500 Series Shinkansen
The 500 series (500系, 500-kei) is a Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and San'yō Shinkansen lines in Japan since 1997. They were designed to be capable of 320 km/h (200 mph) but operated at 300 km/h (185 mph), until they were finally retired from the primary Nozomi service in 2010. The trainsets were then refurbished and downgraded to the all-stations Kodama service between Shin-Ōsaka and Hakata.
A 16-car 500 series set on a Nozomi service in May 2008
|Manufacturer||Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries Rolling Stock Company, Kinki Sharyo, Nippon Sharyo|
|Number built||144 vehicles (9 sets)|
|Number in service||64 vehicles (8 sets)|
|Number preserved||2 vehicle|
|Number scrapped||78 vehicles|
|Formation||8 (originally 16) cars per trainset|
|Capacity||16-car W set: 1,324 (200 Green + 1,124 Standard)|
8-car V set: 608
|Line(s) served||Sanyo Shinkansen, Hakata-Minami Line|
|Car body construction||Aluminium alloy, Honeycomb structure|
|Car length||25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in) (intermediate cars), 27,000 mm (88 ft 7 in) (end cars)|
|Width||3,380 mm (11 ft 1 in)|
|Height||3,690 mm (12 ft 1 in)|
|Doors||Two plug doors per side (intermediate cars)|
One plug door per side (end cars)
|Maximum speed||W set: 300 km/h (186 mph) (Sanyō)|
V set: 285 km/h (177 mph)
Design speed: 320 km/h (199 mph)
|Traction system||(AC) WMT204 64 x 285 kW (382 hp) (set W1)/275 kW (369 hp) (set W2 onward)|
|Power output||18.24 MW (24,460 hp) (set W1), 17.60 MW (23,600 hp) (set W2 onward)|
|Acceleration||1.6 km/h/s (0.44 m·s−2) |
1.92 km/h/s (0.53 m·s−2) (High acceleration mode)
|Deceleration||2.7 km/h/s (0.75 m·s−2)|
|Electric system(s)||25 kV AC, 60 Hz overhead catenary|
|Current collection method||W set: "T"-style current collector|
V set: Pantograph
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The general design concept was overseen by German industrial designer Alexander Neumeister. The running gear utilizes computer-controlled active suspension for a smoother, safer ride, and yaw dampers are fitted between cars for improved stability. All sixteen cars in each original trainset were powered, giving a maximum of 18.24 MW (24,460 hp). Each train cost an estimated 5 billion yen, and only nine were built. It used biomimicry to reduce energy consumption by 15% , increase speeds by 10% and noise levels while increasing passenger comfort. This was done by making the train's front have the shape of a kingfisher's beak.
6-car 500-900 WIN350 setEdit
This is a prototype for a Series 500.
16-car W setsEdit
First announced by JR-West in September 1994, the first set was delivered for testing in 1995, entering passenger service in March 1997. The entire fleet of nine sets was delivered by 1998. It was the first Shinkansen train in Japan to operate at a maximum speed of 300 km/h (185 mph) in regular passenger service. Besides the premium Nozomi services, 16-car trains were also used on Hikari Rail Star services during the busy holiday periods.
With the steady increase in the number of N700 Series Shinkansen since 2007, the 500 series were gradually retired from the Nozomi services. The last 500 series Nozomi run took place on 28 February 2010.
Cars 8 to 10 were "Green" (first class) cars. Cars 5 and 13 each had one "T"-style current collector.
8-car V sets (500-7000 series)Edit
Eight of the original nine 500 series sets were modified and shortened to eight cars between 2008 and 2010, and were cascaded to Sanyo Shinkansen Kodama workings, replacing the earlier 0 series sets. The first reformed eight-car set was unveiled to the press on 28 March 2008, and the trains entered service on twelve daily Kodama runs from 1 December 2008.
The maximum operating speed of these trains has been reduced to 285 km/h (177 mph).
|Formerly||521 (car 1)||526 (car 2)||527 (car 3)||528 (car 4)||525 (car 13)||516 (car 10)||527-700 (car 11)||522 (car 16)|
Cars 2 and 7 each have one single-arm pantograph.
Passenger accommodation consists of 3+2 abreast unidirectional seating, with 2+2 abreast seating in car 6 (former Green car). Between October and December 2013, cars 4 and 5 are also scheduled to have the original seating removed and replaced with new 2+2 abreast seating, the same as used in the Hikari Rail Star 700 series trainsets.
Since 7 November 2015, set V2 runs in a special "500 Type Eva" livery as part of the "Shinkansen:Evangelion Project" tie-up project to mark the 40th anniversary of the Sanyo Shinkansen and the 20th anniversary of Neon Genesis Evangelion. Initially planned to operate until March 2017, this livery was extended until 13 May 2018. From 24 February until 7 May 2018, the 500 series car preserved at the Kyoto Railway Museum will be exhibited in the "500 Type Eva" livery.
Car 521-1, formerly the end car of set W1, is preserved at the Kyoto Railway Museum, which opened in April 2016. This car was exhibited in the "500 Type Eva" livery between 24 February and 7 May 2018. Car 522-1, formerly the end car of set W1, is preserved at the Hitachi Kasado factory in Kudamatsu, Yamaguchi, in Autumn 2015.
- Railway Journal. Japan: 46. May 2008.CS1 maint: untitled periodical (link)
- Railway Journal: 36. September 2007.CS1 maint: untitled periodical (link)
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