Nakhon Si Thammarat Province
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Nakhon Si Thammarat (Thai: นครศรีธรรมราช pronounced [ná(ʔ).kʰɔ̄ːn sǐː tʰām.mā.râːt̚], Southern Thai: นครศรีธรรมราช pronounced [nak̚.kʰɔːn siː tʰam.ma.raːt̚]; often shortened to Nakhon), is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, on the western shore of the Gulf of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from south clockwise) Songkhla, Phatthalung, Trang, Krabi, and Surat Thani.
Nakhon Si Thammarat
Map of Thailand highlighting Nakhon Si Thammarat Province
|Capital||Nakhon Si Thammarat|
|• Governor||Chamroen Thipphayaphongthada (since October 2016)|
|• Total||9,942.5 km2 (3,838.8 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 18th|
|• Rank||Ranked 8th|
|• Density||150/km2 (400/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||Ranked 26th|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-80|
- 1 Geography
- 2 Environment
- 3 Economy
- 4 Symbols
- 5 Administrative divisions
- 6 Transport
- 7 Education
- 8 Sports
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The province is on the Gulf of Thailand on the east side of the Malay Peninsula. The terrain is mostly rugged hilly forest. The province is home to south Thailand's highest peak, Khao Luang, at 1,835 metres (6,000 ft), now protected in Khao Luang National Park.
Forested peat swamp forests cover more than 9,900 hectares on the borders of Nakhon Si Thammarat, Phatthalung, and Songkhla Provinces. About 800 hectares of the peat swamp were destroyed by 88 fires in the first half of 2019. The Royal Forest Department says that most of the fires in the Khuan Khreng peat swamp forest were man-made. Criminals clear the forest for the illegal expansion of rubber and oil palm plantations. Honey collectors and fishermen were also complicit as they burn grass to catch fish or to collect wild honey. Khuan Khreng peat swamp was hit by drought in what is normally the rainy season making it susceptible to arson. The forest is surrounded by oil palm plantations and surface water in the forest has been drained out to feed the plantations.
Tourism has become a first-tier tourist province, as defined by the central government, joining 22 other first-tier provinces. In 2019, it is projected to receive four million tourists—80% of them domestic—largely attracted by religious sites. They contributed more than 11 billion baht to the provincial economy. The Airports Department plans to expand Nakhon Si Thammarat airport runways and terminal by 2022 to deal with an anticipated increase in international flights to support foreign visitor arrivals. The province has 320 hotels with 8,800 rooms, up from 310 hotels and 7,000 rooms in 2018.
The provincial seal shows the Phra Baromathat chedi of Wat Phra Mahathat Voramahavihan, one of the most important historical sites in southern Thailand. According to the city chronicle it was already built in 311, but archaeology dates it to the 13th century. The chedi was built by the ruler of Malay Buddha Kingdom of Tambralinga, named Chandrabhanu Sridhamaraja of The Patama Vamsa (Lotus Dynasty). The chedi is surrounded by the animals of the Chinese zodiac in the seal. The twelve animals represent the twelve Naksat cities or city-states which were tributary to the Nakhon Si Thammarat kingdom: the Rat of Saiburi; the Ox of Pattani; the Tiger of Kelantan; the Rabbit of Pahang (actually a city in Pahang which is said to be submerged by a lake now); the Dragon of Kedah; the Snake of Phatthalung; the Horse of Trang; the Goat of Chumphon; the Monkey of Bantaysamer (might be Chaiya, or a town in Krabi Province); the Rooster of Sa-ulau (unidentified city, might be Songkhla, Kanchanadit or Pla Tha); the Dog of Takua Pa and a Pig of Kraburi.
The provincial slogan is เมืองประวัติศาสตร์ พระธาตุทองคำ ชื่นฉ่ำธรรมชาติ แร่ธาตุอุดม เครื่องถมสามกษัตริย์ มากวัดมากศิลป์ ครบสิ้นกุ้งปู, which translates to "A historical town, the golden Phra That, plentiful minerals, three-metal nielloware, numerous temples, abundant shellfish."
- Walailak University
- Nakhon Si Thammarat Rajabhat University
- Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya
- College of Industrial Technology and Management
- Nakhon Si Thammarat Saiyai Campus
- Nakhon Si Thammarat Thungyai Campus
- Thaksin University
- Management for Development College, Nakhon Si Thammarat Education Center
- Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University, Nakhon Si Thammarat Campus
- Mahamakut Buddhist University, Sithammasokkarat Campus
- Ramkhamhaeng University, Nakhon Si Thammarat Regional Campus in Honour of His Majesty the King
- Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University, Nakhon Si Thammarat Regional Distance Education Center
- Boromarajonani College of Nursing Nakhon Si Thammarat
Public vocational collegesEdit
- Nakhon Si Thammarat Technical College
- Thung Song Technical College
- Sichon Technical College
- Nakhon Si Thammarat Seaboard Industrial College
- Nakhon Si Thammarat Polytechnic College
- Nakhon Si Thammarat Vocational College
- Nakhon Si Thammarat Arts and Crafts College
- Nakhon Si Thammarat College of Agriculture and Technology
- Nakhon Si Thammarat Industrial and Community Education College
- Hua Sai Industrial and Community Education College
- Phrom Khiri Industrial and Community Education College
- Nakhon Si Thammarat Colleges of Dramatic Arts
- Nakhon Si Thammarat College of Fine Arts
Private vocational collegesEdit
- Innovation Technological College
- Jaruspichakorn College of Technology
- Satapat Nakhon Technological College
- Thurakit Bundit Technological College
- Nakhon Commercial Vocational College
- Prateesasana Business Administration College
- Thaksin Vocational Technological College
- Pakphanang Vocational College
- Southern Technological College
- Thungsong Commercial College
- Charoenmit Commercial Technological College
- Sichon Commercial Technological College
- Virasinpin Vocational College
- Sakdisilpin Commercial School
|Men's Volleyball Club|
|Supreme Nakhon Si Thammarat||Men's Volleyball Thailand League||Level 1||2010–11||Thailand||8th|
|Women's Volleyball Club|
|Supreme Nakhon Si Thammarat||Women's Volleyball Thailand League||Level 1||2010–11||Thailand||5th|
- "About Nakhon Si Thammarat". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 2 August 2019.
- Yanwaree, Surachet; Salam, P. Abdul; Cheevitsopon, Ekkapong (2015). "ASSESSMENT OF ENERGY POTENTIAL OF AGRICULTURAL WASTES IN NAKHON SI THAMMARAT PROVINCE" (PDF). Proceedings, Thai Society of Agricultural Engineering (TSAE): 133. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
- "Khao Luang National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
- "More firefighters sent to Khuan Khreng swamp fire in Nakhon Si Thammarat". Thai PBS World. 1 August 2019. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
- Worrachaddejchai, Dusida (23 September 2019). "New province joins 1st-tier tourism ranks". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
- "Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Provincial Escutcheon". Thailex. Retrieved 26 May 2015.[failed verification]
- "จังหวัดนครศรีธรรมราช". Nakhon Si Thammarat Provincial Administration (in Thai). Archived from the original on 2004-08-24. Retrieved 2015-07-31.
- "Walailak University International College". Walailak University International College. Retrieved 21 June 2019.