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Phetchaburi (Thai: เพชรบุรี, pronounced [pʰét.t͡ɕʰā.bū.rīː]) or Phet Buri (pronounced [pʰét bū.rīː]) is a town (thesaban mueang) in southern Thailand, capital of Phetchaburi Province. In Thai, Phetchaburi means "city of diamonds" (buri meaning "city" in sanskrit). It is approximately 160 km south of Bangkok, at the northern end of the Thai peninsula. As of 2005, the town had a population of 26,181 and covers the two tambon Tha Rap and Khlong Krachaeng.[1]

Phetchaburi

เพชรบุรี
Town
Picture taken from atop Khao Wang, in the palace compound, looking down on Phetchaburi
Picture taken from atop Khao Wang, in the palace compound, looking down on Phetchaburi
Location in Phetchaburi Province
CountryThailand
ProvincePhetchaburi Province
Area
 • Total5.4 km2 (2.1 sq mi)
Population
(2005)
 • Total26,181
 • Density4,800/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)

The Phetchaburi River runs through the middle of the city. The region is mostly flat, save for a single hill (called Khao Wang) on the outskirts of town. The royal palace named Phra Nakhon Khiri and one of the many wats are on top of Khao Wang. The hill and town is the site of an annual festival, called the Phra Nakhon Khiri Fair. It lasts for eight days in early February and includes a sound and light show and classical Thai dance.

The official city flower is the leelowadee flower or frangipani.

Phetchaburi is known for its traditional Thai desserts. The most well-known is a custard dessert called khanom mor gaeng. Other popular desserts include Portuguese-influenced thong yip, thong yod, and foi thong.

Contents

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Phetchaburi (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.0
(95)
35.2
(95.4)
36.6
(97.9)
37.8
(100)
38.5
(101.3)
37.2
(99)
38.1
(100.6)
37.5
(99.5)
37.5
(99.5)
35.7
(96.3)
35.7
(96.3)
35.1
(95.2)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F) 30.4
(86.7)
31.1
(88)
32.1
(89.8)
33.3
(91.9)
33.4
(92.1)
32.9
(91.2)
32.6
(90.7)
32.6
(90.7)
32.2
(90)
31.5
(88.7)
31.1
(88)
30.5
(86.9)
32.0
(89.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.8
(78.4)
27.2
(81)
28.5
(83.3)
29.7
(85.5)
29.4
(84.9)
29.0
(84.2)
28.7
(83.7)
28.6
(83.5)
28.2
(82.8)
27.7
(81.9)
26.9
(80.4)
25.4
(77.7)
27.9
(82.2)
Average low °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
23.1
(73.6)
24.8
(76.6)
25.8
(78.4)
26.0
(78.8)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
25.6
(78.1)
25.1
(77.2)
24.6
(76.3)
23.3
(73.9)
21.0
(69.8)
24.3
(75.7)
Record low °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
16.0
(60.8)
16.0
(60.8)
21.8
(71.2)
23.0
(73.4)
22.9
(73.2)
21.0
(69.8)
23.0
(73.4)
21.6
(70.9)
18.5
(65.3)
15.6
(60.1)
12.4
(54.3)
12.4
(54.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11.4
(0.45)
3.9
(0.15)
33.1
(1.3)
36.9
(1.45)
99.5
(3.92)
92.0
(3.62)
80.8
(3.18)
92.3
(3.63)
153.6
(6.05)
278.4
(10.96)
93.8
(3.69)
11.6
(0.46)
987.3
(38.87)
Average rainy days 1.1 1.1 2.7 3.9 11.1 12.9 14.1 15.5 16.5 16.9 6.4 1.4 103.6
Average relative humidity (%) 74 77 77 76 76 76 76 76 80 82 77 72 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 229.4 211.9 238.7 204.0 155.0 114.0 117.8 58.9 108.0 108.5 171.0 226.3 1,943.5
Mean daily sunshine hours 7.4 7.5 7.7 6.8 5.0 3.8 3.8 1.9 3.6 3.5 5.7 7.3 5.3
Source #1: Thai Meteorological Department[2]
Source #2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[3]

EducationEdit

Phetchaburi has numerous private and public schools from K-12. Several have English programs taught by native English speakers to ready students for higher education. Some of the schools are Benchamatheputhit School, Prommanusorn School, Benjamaputit Mattayom School, Wat Don Kaitia Prathom School, and Arunpradit Prathom/Mattayom School. There are also several universities, including Phetchaburi Ratchabat University.

TransportationEdit

In the city proper, the primary mode of transportation is by motor vehicle with motorbikes being the most popular. Cars are the second major form of transportation. Locals also travel by hired motorcycles and songthaews.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Department of provincial administration Archived August 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 21–22. Retrieved 6 August 2016.
  3. ^ "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 83. Retrieved 6 August 2016.

External linksEdit