List of chief ministers of Rajasthan

  (Redirected from Chief Minister of Rajasthan)

The Chief Minister of Rajasthan is the chief executive of the Indian state of Rajasthan. In accordance with the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Chief Minister of Rajasthan
Emblem Rajasthan.png
Ashok Gehlot 2012.jpg
Incumbent
Ashok Gehlot

since 17 December 2018
StyleThe Honourable (Formal)
Mr. Chief Minister (Informal)
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCM
Member ofRajasthan Legislative Assembly
Reports toGovernor of Rajasthan
SeatJaipur, Rajasthan
AppointerGovernor of Rajasthan
Term lengthAt the confidence of the assembly
Chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]
Inaugural holderHeera Lal Shastri
Formation7 April 1949
(72 years ago)
 (1949-04-07)

From 1949, 14 people have been Chief Minister of Rajasthan. Vasundhara Raje Scindia of the Bharatiya Janata Party is only female to serve as the chief minister of the state. After securing majority in 2018 assembly election, Ashok Gehlot of the Indian National Congress assumed office on 17 December 2018.

Chief Ministers of RajasthanEdit

 
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat, the first non-congress CM of Rajasthan went on to serve as the 11th Vice President of India
 
Vasundhara Raje was the first woman chief minister of the state.
No Name Constituency Portrait Tenure Assembly

(election)

Party[a]
1 Heera Lal Shastri 7 April 1949 5 January 1951 1 year, 273 days Indian National Congress
2 C. S. Venkatachari 6 January 1951 25 April 1951 109 days
3 Jai Narayan Vyas 26 April 1951 3 March 1952 312 days
4 Tika Ram Paliwal Mahuwa 3 March 1952 31 October 1952 242 days
(3) Jai Narayan Vyas [2] Kishangarh 1 November 1952 12 November 1954 2 years, 11 days (total 2 years, 323 days)
5 Mohan Lal Sukhadia Udaipur 13 November 1954 13 March 1967 12 years, 120 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 13 March 1967 26 April 1967
(5) Mohan Lal Sukhadia [2] Udaipur 26 April 1967 9 July 1971 4 years, 74 days (total 16 years, 194 days) Indian National Congress
6 Barkatullah Khan Tijara 9 July 1971 11 October 1973 2 years, 94 days
7 Hari Dev Joshi Banswara 11 October 1973 29 April 1977 3 years, 200 days
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 29 April 1977 22 June 1977 N/A
8 Bhairon Singh Shekhawat Chhabra 22 June 1977 16 February 1980 2 years, 239 days Sixth Assembly (1977–80) Janata Party
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 16 February 1980 6 June 1980 N/A
9 Jagannath Pahadia Weir 6 June 1980 13 July 1981 1 year, 37 days Seventh Assembly (1980–85) Indian National Congress
10 Shiv Charan Mathur Mandalgarh 14 July 1981 23 February 1985 3 years, 224 days
11 Hira Lal Devpura Kumbhalgarh 23 February 1985 10 March 1985 15 days Eighth Assembly (1985–90)
(7) Hari Dev Joshi [2] Banswara 10 March 1985 20 January 1988 2 years, 316 days
(10) Shiv Charan Mathur [2] Mandalgarh 20 January 1988 4 December 1989 1 year, 318 days (total 5 years, 177 days)
(7) Hari Dev Joshi [3] Banswara 4 December 1989 4 March 1990 90 days (total 6 years, 241 days)
(8) Bhairon Singh Shekhawat [2] Chhabra 4 March 1990 15 December 1992 2 years, 286 days Ninth Assembly (1990–92) Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 15 December 1992 4 December 1993 354 days N/A
(8) Bhairon Singh Shekhawat [3] Bali 4 December 1993 29 November 1998 4 years, 360 days (total 10 years, 155 days) Tenth Assembly (1993–98) Bharatiya Janata Party
12 Ashok Gehlot Sardarpura
1 December 1998 8 December 2003 5 years, 7 days Eleventh Assembly (1998–2003)
Indian National Congress
13 Vasundhara Raje Jhalrapatan
8 December 2003. 11 December 2008 5 years, 3 days Twelfth Assembly (2003–08)

(2003 elections)

Bharatiya Janata Party
(12) Ashok Gehlot [2] Sardarpura
12 December 2008 13 December 2013 5 years, 1 day Thirteenth Assembly (2008–13)

(2008 elections)

Indian National Congress
(13) Vasundhara Raje [2] Jhalrapatan 13 December 2013 16 December 2018 5 years, 3 days (total 10 years, 6 days) Fourteenth Assembly (2013–18)

(2013 elections)

Bharatiya Janata Party
(12) Ashok Gehlot [3] Sardarpura 17 December 2018 Incumbent 2 years, 141 days Fifteenth Assembly (2018-)

(2018 elections)

Indian National Congress

NotesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c d President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[2]
Reference
  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Rajasthan as well.
  2. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.

External linksEdit