private sector partners on the Project, South Energyx, received the Clinton Global Initiative Commitment Certificate.
Badagry is a coastal town in the state. It is situated between Metropolitan Lagos, and the border with Benin at Seme. As of the preliminary 2006 census results, the municipality had a population of 241,093.
Lagos State is a major economic centre of Nigeria. It would be the fifth largest economy in Africa if it were a country.
Since its creation in 1967, the state has been administered either by a governor and a House of Assembly in civilian or quasi-civilian (under Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida's administration) federal administrations, or by Sole-Administrators or Military Administrators in military dispensations. Since December 2007, Yoruba has been the second official language of debate and discussion for the House of Assembly after English.
Administrative divisions and local government areasEdit
This section needs to be updated.June 2015)(
|LGA name||Area (km2)||Census 2006
|Lagos Island||9||209,437||Lagos Island||101|
|Lagos Mainland||19||317,720||Lagos Mainland||101|
The first 16 of the above LGAs comprise the statistical area of Metropolitan Lagos. The remaining four LGAs (Badagry, Ikorodu, Ibeju-Lekki and Epe) are within Lagos State but are not part of Metropolitan Lagos.
In 2003, many of the existing 20 LGAs were split for administrative purposes into Local Council Development Areas. These lower-tier administrative units now number 56: Agbado/Oke-Odo, Agboyi/Ketu, Agege, Ajeromi, Alimosho, Apapa, Apapa-Iganmu, Ayobo/Ipaja, Badagry West, Badagry, Bariga, Coker Aguda, Egbe Idimu, Ejigbo, Epe, Eredo, Eti Osa East, Eti Osa West, Iba, Isolo, Imota, Ikoyi, Ibeju, Ifako-Ijaiye, Ifelodun, Igando/Ikotun, Igbogbo/Bayeku, Ijede, Ikeja, Ikorodu North, Ikorodu West, Ikosi Ejinrin, Ikorodu, Ikorodu West, Iru/Victoria Island, Itire Ikate, Kosofe, Lagos Island West, Lagos Island East, Lagos Mainland, Lekki, Mosan/Okunola, Mushin, Odi Olowo/Ojuwoye, Ojo, Ojodu, Ojokoro, Olorunda, Onigbongbo, Oriade, Orile Agege, Oshodi, Oto-Awori, Shomolu, Surulere and Yaba.
Tertiary educational institutions in Lagos StateEdit
- University of Lagos
- Lagos State College of Health Technology
- Lagos State University
- Lagos Business School
- Caleb University
- Yaba College of Technology
- Lagos State Polytechnic
- Pan-African University
- Adeniran Ogunsanya College of Education
- Lagos City Polytechnic
- Wolex Polytechnic
- Eko College of Management and Technology, ikotun
- St Augustine College of Education, Akoka
- Michael Otedola College of Primary Education
- National Open University of Nigeria, Lagos study centres
- Federal College of Education, Akoka
- Nigerian Institute of Journalism, Ikeja
- Augustine University Ilara, Epe
- Federal College of Orthopedic Technology, Igbobi
While the state is essentially a Yoruba-speaking environment, it is a socio-cultural melting pot attracting both Nigerians and foreigners alike.
There is also an admixture of other pioneer settlers collectively known as the Ekos.
- Femi Ojo Ade, writer
- Jimi Agbaje, politician
- Henry Ajomale, politician
- Rilwan Akiolu, Oba of Lagos
- Akinwunmi Ambode, State Governor
- Ayodele Awojobi, academic
- Muiz Banire, lawyer
- Henry Rawlingson Carr, educator
- Babatunde Fashola, politician
- Femi Gbajabiamila, politician
- Bode George, politician
- Adekunle Gold, singer
- Amy Jadesimi, businesswoman
- Oladipo Jadesimi, businessman
- Mobolaji Johnson, military governor
- Fela Kuti, musician
- Herbert Macaulay, nationalist
- Musiliu Obanikoro, politician
- Hakeem Olajuwon, basketball player
- Babatunde Olatunji, musician
- Bruce Onobrakpeya, artist
- Wole Soyinka, writer
- Bola Tinubu, politician
- Madam Efunroye Tinubu, aristocrat
- Oluremi Tinubu, politician
- Funsho Williams, politician
- Lucky Izuagie, administrator
Murtala Mohammed International Airport in Ikeja is one of Nigeria's five major international airports. It was built in 1978 and named after the former military head of state Late General Murtala Mohammed.
- See List of Governors of Lagos State for a list of prior governors
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- "FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA : 2006 Population Census" (PDF). Web.archive.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
- Akinkuotu, Eniola (21 January 2015). "We can double Lagos GDP, says Ambode". The Punch NG. Archived from the original on 24 March 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
- "National Human Development Report 2018" (PDF).
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- World's fastest growing cities and urban areas from 2006 to 2020, by CityMayors.com
- "Population". Lagos State Government. 2011. Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
- "Lekki Master Plan". Lagos State Government. Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
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- Elumoye, Deji (26 September 2007). "'Eko Atlantic city Underway'". Thisday (via allAfrica.com). AllAfrica Global Media. Retrieved 4 February 2008.
- Dada, Akinpelu (18 May 2009). "'Construction work on Eko Atlantic city to commence soon'". The Punch. Retrieved 21 May 2009.[permanent dead link]
- "Fashola Receives Clinton Award For Eko Atlantic City". AllAfrica.com. ThisDay. 29 September 2009. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
- Akinola, Femi (19 December 2010). "A Fairy Tale, Dream Home for the Super-Rich". Sunday Trust. Abuja, Nigeria. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
- Ayeyemi, Dayo (24 January 2012). "Projects that will shape real estate sector in 2012". National Mirror. Archived from the original on 21 February 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
- The area is led by a traditional chief, Akran De Wheno Aholu Menu - Toyi 1, who is also the permanent vice-chairman of obas and chiefs in Lagos State. Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette Archived 2007-07-04 at the Wayback Machine, published 15 May 2007, accessed 8 July 2007
- "NigeriaCongress.org". Archived from the original on 3 January 2004. Retrieved 8 April 2007.
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- "Internally Generated Revenue At State Level 2017". National Bureau of Statistics.
- "Lagos State - Population".
- "Local Government Areas". Retrieved 20 March 2010.
- National Open University Of Nigeria, Lagos Study Centres
- Ade Adefuye; et al., eds. (1987), History of the peoples of Lagos State, Lagos: Lantern Books, ISBN 9789782281487
- Ajose, Sunny A. 2010. "The Evolution and Development of Lagos State Administration in Lagos State: A Sociological Approach."
- Michael Filani (2012), The Changing Face of Lagos: From Vision to Reform and Transformation (PDF), Cities Alliance