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Nakhon Si Thammarat (Thai: นครศรีธรรมราช pronounced [ná(ʔ).kʰɔ̄ːn sǐː tʰām.mā.râːt̚], Southern Thai: นครศรีธรรมราช pronounced [nak̚.kʰɔːn siː tʰam.ma.raːt̚]; often shortened to Nakhon), is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, on the western shore of the Gulf of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from south clockwise) Songkhla, Phatthalung, Trang, Krabi, and Surat Thani.[1]

Nakhon Si Thammarat

นครศรีธรรมราช
Wat Phra Mahathat
Flag of Nakhon Si Thammarat
Flag
Official seal of Nakhon Si Thammarat
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Nakhon Si Thammarat Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Nakhon Si Thammarat Province
Coordinates: 8°25′7″N 99°57′49″E / 8.41861°N 99.96361°E / 8.41861; 99.96361Coordinates: 8°25′7″N 99°57′49″E / 8.41861°N 99.96361°E / 8.41861; 99.96361
CountryThailand
CapitalNakhon Si Thammarat
Government
 • GovernorChamroen Thipphayaphongthada (since October 2016)
Area
 • Total9,942.5 km2 (3,838.8 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 18th
Population
 (2015)
 • Total1,534,887
 • RankRanked 8th
 • Density150/km2 (400/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 26th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
ISO 3166 codeTH-80
Websitehttp://www.nakhonsithammarat.go.th

The name of the province derives from its PaliSanskrit name Nagara Sri Dhammaraja ('City of the Sacred Dharma King'), which in Thai pronunciation becomes "Nakhon Si Thammarat".

As of 2015, the population of the province was 1,534,887 persons.[2]

GeographyEdit

The province is on the Gulf of Thailand on the east side of the Malay Peninsula. The terrain is mostly rugged hilly forest. The province is home to south Thailand's highest peak, Khao Luang, at 1,835 metres (6,000 ft), now protected in Khao Luang National Park.[3]

 
Nakhon Si Thammarat City Pillar Shrine

EnvironmentEdit

Forested peat swamp forests cover more than 9,900 hectares on the borders of Nakhon Si Thammarat, Phatthalung, and Songkhla Provinces. About 800 hectares of the peat swamp were destroyed by 88 fires in the first half of 2019. The Royal Forest Department says that most of the fires in the Khuan Khreng peat swamp forest were man-made. Criminals clear the forest for the illegal expansion of rubber and oil palm plantations. Honey collectors and fishermen were also complicit as they burn grass to catch fish or to collect wild honey. Khuan Khreng peat swamp was hit by drought in what is normally the rainy season making it susceptible to arson. The forest is surrounded by oil palm plantations and surface water in the forest has been drained out to feed the plantations.[4]

The province is home to Khao Luang National Park and Hat Khanom–Mu Ko Thale Tai National Park.

EconomyEdit

Tourism has become a first-tier tourist province, as defined by the central government, joining 22 other first-tier provinces. In 2019, it is projected to receive four million tourists—80% of them domestic—largely attracted by religious sites. They contributed more than 11 billion baht to the provincial economy. The Airports Department plans to expand Nakhon Si Thammarat airport runways and terminal by 2022 to deal with an anticipated increase in international flights to support foreign visitor arrivals. The province has 320 hotels with 8,800 rooms, up from 310 hotels and 7,000 rooms in 2018.[5]

SymbolsEdit

The provincial seal shows the Phra Baromathat chedi of Wat Phra Mahathat Voramahavihan, one of the most important historical sites in southern Thailand. According to the city chronicle it was already built in 311, but archaeology dates it to the 13th century. The chedi was built by the ruler of Malay Buddha Kingdom of Tambralinga, named Chandrabhanu Sridhamaraja of The Patama Vamsa (Lotus Dynasty). The chedi is surrounded by the animals of the Chinese zodiac in the seal. The twelve animals represent the twelve Naksat cities or city-states which were tributary to the Nakhon Si Thammarat kingdom: the Rat of Saiburi; the Ox of Pattani; the Tiger of Kelantan; the Rabbit of Pahang (actually a city in Pahang which is said to be submerged by a lake now); the Dragon of Kedah; the Snake of Phatthalung; the Horse of Trang; the Goat of Chumphon; the Monkey of Bantaysamer (might be Chaiya, or a town in Krabi Province); the Rooster of Sa-ulau (unidentified city, might be Songkhla, Kanchanadit or Pla Tha); the Dog of Takua Pa and a Pig of Kraburi.[6]

The provincial flower is the Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistula), and the provincial tree is Millettia atropurpurea.[7]

The provincial slogan is เมืองประวัติศาสตร์ พระธาตุทองคำ ชื่นฉ่ำธรรมชาติ แร่ธาตุอุดม เครื่องถมสามกษัตริย์ มากวัดมากศิลป์ ครบสิ้นกุ้งปู, which translates to "A historical town, the golden Phra That, plentiful minerals, three-metal nielloware, numerous temples, abundant shellfish."[7]

Administrative divisionsEdit

TransportEdit

Nakhon Si Thammarat is served by Nakhon Si Thammarat Airport and the Nakhon Si Thammarat Railway Station.

EducationEdit

UniversitiesEdit

Public universitiesEdit

Vocational collegesEdit

Public vocational collegesEdit

  • Nakhon Si Thammarat Technical College
  • Thung Song Technical College
  • Sichon Technical College
  • Nakhon Si Thammarat Seaboard Industrial College
  • Nakhon Si Thammarat Polytechnic College
  • Nakhon Si Thammarat Vocational College
  • Nakhon Si Thammarat Arts and Crafts College
  • Nakhon Si Thammarat College of Agriculture and Technology
  • Nakhon Si Thammarat Industrial and Community Education College
  • Hua Sai Industrial and Community Education College
  • Phrom Khiri Industrial and Community Education College
  • Nakhon Si Thammarat Colleges of Dramatic Arts
  • Nakhon Si Thammarat College of Fine Arts

Private vocational collegesEdit

  • Innovation Technological College
  • Jaruspichakorn College of Technology
  • Satapat Nakhon Technological College
  • Thurakit Bundit Technological College
  • Nakhon Commercial Vocational College
  • Prateesasana Business Administration College
  • Thaksin Vocational Technological College
  • Pakphanang Vocational College
  • Southern Technological College
  • Thungsong Commercial College
  • Charoenmit Commercial Technological College
  • Sichon Commercial Technological College
  • Virasinpin Vocational College
  • Sakdisilpin Commercial School

SportsEdit

FootballEdit

Men's Football Club
Team Leagues Level Years Region Position
Nakhon Si Thammarat Regional League Division 2 Level 3 2009 Southern 3rd
2010 Southern 11th
2011 Southern 13th
2012 Southern 7th
Nakhon Si Heritage Regional League Division 2 Level 3 2013 Southern 9th
2014 Southern 12th
2015 Southern 9th
2016 Southern 12th
Thai Football Amateur Tournament Level 5 2018 Upper Southern
Muangkhon United Thai Football Division 3 Level 4 2016 Southern 4th
Thai Football Amateur Tournament Level 5 2017 Upper Southern 2th
2018 Upper Southern
Nakhon Si Thammarat Unity Thai League 3 Level 3 2017 Lower 8th
Nakhon Si United Thai League 3 Level 3 2018 Lower
Women's Football Club
Team Leagues Level Years Region Position
Thung Song City Thai Women's Division 1 League Level 2 2011 Thailand 5th
Nakhon Si Thammarat Thai Women's Division 1 League Level 2 2013 Thailand 2nd
Nakhon Si Lady SS Thai Women's League Level 1 2017 Thailand 6th
Youth Football Club
Team Leagues Level Years Region Position
Nakhon Si Heritage U13 Thailand Youth League Level 1 2016–17 Southern 4th
2017–18 Southern 3rd
Nakhon Si Thammarat U13 Thailand Youth League Level 1 2017–18 Southern 8th
Nakhon Si Heritage U17 Thailand Youth League Level 1 2016–17 Southern 2nd
Nakhon Si Thammarat Unity U19 Thailand Youth League Level 1 2017–18 Southern 4th

Volleyball clubsEdit

Men's Volleyball Club
Team Leagues Level Years Region Position
Supreme Nakhon Si Thammarat Men's Volleyball Thailand League Level 1 2010–11 Thailand 8th
Women's Volleyball Club
Team Leagues Level Years Region Position
Supreme Nakhon Si Thammarat Women's Volleyball Thailand League Level 1 2010–11 Thailand 5th
2011–12 Thailand 2nd
2012–13 Thailand 5th

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "About Nakhon Si Thammarat". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  2. ^ Yanwaree, Surachet; Salam, P. Abdul; Cheevitsopon, Ekkapong (2015). "ASSESSMENT OF ENERGY POTENTIAL OF AGRICULTURAL WASTES IN NAKHON SI THAMMARAT PROVINCE" (PDF). Proceedings, Thai Society of Agricultural Engineering (TSAE): 133. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Khao Luang National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
  4. ^ "More firefighters sent to Khuan Khreng swamp fire in Nakhon Si Thammarat". Thai PBS World. 1 August 2019. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  5. ^ Worrachaddejchai, Dusida (23 September 2019). "New province joins 1st-tier tourism ranks". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  6. ^ "Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Provincial Escutcheon". Thailex. Retrieved 26 May 2015.[failed verification]
  7. ^ a b "จังหวัดนครศรีธรรมราช". Nakhon Si Thammarat Provincial Administration (in Thai). Archived from the original on 2004-08-24. Retrieved 2015-07-31.
  8. ^ "Walailak University International College". Walailak University International College. Retrieved 21 June 2019.

External linksEdit