The Gemeentelijk Vervoerbedrijf (GVB; English: Municipal Transport Company) is the municipal public transport operator for Amsterdam, the capital city of the Netherlands, operating metro, tram, bus and ferry services in the Amsterdam metropolitan area since 2012.
|Owner||Municipality of Amsterdam|
|Area served||Amsterdam Urban Region|
|Transit type||Tram, metro, ferry and bus|
|Annual ridership||234 million|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The forerunner of the GVB, the Gemeentetram Amsterdam (GTA) (Amsterdam Municipal Tramway), was established in 1900 by the city after it acquired a private tram company (AOM). In 1925, it introduced its first bus line. In 1943, the GVB acquired its current form when Gemeentetram merged with Gemeenteveren Amsterdam (established in 1897), the municipal ferry company, and got its name Gemeentelijk Vervoerbedrijf (municipal transport company). In 1977, it introduced its first metro line. In 1990, it introduced its first light rail line. In 2007 GVB was privatised and hence the full name was abolished.
The GVB operates a number of public transportation networks in and around the city of Amsterdam, including:
- 5 metro lines, partly elevated, no level crossings.
- 14 tram routes, on street, partly mixed with all other traffic, partly on lanes shared with buses and taxis, and partly on separate lanes.
- 46 bus routes; buses often mix with other traffic, but sometimes on lanes shared with trams and taxis, or for buses only.
- 10 ferries across the IJ; at least one is frequent, operating 24 hours a day, free of charge.
In addition, a new metro line, the North/South line was opened on July 21, 2018.
Since 2006 the responsible local authority for all public transport in the greater Amsterdam area is the City Region of Amsterdam / Stadsregio Amsterdam. In 2010 the SRA prolonged the concession (contract) of the GVB for the period 2012–2017. In accordance with the rules for public procurement in the European Union the SRA has to open a call for bids for the next period, which means that another company could be operating the public transport networks in Amsterdam after 2017.[contradictory]
- 50: Station Sloterdijk - Station Lelylaan - Station Zuid - Station Bijlmer ArenA - Gein
- 51: Station Sloterdijk - Station Lelylaan - Station Zuid - Amstelstation - Centraal Station
Former light rail routeEdit
Until 3 March 2019 Line 51 to Amstelveen was a metro service between Central Station and Station Zuid. At Station Zuid it switched from third rail to pantograph and catenary wires. From there to Amstelveen Centrum it shared its track with tram line 5. The light rail vehicles on this line are capable of using both 600 volt DC and 750 volt DC.
- 1: Amsterdam Muiderpoort - Vijzelgracht - Leidseplein - Station Lelylaan - Osdorp De Aker
- 2: Amsterdam Centraal - Leidsestraat - Hoofddorpplein - Nieuw Sloten
- 3: Zoutkeetsgracht - Ceintuurbaan - Muiderpoortstation - Flevopark
- 4: Amsterdam Centraal - Utrechtsestraat - Station RAI
- 5: Westerpark - Elandsgracht - Leidseplein - Museumplein - Station Zuid - Amstelveen Stadshart
- 7: Slotermeer - Leidseplein - Azartplein
- 11: Amsterdam Centraal - Leidsestraat - Surinameplein
- 12: Amsterdam Centraal - Leidseplein - Museumplein - Ceintuurbaan - Amstelstation
- 13: Amsterdam Centraal - Rozengracht - Geuzenveld
- 14: Amsterdam Centraal - Dam - Artis Zoo - Flevopark
- 17: Amsterdam Centraal - Rozengracht - Station Lelylaan - Osdorp Dijkgraafplein
- 19: Amsterdam Sloterdijk - Bos en Lommer - Elandsgracht - Leidseplein - Vijzelgracht - Diemen Sniep
- 24: Amsterdam Centraal - Rokin - Vijzelgracht - De Pijp - Ceintuurbaan - VU Medisch Centrum
- 26: Amsterdam Centraal - Piet Heintunnel - IJburg
Ferries crossings on the IJEdit
Ferry boat crossings on the NoordzeekanaalEdit
There are three ferry boats: Zaanstad (Hempont), Buitenhuizen (Buitenhuizerpont), and Velsen (Velserpont). The ferries run at least 3 times per hour, 24 hours per day, 7 day per week.
The Amsterdam public transport network falls under the National Tariff System of the Netherlands and the GVB has a few of its own tickets, notably the 24-, 48- and 72- hour tickets. The electronic OV-chipkaart has been the only ticketing system valid in the Amsterdam metro since the summer of 2009, and in the rest of the network (tram, bus) since June 2010. Most trams carry conductors, but as they no longer stamp passengers' strippenkaarten their role has been deskilled; it now consists in ensuring security along with selling the occasional OV-chipkaart and optionally announcing the stops.
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