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Nakhon Sawan (Thai: นครสวรรค์, pronounced [ná(ʔ).kʰɔ̄ːn sā.wǎn]) is one of the provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Kamphaeng Phet, Phichit, Phetchabun, Lopburi, Sing Buri, Chai Nat, Uthai Thani, and Tak.

Nakhon Sawan

Flag of Nakhon Sawan
Official seal of Nakhon Sawan
Map of Thailand highlighting Nakhon Sawan Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Nakhon Sawan Province
CapitalNakhon Sawan city
 • GovernorAdthaporn Singhawichai (since October 2018)
 • Total9,598 km2 (3,706 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 20th
 • Total1,065,334[1]
 • RankRanked 20th
 • Density rankRanked 46th
Human Achievement Index[2]
 • HAI (2014)0.6070 "somewhat low"
Ranked 52nd
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
ISO 3166 codeTH-60


The word nakhon originates from the Sanskrit word nagara meaning 'city', and the word sawan from Sanskrit svarga meaning 'heaven'. Hence the name of the province literally means 'city of heaven' or 'heavenly city'.


Nakhon Sawan Province was a city since Dvaravati era. While part of the Sukhothai Kingdom, it was called Mueang Phra Bang, the southern frontier city of Sukhothai. Later within the Ayutthaya kingdom it was an important trade center because of its location at the two major rivers from the north. It also was the common meeting point of Burmese troops before moving to attack Ayutthaya. In the reign of King Taksin the Great, Phra Bang became a Siamese military base to prevent further Burmese attacks.

When King Mongkut signed the Bowring Treaty with Britain the glorious time of Nakhon Sawan began, as it became the main rice and teak trading centre. However the opening of the northern railway in 1922, the economic crisis before 1932 revolution, and finally the opening of Dejativongse bridge and Phahonyothin highway in 1950 each decreased the importance of water transportation and thus made Nakhon Sawan less important.

When in 1895 King Chulalongkorn established the monthon as part of the Thesaphiban administrative reform, Nakhon Sawan became capital city of Monthon Nakhon Sawan.

The 4th Infantry Regiment of the 3rd Area Army is based in Nakhon Sawan. It is responsible for defending the northwestern border with Burma, from Mae Hong Son in the north to Kanchanaburi in the south.[3]


The Ping and Nan rivers merge near the city of Nakhon Sawan to form the Chao Phraya River. The Mae Wong National Park on the border with Khamphaeng Phet province was created in 1987 to preserve the Mae Wong-Mae Poen jungle.

Bueng Boraphet is the largest freshwater wetland in Thailand, in total covering 212 km2. The swamp is directly east of the town Nakhon Sawan and extends into the districts Tha Tako and Chum Saeng. During the winter months many waterfowl migrate there. Parts of the swamp, covering 106 km2, are protected as a non-hunting area.[4]


The provincial seal shows a Wiman, a mythological heavenly castle. This relates to the name of the province which translates to 'Heavenly City'.

The provincial tree as well as the flower is Lagerstroemia loudonii (Loudon's crape myrtle).

Administrative divisionsEdit

The province is divided in 15 districts (amphoe). These are further subdivided into 130 sub-districts (tambon) and 1,328 villages (muban).

    Human achievement index 2014Edit

    Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development.[2]
    Nakhon Sawan province, with a HAI value of 0.6160, takes 52nd place in the rankings. This is "somewhat low" between the values of 0.6070 and 0.6209.

    Index for the province Nakhon Sawan[2]
    HAI indices Indicators Rank list
    Health 7 16th
    Education 4 48th
    Employment 4 59th
    Income 4 35th
    Housing and living environment 5 37th
    Family and community life 6 37th
    Transport and communication 6 49th
    Participation 4 62nd



    Nakhon Sawan lies on Route 1 (Phahonyothin Road), which runs from Bangkok through Ayutthaya and Saraburi before passing through Nakhon Sawan, then continues through Kamphaeng Phet, Lampang, and Chiang Rai until it reaches the border with Burma at Mae Sai. Route 117 leads north to Phitsanulok, and Route 225 leads east to Chaiyaphum.


    Nakhon Sawan has a station, Nakhon Sawan Railway Station, on the Northern Line of the State Railway of Thailand. The station is on the east side of the river, opposite the main city on the west side.


    Nakhon Sawan is served by Nakhon Sawan Airport.[5]


    Sawanpracharak Hospital is the main hospital of the province.


    1. ^ "Population in Thailand as of 31 December 2017" (PDF). Government Gazette. Ratchakitcha Society. 135: 22–25. 2018-02-28. Retrieved 2018-09-30.
    2. ^ a b c Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community (Report). United Nations Development Programme. pp. 93–166. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
    3. ^ กรมทหารราบที่ 4, ภารกิจ Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine
    4. ^
    5. ^ "Nakhon Sawan Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 4 February 2013.

    External linksEdit