HDFC Bank Limited is an Indian banking and financial services company headquartered in Mumbai. It is India's largest private sector bank by assets and world's 10th largest bank by market capitalisation as of April 2021.[12] It is the third largest company by market capitalisation of $122.50 billion on the Indian stock exchanges.[13] It is also the fifteenth largest employer in India with nearly 120,000 employees.[14]

HDFC Bank Limited
TypePublic
ISININE040A01034
IndustryFinancial services
FoundedAugust 1994 (27 years ago) (August 1994)
Headquarters,
India
Area served
India
Key people
  • Atanu Chakraborty
    (Chairman)[1]
  • Sashidhar Jagdishan
    (CEO)
Products
RevenueIncrease 167,695 crore (US$22 billion)[3] (2022)
Increase 38,150 crore (US$5.0 billion)[3] (2022)
Total assetsIncrease 2,122,934 crore (US$280 billion)[4] (2022)
Total equityIncrease 246,771 crore (US$32 billion)[4] (2021)
OwnerHousing Development Finance Corporation (25.7%)
Number of employees
120,093 (2021)[5]
SubsidiariesHDFC Securities[6]
HDB Financial Services[7]
Websitewww.hdfcbank.com Edit this at Wikidata
Footnotes / references
[8][9][10][11]

HistoryEdit

HDFC Bank was incorporated in 1994 as a subsidiary of the Housing Development Finance Corporation, with its registered office in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Its first corporate office and a full-service branch at Sandoz House, Worli were inaugurated by the then Union Finance Minister, Manmohan Singh.

As of 30 June 2019, the bank's distribution network was at 5,500 branches across 2,764 cities. It has installed 430,000 POS terminals and issued 23,570,000 debit cards and 12 million credit cards in FY 2017.[15] It has a base of 1,16,971 permanent employees as of 21 March 2020.[16]

Products and servicesEdit

HDFC Bank provides a number of products and services including wholesale banking, retail banking, treasury, auto loans, two-wheeler loans, personal loans, loans against property, consumer durable loan, lifestyle loan and credit cards. Along with this various digital products are Payzapp and SmartBUY.[17]

Mergers and acquisitionsEdit

HDFC Bank merged with Times Bank in February 2000. This was the first merger of two private banks in the New Generation private sector banks category.[18] Times Bank was established by Bennett, Coleman and Co. Ltd., commonly known as The Times Group, India's largest media conglomerate.[19]

In 2008, Centurion Bank of Punjab (CBoP) was acquired by HDFC Bank. HDFC Bank's board approved the acquisition of CBoP for ₹95.1 billion in one of the largest mergers in the financial sector in India.[20]

In 2021, the bank acquired a 9.99% stake in FERBINE, an entity promoted by Tata Group, to operate a Pan-India umbrella entity for retail payment systems, similar to National Payments Corporation of India.[21]

In September 2021, the bank partnered with Paytm to launch a range of credit cards powered by the global card network Visa.[22]

On April 4 2022, HDFC Bank announced merger with HDFC Limited.[23]

InvestmentsEdit

 
A HDFC Bank branch in Hyderabad

In March 2020, Housing Development Finance Corporation, parent company of HDFC Bank, made an investment of ₹1,000 crores in Yes Bank.[24] As per the scheme of reconstruction of Yes Bank, 75% of the total investment by the corporation would be locked in for three years. On 14 March, Yes Bank allotted 100 crore shares of the face value of ₹2 each for consideration of ₹10 per share (including ₹8 premium) to the Corporation aggregating to 7.97 percent of the post issue equity share capital of Yes bank.[25]

Listings and shareholdingEdit

The equity shares of HDFC Bank are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange of India. Its American depositary receipts are listed on the NYSE issued through JP Morgan Chase Bank.[26]

Its global depository receipts (GDRs) was listed on the Luxembourg Stock Exchange[citation needed] but was terminated by board of directors following its low trading volume.[27]

Shareholders (as of 30 September 2021)[28] Shareholding[citation needed]
Promoter group (HDFC) 25.88%
Foreign institutional investor(FII) 38.30%
Individual shareholders 13.25%
Qualified institutional buyer 4.74%
Insurance companies 2.94%
Unit Trust of India/mutual funds 14.57%
Financial institutions/banks 0.4%
Central government 0.6%

Corporate social responsibility - ParivartanEdit

Parivartan is an umbrella term for all of the corporate social responsibility initiatives by HDFC Bank.

HDFC Bank's Parivartan initiative spent ₹535 crore in FY 2019–20.[29]

HDFC Bank spent Rs 634.91 crore towards Parivartan,in FY 2020-21. Out of Rs 634.9 crore, over Rs 110 crore was allocated and utilised towards initiatives focused on COVID-19 relief.[30]

HDFC Bank pledges to become carbon neutral by 2032[30]

ControversiesEdit

 
A HDFC Bank ATM in West Bengal.

On 2 December 2020, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) ordered HDFC Bank to temporarily halt the issuance of new credit cards and all planned activities under the bank's Digital 2.0 program citing incidents of outages in the bank's internet banking, mobile banking and payment utility services.[31][32]

On 29 January 2020, RBI imposed a monetary penalty on HDFC Bank for failure to undertake on-going due diligence in case of 39 current accounts opened for bidding in the initial public offer.[33]

A HDFC bank manager was arrested on charges of fraud, involving a sum of ₹59.41 lakh, in Odisha.[34]

Altico Capital and Dubai's Mashreq Bank have approached RBI, accusing HDFC Bank of violating regulatory provisions by debiting part of the funds the company had raised through external commercial borrowing (ECB) and parked at the bank. They claimed that HDFC bank's decision to transfer money from the account may be a violation of the RBI's end-use rule.[35]

On 27 May 2021, RBI imposed a penalty of Rs 10 crore on HDFC Bank for deficiencies in regulatory compliances with regard to its auto loan portfolio.The said penalty was imposed in regards to the contraventions of certain provisions of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949.[36]

FinancialEdit

Year Revenue (In crores) Profits/Loss (In crores) Total Assets (In crores)
FY 2010   16,233   3,004   222,947
FY 2011   20,043   3,992   277,963
FY 2012   28,193   5,247   341,055
FY 2013   35,861   6,870   407,723
FY 2014   42,555   8,743   503,620
FY 2015   50,666   10,689   607,097
FY 2016   63,162   12,801   762,212
FY 2017   73,271   15,280   892,344
FY 2018   85,288   18,510   1,103,186
FY 2019   105,161   22,332   1,292,806
FY 2020   122,189   27,254   1,580,830
FY 2021   128,552   31,833   1,799,502
FY 2022   135,936   38,053

Awards and recognitionEdit

2016Edit

  • Best Banking Performer, India in 2016 by Global Brands Magazine Award.[37]
  • Best Performing Branch in Microfinance among private sector banks by NABARD, 2016, Award for Best Performance in Microfinance[38]
  • KPMG study of India's Best Banks, Bank of the year & best digital banking initiative award 2016[39]
  • BrandZ Rankings, Most Valued brand in India for third successive year[40]
  • FinanceAsia poll on Asia's Best Companies 2015, Best managed public company – India[41]
  • J. P. Morgan Quality Recognition Award, Best in class straight through processing rates[42]

2018Edit

2019Edit

  • Best Bank: New Private Sector – FE Best Bank awards[43]
  • Winner in Innovation and Inclusiveness in Priority Sector Lending – 11th Inclusive Finance India Awards (IFI) 2019[44]
  • Ranked 1st in 2019 BrandZ Top 75 Most Valuable Indian Brands HDFC Bank was featured for the 6th consecutive year.[45]
  • Among The Most Honored Company List, Institutional Investor All-Asia (ex-Japan) Executive Team 2019 survey[46]
  • India’s Best Bank, Euromoney Awards for Excellence 2019[47]
  • Bank of the Year and Best Large Bank, Business Today – Money Today Financial Awards 2019[48]
  • Best Bank in India 2019, by Global magazine FinanceAsia.[49]
  • Ranked 60th in 2019 BrandZ Top 100 Most Valuable Global Brands[50] HDFC Bank was featured BrandZ Top 100 Most Valuable Global Brands 2019 for the 5th consecutive year. The Bank's brand value has gone up from $20.87 billion in 2018 to $22.70 billion in 2019.[citation needed]
  • Best Large Bank & Fastest Growing Large Bank in 2019, by Business World Magna Awards[51]
  • India's leading private sector bank: Dun & Bradstreet BFSI Awards[citation needed]

2020Edit

  • Best Bank in India: Euromoney Awards[52]
  • Best Bank in India: FinanceAsia Country Awards[citation needed]

2021Edit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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Further readingEdit

External linksEdit