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Jaipur Metro is a rapid transit system in the city of Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. Construction on the mostly elevated part of the first line, called Phase 1A, comprising 9.63 kilometres (5.98 mi) of route from Mansarovar to Chandpole Bazaar, started on 13 November 2010, and was completed in 2014. The project's commercial run was delayed to December 2014, and then to April 2015. After receiving safety clearance from Commissioner of Metro Rail Safety (CMRS) in May 2015, Jaipur Metro began commercial service between Chandpole and Mansarovar on 3 June 2015. The Jaipur Metro Rail system is India's sixth metro rail system after those in Kolkata, Delhi NCR, Bangalore, Gurgaon and Mumbai. Jaipur Metro is the first metro in India to run on triple-storey elevated road and metro track.
Jaipur Metro running on double-storey elevated track
|Native name||जयपुर मेट्रो|
|Owner||Jaipur Metro Rail Corporation Ltd.|
|Locale||Jaipur, Rajasthan, India|
|Transit type||Rapid Transit|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||9|
|Daily ridership||17,649(November 2017)|
|Chief executive||Nihal Chand Goel, Chairman & MD|
|Headquarters||Khanij Bhavan, C-Scheme, Jaipur|
|Began operation||3 June 2015|
|Operator(s)||Jaipur Metro Rail Corporation (JMRC)|
|Train length||4 coaches|
|Headway||10 minutes (peak)|
15 minutes (off-peak)
|System length||9.63 km (5.98 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||25kV AC, OHE|
|Average speed||32 km/h (20 mph)|
|Top speed||80 km/h (50 mph)|
With the rapid industrialization and commercial development of Jaipur, teamed with a growing population, the transport infrastructure of the city was found to be overburdened. As a result, the government mulled over establishment of Jaipur Metro on the lines of Delhi Metro which had proved to be a great success.
The Jaipur Metro Rail Corporation Ltd., abbreviated to JMRC, is a state-owned company that operates the Jaipur Metro. The Jaipur Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. was created on 1 January 2010 with Nihal Chand Goel serving as the managing director. Among the Rapid Transit systems of India, it has been recorded fastest to conduct of trial run after starting construction, when it commenced trial runs in Jaipur on 18 September 2013 flagged off by the then Chief Minister of Rajasthan Shri Ashok Gehlot.
The first line of the Jaipur Metro was opened to public by Vasundhara Raje, the Chief Minister of Rajasthan, on 3 June 2015, and thus, it became the sixth rapid transit system in India. The first phase of the project is expected to be completed in 2018.
The Jaipur Metro is being built in 2 phases. Phase I consists of the Pink Line and Phase II consists of the Orange Line. Currently, the Pink Line is under construction. The implementation of Phase 1A of the project (Mansarover to Chandpole having the length of about 9.63 km) including the civil works, permanent way, depot and traction and power supply, etc. was being managed by DMRC. The AFC, telecom and Chaupar to Chandpole). Phase I-A completed 9 stations and 9.63 kilometres (5.98 mi) of route length, of which 0.95 kilometres (0.59 mi) is underground and 9.13 kilometres (5.67 mi) is elevated.
The remainder of the first line, Phase I-B (2.349 kilometres (1.460 mi), 2 stations), is scheduled to be completed by 2018. Phase II (23.099 kilometres (14.353 mi), 20 stations) is planned to be completed by 2021. With the completion of Phases 1 and II, the network will span 35.078 kilometres (21.796 mi) and 31 stations.
As of June 2015[update], with the completion and the beginning of operations of Phase 1A, the Jaipur Metro network comprises one line, serving 9 metro stations and operating on a total route length of 9.63 kilometres (5.98 mi).
|Line||First operational||Last extension||Stations||Length
|Termini||Rolling stock||Track gauge
|Pink Line||3 Jun 2015||9||9.63||Mansarovar||Chandpole||10 trains||1435||25 kV OHE|
The first route of Jaipur Metro (East-West Corridor) will connect Mansarovar to Badi Chaupar via Civil Lines and Chandpole. In Phase I-A, the metro is operating between Mansarovar to Chandpole. The construction of Phase-I B between Chandpole and Badi Chaupar is under process and is awaited to be completed. This is the Metro line that got flagged off on 5 June 2015, and has been named as Pink Line, as it takes passengers to the Pink City. The depot for this line is situated at Mansarovar.
Jaipur Metro was planned to be built in phases. Phase-I A (9.63 km) was completed in 2014, and Phase-I B and Phase II are scheduled for completion in 2020 and 2021, respectively. Work on Phase-I B has been started while planning for Phase II has begun.
The Pink Line will be realized with the completion of Phase 1B (2.349 kilometres (1.460 mi), 2 stations), which is scheduled for completion in 2020. Construction has already begun on this. As of August 2017 the tunnel excavation work between Chandpole and Badi Chaipar is complete. Details of the approved line are:
|Terminals||No. of interchanges |
|Pink Line extension||2||2.349||Chandpole||Badi Chaupar||0|
Phase II (North-South Corridor) which is scheduled for completion in 2021. The Orange Line will be 23.099 kilometres (14.353 mi) and serve 20 stations when complete. This will connect Sitapura Industrial Area in the South to Ambabari in the North via Ajmeri Gate and MI Road. The tracks will be elevated between Sitapura and Ajmeri Gate and then will go underground. There might be some changes in plan before actual construction starts on these lines.
Estimated cost of the East-West corridor of the Jaipur Metro is ₹3,149 crore (US$460 million). The state government would be directly funding ₹600 crore (US$87 million) while the rest would be borne by other wings of state urban development and housing departments. The Phase-II is expected to cost ₹6,583 crore (US$950 million) crore for which government is mulling over PPP mode.
A concession for operation and maintenance of the Stage 1 and Stage 2 is to be let on PPP basis.
Trains operate at a frequency of 10 to 15 minutes between 6:45 and 21:00 depending peak and off-peak time. Trains operating within the network typically travel at speed up to 40 km/h (25 mph), and stop for about 20–40 seconds at each station. Automated station announcements are recorded in Hindi and English. Many stations have services such as Parking lot, ATMs and mobile recharge. Eating, drinking, smoking, and chewing of gum are prohibited in the entire system. The metro also has a sophisticated fire alarm system for advance warning in emergencies, and fire retardant material is used in trains as well as on the premises of stations. Navigation information will sooner be available on Google Transit. The first coach of every train is reserved for women.
The responsibility of security of Jaipur Metro has been entrusted to Rajasthan Police. A strength of 789 police personnel has been sanctioned for security and policing of Jaipur Metro. Latest security equipments have been provided at all Metro Stations. Closed-circuit cameras from IndigoVision are used to monitor trains and stations, and feed from these is monitored by Rajasthan Police and Jaipur Metro authorities at their respective control rooms. In addition metal detectors, X-ray baggage inspection systems, and dog squads are also deployed which are used to secure the system. Each of the underground stations has about 45 to 50 cameras installed while the elevated stations have about 16 to 20 cameras each. The monitoring of these cameras is done by the Rajasthan Police, which is in charge of security of the Metro, as well as the Jaipur Metro Rail Corporation. Intercoms are provided in each train car for emergency communication between the passengers and the train operator. Periodic security drills are carried out at stations and on trains to ensure preparedness of security agencies in emergency situations.
Ticketing & RechargeEdit
For the convenience of customers, Jaipur Metro commuters have three choices for ticket purchase. The RFID tokens are valid only for a single journey on the day of purchase and the value depends on the distance travelled, with fares for a single journey ranging from ₹5 (7.2¢ US) to ₹15 (22¢ US). Fares are calculated based on the origin and destination stations using a fare chart and it also depends on peak rush in Metro. Travel cards are available for longer durations and are most convenient for frequent commuters. They are valid for three years from the date of purchase or the date of last recharge, and are available in denominations of ₹100 (US$1.40) to ₹1,000 (US$14). 10%-15% discount is given on travels made on it depending on actual fare. A deposit of ₹50 (72¢ US) needs to be made to buy a new card which is refundable on the return of the card any time before its expiry if the card is not physically damaged. Tourist cards can be used for unlimited travel on the Jaipur Metro network over short periods of time. There are two kinds of tourist cards valid for one and three days respectively. The cost of a one-day card is ₹50 (72¢ US) and that of a three-day card is ₹150 (US$2.20), besides a refundable deposit of ₹50 (72¢ US) that must be paid at the time of purchasing the card. Jaipur Metro also has introduced a Combo Card. JMRC has already entered into a MoU with HDFC Bank and accordingly co-branded Combo Cards will be issued by HDFC Bank which will be used on Jaipur Metro system just like Daily Commuter Smart Cards issued by Jaipur Metro.
The Metro uses 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge rolling stock. Trains are maintained at Mansarovar Deport for Pink Line. In December 2011 BEML was awarded a ₹318 crore (US$46 million) contract to supply 10 four-car trains for Phase 1. The Jaipur Metro plans to lengthen the trains later to 6 coaches as the traffic increases. BEML expects a follow-on order worth ₹60 crore (US$8.7 million)
Thus these rolling stocks are said to be indigenous and are manufactured by BEML at its factory in Bangalore. The trains are four-car consists with a capacity of 1506 commuters per train, accommodating 50 seated and 292 standing passengers in each coach. These trains will have CCTV cameras in and outside the coaches, power supply connections inside coaches to charge mobiles and laptops, better humidity control, microprocessor-controlled disc brakes, and will be capable of maintaining an average speed of 32 km/h (20 mph) over a distance of 1.1 km (0.68 mi).
Trains on the metro operate at a maximum speed of 80 km/h (50 mph), and an average speed of 32 km/h (20 mph). Maximum speed is limited to 42 km/h (26 mph) at curves.
Signalling and TelecommunicationEdit
The Jaipur Metro uses cab signalling along with a centralised automatic train control system consisting of Automatic Train Protection and automatic train signalling modules. Jaipur Metro has proposed that it will have automatic train operation also in future. A 380 MHz digital trunked TETRA radio communication system from Cassidian is used on all lines to carry both voice and data information. An integrated system comprising optical fibre cable, on-train radio, CCTV, and a centralised clock and public address system is used for telecommunication during train operations as well as emergencies.
Environment and aestheticsEdit
A major advantage of metro is that it reduces per person carbon emission by a very significant amount.
Jaipur Metro has been decorated by the artwork of heritage wall of Jaipur inside and outside of the Metro. Metro stations also have the same kind of artwork.
On 10 March 2011, the Rajasthan High Court issued show cause notices to state authorities, JMRC, and JDA's land acquisition officer, on petition by some shop owners from Station Road, asking them to justify the Jaipur Metro Project, as petitioners alleged no proper survey was done before construction of the Pink Line began.
There were some accidents at the Metro project site, injuring laborers and passers-by, attracting criticism for lack of security measures. In one incident, an 18 feet wall collapsed killing two men. A case was registered against the firm DSC Limited which was involved in construction. There were reports of heightened fears among people that sub-letting of the work by the major contractors could be compromising the safety standards.
The Phase I-B of Jaipur Metro has recently come up with huge uproar because its construction can result in risks to some UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including Hawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar and Isarlat Swargasuli Tower. As per JMRC data, the stretch from Chandpole to Badi Chaupar, which lies in the Walled City of Jaipur, is just 2.349 km (1.460 mi) long. Construction on this section of the Pink Line would have costed ₹1,126 crore (US$160 million).
Phase I-B is also not in accordance with Jaipur's archaeological laws, which states that any kind of digging/tunneling work in the vicinity of heritage sites is not allowed. The Badi Chaupar and Choti Chaupar have already been removed for Metro work. According to the archaeological laws, whoever destroys, injures, mutilates, defaces, alters, removes, disperses, misuses, imperils or allows to fall into decay a protected monument, or removes from a protected monument any sculpture, carving image, bas-relief, inscription or other like object, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six months with a fine which may extend to five thousand rupees or with both.
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