Khiri Rat Nikhom District

Khiri Rat Nikhom (Thai: คีรีรัฐนิคม, pronounced [kʰīː.rīː rát ní(ʔ).kʰōm]) is a district (amphoe) in western Surat Thani Province, southern Thailand.

Khiri Rat Nikhom
คีรีรัฐนิคม
District location in Surat Thani Province
District location in Surat Thani Province
Coordinates: 9°1′48″N 98°57′12″E / 9.03000°N 98.95333°E / 9.03000; 98.95333Coordinates: 9°1′48″N 98°57′12″E / 9.03000°N 98.95333°E / 9.03000; 98.95333
CountryThailand
ProvinceSurat Thani
SeatTha Khanon
Area
 • Total812.3 km2 (313.6 sq mi)
Population
 (2005)
 • Total39,957
 • Density49.2/km2 (127/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code84180
Geocode8408

GeographyEdit

The western part of the district is in the hills of the Phuket mountain range, while to the east the terrain is mostly flat. The main rivers are the Phum Duang and Yan Rivers.

A portion of the Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary occupies the district.

Neighboring districts are (from north clockwise): Vibhavadi, Phunphin District, Khian Sa, Phanom, and Ban Ta Khun.

HistoryEdit

The town was first mentioned during the reign of King Mongkut (Rama IV), when it was a minor mueang under Takua Pa and part of the Nakhon Si Thammarat Kingdom. During the thesaphiban administrative reforms in the 1890s it became a district in Chaiya Province, present day Surat Thani.

In 1917 the district was renamed Tha Khanon (ท่าขนอน), as the district office was in that area.[1] On 12 April 1961 the name was changed back to its historical name.[2]

TransportEdit

Khiri Rat Nikhom is the endpoint of a branch of the southern railway, originally planned to run to Phuket, but construction was halted in 1956.

AdministrationEdit

The district is divided into eight sub-districts (tambons), which are further subdivided into 84 villages (mubans). Tha Khanon has sub-district municipality (thesaban tambon) status and covers parts of tambon Tha Khanon. Each of the eight tambons is administered by a tambon administrative organization (TAO).

No. Name Thai name Villages Pop.
1. Tha Khanon ท่าขนอน 15 7,308
2. Ban Yang บ้านยาง 11 3,717
3. Nam Hak น้ำหัก 10 3,930
6. Kapao กะเปา 10 3,498
7. Tha Kradan ท่ากระดาน 9 3,027
8. Yan Yao ย่านยาว 10 4,402
9. Tham Singkhon ถ้ำสิงขร 10 4,415
10. Ban Thamniap บ้านทำเนียบ 9 9,660
 

The missing numbers 4 and 5 are tambons which were split off to form Vibhavadi District.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เปลี่ยนชื่ออำเภอ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 34 (ก): 40–68. 29 Apr 1917.
  2. ^ พระราชกฤษฎีกาเปลี่ยนชื่ออำเภอและตำบลบางแห่ง พ.ศ. ๒๕๐๔ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 78 (33 ก): 382–. 11 Apr 1961.

External linksEdit