List of chief ministers of Rajasthan
The Chief Minister of Rajasthan is the chief executive of the Indian state of Rajasthan. In accordance with the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Rajasthan Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
|Chief Minister of Rajasthan|
|Appointer||Governor of Rajasthan|
|Inaugural holder||Heera Lal Shastri|
|Formation||7 April 1949|
From 1949, 14 people have been Chief Minister of Rajasthan. Vasundhara Raje Scindia of the Bharatiya Janata Party is only female to serve as the chief minister of the state. After securing majority in 2018 assembly election, Ashok Gehlot of the Indian National Congress assumed office on 17 December 2018.
Chief Ministers of RajasthanEdit
|No||Name||Constituency||Took office||Left office||Party[a]||Tenure|
|1||Heera Lal Shastri||7 April 1949||5 January 1951||Indian National Congress||639 days|
|2||C. S. Venkatachari||6 January 1951||25 April 1951||110 days|
|3||Jai Narayan Vyas||26 April 1951||3 March 1952||313 days|
|4||Tika Ram Paliwal||Mahuwa||3 March 1952||31 October 1952||243 days|
|(3)||Jai Narayan Vyas ||Kishangarh||1 November 1952||12 November 1954||742 days|
(total 1055 days)
|5||Mohan Lal Sukhadia||Udaipur||13 November 1954||13 March 1967||4503 days|
|N/A||13 March 1967||26 April 1967|
|(5)||Mohan Lal Sukhadia ||Udaipur||26 April 1967||9 July 1971||Indian National Congress||1535 days|
(total 6038 days)
|6||Barkatullah Khan||Tijara||9 July 1971||11 August 1973||765 days|
|7||Hari Dev Joshi||Banswara||11 August 1973||29 April 1977||1389 days|
|N/A||29 April 1977||22 June 1977||N/A|
|8||Bhairon Singh Shekhawat||Chhabra||22 June 1977||16 February 1980||Janata Party||970 days|
|N/A||16 February 1980||6 June 1980||N/A|
|9||Jagannath Pahadia||Weir||6 June 1980||13 July 1981||Indian National Congress||403 days|
|10||Shiv Charan Mathur||Mandalgarh||14 July 1981||23 February 1985||1320 days|
|11||Hira Lal Devpura||Kumbhalgarh||23 February 1985||10 March 1985||16 days|
|(7)||Hari Dev Joshi ||Banswara||10 March 1985||20 January 1988||1046 days|
|(10)||Shiv Charan Mathur ||Mandalgarh||20 January 1988||4 December 1989||684 days|
(total 2004 days)
|(7)||Hari Dev Joshi ||Banswara||4 December 1989||4 March 1990||91 days|
(total 2526 days)
|(8)||Bhairon Singh Shekhawat ||Chhabra||4 March 1990||15 December 1992||Bharatiya Janata Party||1017 days|
|N/A||15 December 1992||4 December 1993||N/A|
|(8)||Bhairon Singh Shekhawat ||Bali||4 December 1993||29 November 1998||Bharatiya Janata Party||1821 days|
(total 3808 days)
|12||Ashok Gehlot||Sardarpura||1 December 1998||8 December 2003||Indian National Congress||1834 days|
|13||Vasundhara Raje||Jhalrapatan||8 December 2003||11 December 2008||Bharatiya Janata Party||1831 days|
|(12)||Ashok Gehlot ||Sardarpura||12 December 2008||13 December 2013||Indian National Congress||1822 days|
|(13)||Vasundhara Raje ||Jhalrapatan||13 December 2013||16 December 2018||Bharatiya Janata Party||1829 days |
(total 3660 days)
|(12)||Ashok Gehlot ||Sardarpura||17 December 2018||Incumbent||Indian National Congress||1 year, 35 days|
- This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
- President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.
- Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies to the specific case of Rajasthan as well.
- Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.
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