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Suphan Buri Province

Suphan Buri (Thai: สุพรรณบุรี, pronounced [sù.pʰān būrīː]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Uthai Thani, Chai Nat, Sing Buri, Ang Thong, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Nakhon Pathom and Kanchanaburi.

Suphan Buri

สุพรรณบุรี
Suphan Buri Tutelary Shrine
Suphan Buri Tutelary Shrine
Flag of Suphan Buri
Flag
Official seal of Suphan Buri
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Suphan
Map of Thailand highlighting Suphan Buri Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Suphan Buri Province
CountryThailand
CapitalSuphan Buri
Government
 • GovernorSuphiphat Chongphanit (since October 2013)
Area
 • Total5,358 km2 (2,069 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 40th
Population
 (2014)
 • Total849,053
 • RankRanked 24th
 • Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 18th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
ISO 3166 codeTH-72

EtymologyEdit

The word suphan originates from the Sanskrit word Suvarna (Devanagari: सुवर्ण), meaning 'gold', and the word buri from Sanskrit purī (Devanagari: पुरी), meaning 'town' or 'city'. Hence the name of the province literally means 'city of gold'.

GeographyEdit

The terrain of the province is mostly low river plains, with small mountain ranges in the north and the west of the province. The southeastern part with the very low plain of the Tha Chin River is paddy rice farming area.

HistoryEdit

Suphan Buri might be the site of the legendary Suvarnabhumi, which is mentioned in very old Buddhist writings.[1] However the first confirmed historical settlement was in the Dvaravati period, when the city was known as Meuang Thawarawadi Si Suphannaphumi ('the Dvaravati city of Suvarnabhumi').[2] Its founding took place c. 877-882. Later it was called U Thong, and was the home city of Prince U Thong, the founder of the Ayutthaya Kingdom. King Khun Luang Pha Ngua gave it the current name. Suphan Buri was a border city, and the site of several battles with the neighbouring Burmese.

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal shows the elephant battle between King Naresuan the Great and the crown prince of Burma in 1592, which took place in Suphan Buri.

The provincial tree is the ebony tree (Diospyros mollis), มะเกลือ.

Administrative divisionsEdit

The province is divided into 10 districts (amphoes). The districts are further subdivided into 110 communes (tambons) and 977 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Suphan Buri
  2. Doem Bang Nang Buat
  3. Dan Chang
  4. Bang Pla Ma
  5. Si Prachan
  1. Don Chedi
  2. Song Phi Nong
  3. Sam Chuk
  4. U Thong
  5. Nong Ya Sai

HealthEdit

Suphan Buri's main hospital is Chao Phraya Yommarat Hospital, operated by the Ministry of Public Health.

TransportationEdit

RailEdit

Suphan Buri is at the end of a 157 kilometres (98 mi) branch line of the State Railway of Thailand's Southern Line, officially terminating at Suphan Buri Railway Station. The branch meets the main line at Nong Pladuk Junction near Ban Pong.

RoadsEdit

Route 340 passes through Suphan Buri, leading north to Chai Nat and south to Bang Bua Thong. Route 321 leads west and then south to Nakhon Pathom. Route 329 leads east to Bang Pahan. Route 3195 leads north-east to Ang Thong.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Siam Society: Miscellaneous Articles Written for the JSS by His Late Highness Prince Damrong. The Siam Society, Bangkok, B.E. 2505 (1962). William J. Gedney, "A Possible Early Thai Route to the Sea", Journal of the Siam Society, Volume 76, 1988, pp.12-16.[1]
  2. ^ Manit Vallibhotama, "Muang U-Thong", Muang Boran Journal, Volume 14, no.1, January–March 1988, pp.29-44. Warunee Osatharom, Muang Suphan Through Changing Periods, Bangkok, Thammasat University Press, 2004).

External linksEdit